126 research outputs found

    Research on Overseas Mergers and Acquisitions by Chinese Listed Companies: A Case Study of Listed Companies in Zhejiang

    Get PDF
    With the rapid economic development of China, more and more enterprises have realized their own internationalization strategies through overseas mergers and acquisitions, but the results of overseas mergers and acquisitions are different. On the one hand, mergers and acquisitions bring more development opportunities to some enterprises and enable them to win more markets; on the other hand, mergers and acquisitions have led some enterprises to huge losses. Therefore, it is especially necessary to analyze and study the related issues in order to effectively prevent and avoid the risks in the process of overseas mergers and acquisitions by listed companies. This paper summarizes the current status of overseas mergers and acquisitions by listed companies in Zhejiang province, analyzes its internal motivations, the problems, such as insufficient funds, cultural differences, and the dearth of experience, in the process of mergers and acquisitions. This paper also provides Chinese listed companies with the corresponding strategies for overseas mergers and acquisitions, which may hopefully propel the internationalization and globalization of Chinese listed companies

    Model and Algorithm for Linkage Disequilibrium Analysis in a Non-Equilibrium Population

    Get PDF
    The multilocus analysis of polymorphisms has emerged as a vital ingredient of population genetics and evolutionary biology. A fundamental assumption used for existing multilocus analysis approaches is Hardy–Weinberg equilibrium at which maternally- and paternally-derived gametes unite randomly during fertilization. Given the fact that natural populations are rarely panmictic, these approaches will have a significant limitation for practical use. We present a robust model for multilocus linkage disequilibrium analysis which does not rely on the assumption of random mating. This new disequilibrium model capitalizes on Weir’s definition of zygotic disequilibria and is based on an open-pollinated design in which multiple maternal individuals and their half-sib families are sampled from a natural population. This design captures two levels of associations: one is at the upper level that describes the pattern of cosegregation between different loci in the parental population and the other is at the lower level that specifies the extent of co-transmission of non-alleles at different loci from parents to their offspring. An MCMC method was implemented to estimate genetic parameters that define these associations. Simulation studies were used to validate the statistical behavior of the new model

    Monitoring and analysis of blasting vibration in tunnel excavation of nuclear power plant

    Get PDF
    Vibration monitoring of blasting excavation of drainage tunnel in Lufeng Nuclear Power Plant is carried out and the data of blasting vibration is analyzed in this paper. The results show that: (1) The vertical vibration velocity of the rock mass is greater than the horizontal radial and horizontal tangential vibration velocity (2) The blasting vibration velocity of rock mass decreases with distance, which is affected by rock structure and explosive quantity. The monitoring research in this paper has guiding significance for vibration prediction and control in tunnel blasting excavation

    Development of village doctors in China: financial compensation and health system support.

    Get PDF
    BACKGROUND: Since 1968, China has trained about 1.5 million barefoot doctors in a few years' time to provide basic health services to 0.8 billion rural population. China's Ministry of Health stopped using the term of barefoot doctor in 1985, and changed policy to develop village doctors. Since then, village doctors have kept on playing an irreplaceable role in China's rural health, even though the number of village doctors has fluctuated over the years and they face serious challenges. United Nations declared Sustainable Development Goals in 2015 to achieve universal health coverage by 2030. Under this context, development of Community Health workers (CHWs) has become an emerging policy priority in many resource-poor developing countries. China's experiences and lessons learnt in developing and maintaining village doctors may be useful for these developing countries. METHODS: This paper aims to synthesis lessons learnt from the Chinese CHW experiences. It summarizes China's experiences in exploring and using strategic partnership between the community and the formal health system to develop CHWs in the two stages, the barefoot doctor stage (1968 -1985) and the village doctor stage (1985-now). Chinese and English literature were searched from PubMed, CNKI and Wanfang. The information extracted from the selected articles were synthesized according to the four partnership strategies for communities and health system to support CHW development, namely 1) joint ownership and design of CHW programmes; 2) collaborative supervision and constructive feedback; 3) a balanced package of incentives, both financial and non-financial; and 4) a practical monitoring system incorporating data from the health system and community. RESULTS: The study found that the townships and villages provided an institutional basis for barefoot doctor policy, while the formal health system, including urban hospitals, county health schools, township health centers, and mobile medical teams provided training to the barefoot doctors. But After 1985, the formal health system played a more dominant role in the CHW system including both selection and training of village doctors. China applied various mechanisms to compensate village doctors in different stages. During 1960s and 1970s, the main income source of barefoot doctors was from their villages' collective economy. After 1985 when the rural collective economy collapsed and barefoot doctors were transformed to village doctors, they depended on user fees, especially from drug sale revenues. In the new century, especially after the new round of health system reform in 2009, government subsidy has become an increasing source of village doctors' income. CONCLUSION: The barefoot doctor policy has played a significant role in providing basic human resources for health and basic health services to rural populations when rural area had great shortages of health resources. The key experiences for this great achievement are the intersection between the community and the formal health system, and sustained and stable financial compensation to the community health workers

