107 research outputs found

    Predictors and outcome of organizational cynicism and the moderated mediating effect of perceived organizational support among nurses in Pakistan

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    Over the years, researchers in the field of management have tried to explore the factors of negative attitudes among healthcare services staff. However, related studies in the context of organizational cynicism are limited. Thus, it is essential to investigate the factors and outcomes of organizational cynicism among the healthcare services staff. The current study aimed to establish the relationship of perception of ethical climate, horizontal violence and authentic leadership style as predictors and turnover intention as an outcome of organizational cynicism along the moderated mediating effect of perceived organizational support in the nursing profession. The study used a quantitative research design, and eight hundred and seventy questionnaires were distributed to collect data from nursing staff working in Punjab region of Pakistan using a non-probability multistage sampling technique. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), multivariate data normality tests, descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling (SEM) were applied to analyze the data. The results revealed a statistically significant direct relationship among the perceptions of ethical climate, horizontal violence, authentic leadership style, organizational cynicism and turnover intention. Subsequently, results showed the full mediating effect of organizational cynicism between perception of ethical climate and turnover intention while no mediation was found between horizontal violence and turnover intention. Additionally, results indicated a partial mediating effect of organizational cynicism between authentic leadership style and turnover intention. On the contrary, moderated mediating relationship of perceived organizational support could not proceed because of the insignificant mediating effect of organizational cynicism between horizontal violence and turnover intention. Findings of the current study contributed to the literature of organizational behavior by exploring the factors and outcomes of cynicism among healthcare services staff. The study has also practical implications for nursing managers and the Ministry of Health, Pakistan as the findings would enable them to understand the factors which directly or indirectly affect the negative attitudes among healthcare services staff

    Nanofood: Legal and Regulatory Challenges

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    Nanotechnology will have a significant impact on food production in a variety of ways, both directly and indirectly. The growth and complexity of nanotechnology in food applications poses new challenges for the existing food regulation as well as the regulatory authority. This article seeks to examine the legal and regulatory challenges posed by the nanotechnology applications in the food industry. This article reviews some of the relevant legislation in the U.S. and E.U. in dealing with nanofood and the industry. This article also provides an assessment on the adequacy of those laws and identifies the possible gaps and weaknesses in them

    Spouted-Bed Gasification of Flame Retardant Textiles as a Potential Non-Conventional Biomass

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    Renewable energy from thermal valorization plays a key part in today's energy from natural cellulosic textiles that are resourceful biomass and safe from toxicity at high temperature treatments. The situation is opposite, when technical textiles are treated with synthetic chemical finishes adding functionality as anti-bacterial, water repellent or flame retardant, etc. Incineration of flame retardant textile results in possible unfavorable gases, toxic fumes and contaminated ash. Other thermal valorization techniques like gasification would assist in avoiding the formation of additional toxic hazards. Herein, gasification of flame retardant textile is carried out the likelihood to get quality gas composition. For comparative analysis, flame retardant textiles, after their flame retardant ability being revoked, are also gasified. The output gas components suggested that gasification can be a useful thermal valorization approach for flame retardant textiles and relevantly improved gas composition was seen in textiles with their flame retardant substrate/species being removed

    LMPP effects on morphology, crystallization, thermal and mechanical properties of iPP/LMPP blend Fibres

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    The thermal properties and morphological characterisation of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) homopolymer and its blends with low molecular low modulus polypropylene (LMPP) were studied. Firstly blends were prepared with variant LMPP contents, and their properties were characterised using SEM, DSC, XRD, and DMA. Later the mechanical properties of iPP/LMPP blend fibres were investigated. SEM results showed that the iPP/LMPP blends produced smoother surfaces when the LMPP content was increased, as well as the miscibility. All the Tg values with different LMPP percentages were in-between pure iPP and LMPP. The XRD results indicated the LMPP percentage decreased along with the degree of crystallinity of the iPP/LMPP blends (5% to 15%), which increased and then decreased as compared to pure iPP. The elongation at break increased when the LMPP content increased, with the maximum elongation at break of the LMPP 25% blend reaching 12.95%, which showed great stretch-ability, whereas the elastic modulus of iPP/LMPP blends decreased.W pracy badano w艂a艣ciwo艣ci termiczne i morfologi臋 homopolimeru izotaktycznego polipropylenu (iPP) i jego mieszanek z polipropylenem o ma艂ej masie cz膮steczkowej (LMPP). Zastosowano nast臋puj膮ce proporcje mieszania iPP/LMPP (wt/wt): 95/5, 90/10, 85/15, 80/20 i 75/25, zdefiniowano je odpowiedni: 5%, 10%, 15 %, 20% i 25%. W艂a艣ciwo艣ci w艂okien mieszanych iPP/LMPP por贸wnano do w艂a艣ciwo艣ci czystego PP i LMPP. W艂贸kna mieszane zbadano za pomoc膮 SEM, DSC, XRD i DMA. Nast臋pnie zbadano mechaniczne w艂a艣ciwo艣ci w艂贸kien iPP/LMPP. Wyniki SEM wykaza艂y, 偶e wraz ze zwi臋kszeniem zawarto艣ci LMPP powierzchnia w艂贸kien charakteryzowa艂a si臋 wi臋ksz膮 g艂adko艣ci膮. Wszystkie warto艣ci Tg w艂贸kien mieszanych by艂y po艣rednie pomi臋dzy czystym iPP i LMPP. Stwierdzono, 偶e wyd艂u偶enie przy zerwaniu zwi臋kszy艂o si臋 wraz ze wzrostem zawarto艣ci LMPP, przy maksymalnym wyd艂u偶eniu przy zerwaniu 12,95%, dla w艂贸kien z zawarto艣ci膮 25% LMPP, co wskazywa艂o na du偶膮 rozci膮gliwo艣膰, podczas gdy modu艂 spr臋偶ysto艣ci wzd艂u偶nej w艂贸kien iPP / LMPP zmniejszy艂 si臋

