243 research outputs found

    Experimental conditions and results of the left-right walking direction discrimination experiment.

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    <p>(A) Walking directions of stereo point-light walkers, defined by disparity cues (Purple - toward; Green - away), deviated slightly from the observer’s line of sight (L - Left; R - Right). (B) Left-right discrimination thresholds of toward and away conditions plotted for individual observers (the experimental group) and as group averages (the experimental and the control groups). The threshold of the toward condition was significantly lower compared with that of the away condition. Error bars indicate one SEM. **<i>p</i><.01.</p

    Schematic representations of 3D biological motion stimuli and results of Experiment 1.

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    <p>(A) During each trial, a pair of point-light walker sequences with horizontal binocular disparity was presented to the left and right eyes of the observer through a mirror stereoscope. (B) A series of point-light walkers, either facing toward (T-trial) or away (A-trial) from the observer defined by stereoscopic cues were displayed in random order. Observers were divided into experimental and control groups according to their perceived depth information. (C) The upper panel shows the contrast of accuracy for in-depth facing orientation judgment between the two groups, with the physical in-depth facing orientations combined or separated. Observers in the experimental group correctly identified the in-depth rotating direction of point-light sphere (lower left panel), yet their performance for discriminating the depth-reversed point-light walkers was at chance level (lower right panel). Error bars indicate one SEM.</p

    Illustration of a single frame of a sample stimulus used in the biological motion detection experiment and results of the experiment.

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    <p>(A) An upright point-light walker (target) embedded in dynamic noise dots. Blue lines are for illustration purpose here and were not shown in the actual experiment. (B) The accuracy of the detection task was significantly higher for the toward condition (purple) than for the away condition (green). Exp_LM+ or Exp_LM-: average performance of the experimental group, with congruent local motion (i.e., noise made from scrambled targets) or incongruent local motion (i.e., noise made from scrambled walkers rendered with disparity signals opposite to those of the target). Ctrl: average performance of the control group, with local motion conditions combined. Error bars indicate one SEM. **<i>p</i><.01.</p

    sj-docx-1-pss-10.1177_09567976231198190 – Supplemental material for Gaze-Triggered Communicative Intention Compresses Perceived Temporal Duration

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    Supplemental material, sj-docx-1-pss-10.1177_09567976231198190 for Gaze-Triggered Communicative Intention Compresses Perceived Temporal Duration by Yiwen Yu, Li Wang and Yi Jiang in Psychological Science</p

    Evaporation-Induced Crumpling of Graphene Oxide Nanosheets in Aerosolized Droplets: Confinement Force Relationship

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    A possible solution to solve the restacking issue of graphene oxide (GO) nanosheets during large-scale production is to turn the two-dimensional (2D) nanosheets into three-dimensional (3D) crumpled balls that have excellent compressive properties but still maintain high free volumes. An aerosol-based process has been proven to be a rational method for this purpose, in which, the crumpling phenomenon, however, has hitherto remained unclear. Here we present a detailed understanding of the crumpling of GO nanosheets by a systematic investigation conducted in aerosolized droplets by means of in-line (e.g., scanning mobility particle sizer) and off-line (e.g., electron microscopy) measurements. Correlations between the confinement force and various parameters, such as evaporation rate and precursor concentration were established to derive a universally applicable equation. Both calculation and experimental results revealed that the evaporation rate plays an important role in controlling the crumpling process

    Multiple stepwise regression results.

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    BackgroundSubjective well-being has a significant impact on an individual’s physical and mental health. Socioeconomic status, class identity, and social activity participation play important roles in subjective well-being. Therefore, the aim of this study was to uncover the mechanisms through which these factors influence subjective well-being.MethodsA total of 1926 valid samples were recruited using the Chinese General Social Survey 2021 (CGSS 2021). The Chinese Citizen’s Subjective Well-Being Scale (SWBS-CC) was employed to assess subjective well-being. Socioeconomic status was measured using income and education, and class identity and social activity participation were measured using Likert scales. Pearson correlation analysis and the chain mediation model were conducted to explore the relationship between these factors. Finally, the Bootstrap method was used to examine the path coefficients.ResultsA significant correlation was found between socioeconomic status, class identity, social activity, and subjective well-being (p ConclusionsThe study showed that socioeconomic status, class identity, and social activity had significant effects on subjective well-being. Class identity and social activity partially mediated the effects of socioeconomic status on subjective well-being, and they had a chain mediating effect between socioeconomic status and subjective well-being. Therefore, policymakers have the opportunity to enhance subjective well-being in lower socioeconomic status groups by promoting individual class identity and encouraging greater social activity participation.</div

    Fabrication of Quantum Dot-Sensitized Solar Cells Based on a Transparent TiO<sub>2</sub> Film with Reasonable Load Resistance Design

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    While transparent photoanodes are highly desired for smart energy devices, their performance is still far from expectation. In the present work, a transparent TiO2 film was prepared using a two-step spin-coating method, which served as photoanodes of quantum dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs). A porous TiO2 photoanode prepared by P25 was also fabricated for comparison. Compared with the porous TiO2 photoanode, QDSSCs based on the transparent TiO2 film showed an obviously declined short-circuit current density (Jsc) but greatly improved fill factor (54.3%), resulting in a larger power conversion efficiency (4.32%). The reason is due to the decreased series resistance and increased shunt resistance of solar cells based on the transparent TiO2 photoanode, which is consistent with the requirement of solar cells to load resistance. The present work proves that the transparent TiO2 film has great potential in the field of transparent solar cells

    The results of Pearson correlation analysis.

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    BackgroundSubjective well-being has a significant impact on an individual’s physical and mental health. Socioeconomic status, class identity, and social activity participation play important roles in subjective well-being. Therefore, the aim of this study was to uncover the mechanisms through which these factors influence subjective well-being.MethodsA total of 1926 valid samples were recruited using the Chinese General Social Survey 2021 (CGSS 2021). The Chinese Citizen’s Subjective Well-Being Scale (SWBS-CC) was employed to assess subjective well-being. Socioeconomic status was measured using income and education, and class identity and social activity participation were measured using Likert scales. Pearson correlation analysis and the chain mediation model were conducted to explore the relationship between these factors. Finally, the Bootstrap method was used to examine the path coefficients.ResultsA significant correlation was found between socioeconomic status, class identity, social activity, and subjective well-being (p ConclusionsThe study showed that socioeconomic status, class identity, and social activity had significant effects on subjective well-being. Class identity and social activity partially mediated the effects of socioeconomic status on subjective well-being, and they had a chain mediating effect between socioeconomic status and subjective well-being. Therefore, policymakers have the opportunity to enhance subjective well-being in lower socioeconomic status groups by promoting individual class identity and encouraging greater social activity participation.</div

    Bootstrap test results for multiple intermediary models.

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    Bootstrap test results for multiple intermediary models.</p

    The conceptual model based on previous research and theory.

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    The conceptual model based on previous research and theory.</p
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