    The norm reconstruction of verdict execution of the National Sharia Arbitration Board to sharia economic dispute in Indonesia

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    Within the growth of sharia economic in Indonesia, a dualism of the sharia economic dispute settlement occurred along with the emergence of the disputes. According to Law No. 3 of 2006 on the Amendment of Law No. 7 of 1989 on the Religious Court, Law No. 21 of 2008 on Sharia Banking, and The Constitutional Court Decision No. 93/Puu-X/2012 declares that sharia economic dispute settlement is within the authority of the Religious Court. Meanwhile, according to Law No. 50 of 2009 on the Judicial Power, The execution of the National Sharia Arbitration Board (Basyarnas) verdict as part of sharia economic dispute settlement in Indonesia is the General Court鈥檚 authority. The Law that is overlapped indicates a conflict of norms on the Basyarnas verdict execution in which the philosophical, juridical, and sociological weakness, and the vague legal purposes occurred. Therefore, a reconstruction of norm on the Basyarnas verdict execution is needed.This paper examines three issues. First, why did the Article 59 Law No. 48 of 2009 is used as a reference for the Basyarnas verdict execution but the Article 49 Law No. 3 of 2006 and Article 55 Law No. 21 of 2008 are neglected. Second, was the norm of the Basyarnas verdict execution in accordance with the legal purposes. Third, how did the principles of the Basyarnas verdict execution influence sharia economic disputes in Indonesia.The method used in this study is a normative legal research using legislational, conceptual, philosophical, and comparative law approach. So, several findings are found. First, the use of Article 59 Law No. 48 of 2009 on the Judicial Power and the neglect of Article 49 Law No. 3 of 2006 on the Amendment of Law No. 7 of 1989 on the Religious Court and Article 55 Law No. 21 of 2008 on Sharia Banking as a reference for the Basyarnas verdict execution is based on philosophical, historical, political, and juridical argument. Second, the norm of the Basyarnas verdict execution relevance with the legal purpose is vague, as associated with justice, legal certainty and benefits aspects. Third, there are two legal principles to resolve conflicts on norms of the Basyarnas verdict execution, namely (a) the principle of consistency, and (b) the principle of the obligatory to avoid authoritarianism of the elite positive norm

    Registration of nanomaterials and nano-enabled products: solution in regulation and governance or new challenge.

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    Regulation and governance of infinite number and diversified types of engineered nanomaterials has been a genuine challenge for the regulators around the world in recent times. Recent experience with the genetically modified food compelled the regulators, specially from the Europe, to take cautious move from the very beginning regarding nanomaterials. One of the initial tasks in relation to regulation and governance is the registration of nanomaterials and development of the nano-enabled product registers. This paper intends to shed focus on and evaluate the development of different registers on materials and products. It is apparent that though some European regulators have initiated the registration process, other regulators like Australia and the USA are skeptical about the success of such initiative. Albeit, in order to provide remedies for any possible future damage arising out of defective products or material the importance of such databases cannot be ignored

    Food waste minimisation practices

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    In order to achieve an efficient waste minimisation, there is a need to be an understanding on the awareness of the waste minimisation in the major food operator including cafeteria. Thus, this chapter provide an observation of the waste minimisation at several cafeterias which include of manageable and unmanageable waste systems. This chapter will explain how the cafeteria is doing to cut back on or at least recycle the huge amount of food waste or cooking waste for waste minimization. Case studies were conducted at the Sis Wani House of Catering, Enayati Cafeteria and Hadramawt Cafeteria in UTHM campus. Determination of the level of knowledge about waste minimization among cafeteria workers and customers (students) were studied to measure the awareness on waste minimization

    Simulating the annual energy yield of a rotationally asymmetrical optical concentrator.

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    This paper simulates the annual energy yield of a concentrator called the rotationally asymmetrical dielectric totally internally reflective concentrator (RADTIRC). One specific design of the RADTIRC is assumed to be installed in Berlin/Brandenburg, Germany. Simulation and experimental work have been carried out to determine the optical concentration gain under direct and diffuse radiations. Based on the analysis, it was found that the yearly energy yield was increased by a factor of 2.29 when the RADTIRC-PV module was used when compared with the non-concentrating PV module

    Association of Stress, Knowledge Management, and Change with Organizational Effectiveness in Education Sector of Pakistan

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    The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of organizational stress, knowledge management, and organizational change on organizational effectiveness. A valid questionnaire was distributed to administrative staff and faculty members of different educational institutes. 100 questionnaires were distributed in public and private educational sectors. 75 complete questionnaires were received at response rate of 75%. A non probability random sampling technique was used to select the sample. Pearson’s moment correlation and linear regression was applied to study the relationship between organizational stress, knowledge management, organizational change and organizational effectiveness. Results show significant relationship of factors and positive impact on organizational effectiveness. This research also discusses practical implicatios and research limitations.&nbsp
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