    Analysis on monitoring and controlling techniques about blasting vibration effect of open channel in Taishan nuclear power station

    Get PDF
    The blasting for bedrock excavation on land for open channel project has a great influence on lock gate in Taishan Nuclear Power Station, therefore, based on blasting vibration monitoring data, the attenuation law of blasting vibration signal has been studied through regression analysis of practical test data by Sadaovsk empirical formula and corresponding time-frequency characteristics was analyzed by Empirical Mode Decomposition based on Hilbert-Huang transform. As for those monitoring data, the results of blast vibration velocity for vertical direction are generally larger than horizontal radial and horizontal tangential direction in the near field of blasting source and the peak particle velocity of vertical direction is usually lower than horizontal radial and horizontal tangential direction in the far field of blasting source; at the same time, their main vibration frequency mostly vary from 10 Hz to 80 Hz which is much higher than natural frequency of lock gate and is beneficial to structural safety and stability of surrounding rock mass for reducing the probability of resonance. To ensure the safety of lock gate, it is of great significance to control maximum explosive weight per delay in advance for different distance from monitoring point to the explosion source according to Safety Regulations for Blasting (GB6722-2014), which shows the excellent effect on blasting damage control of the lock gate and surrounding rock mass. The results from the analysis can be for reference to similar blasting design and blasting construction

    Survival in Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer Undergoing Radiotherapy: The Importance of Prostate-Specific Antigen-Based Stratification

    Get PDF
    ObjectivesTo explore the effectiveness of radiotherapy in mPCa patients with different PSA stratifications based on the cancer database of a large population.BackgroundScreening criteria for patients with metastatic prostate cancer, who are candidates for radiotherapy, are rarely reported.Patients and MethodsWe identified 22,604 patients with metastatic prostate cancer in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database and divided them into a radiotherapy group and a control group. Patients with metastatic prostate cancer were divided into subgroups according to their levels of prostate-specific antigen to evaluate the efficacy of radiotherapy. They were also divided into six subgroups according to their prostate-specific antigen levels. We used multivariate Cox analysis to evaluate overall survival and cancer-specific survival. After 1:1 propensity score matching, Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to explore the difference in overall survival and cancer-specific survival in the radiotherapy and control group.ResultsIn all, 5,505 patients received radiotherapy, compared to 17,099 in the control group. In the multivariate Cox analysis, radiotherapy improved overall survival (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.730, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.636–0.838; P<0.001) and cancer-specific survival (HR: 0.764, 95% CI: 0.647–0.903; P=0.002) in patients with a PSA level of 4–10 ng/mL. Similar results were obtained by Kaplan-Meier analysis after 1:1 propensity score matching. In patients with prostate-specific antigen levels between 4–10 ng/mL, the overall survival (P<0.001) and cancer-specific survival (P<0.05) in the radiotherapy group was significantly better than those in the control group.ConclusionThe result of this large population-based study shows that rigorous selection of appropriate metastatic prostate cancer patients for radiotherapy can benefit prognosis significantly. This can be the basis for future prospective trials

    A novel FCTF evaluation and prediction model for food efficacy based on association rule mining

    Get PDF
    IntroductionFood-components-target-function (FCTF) is an evaluation and prediction model based on association rule mining (ARM) and network interaction analysis, which is an innovative exploration of interdisciplinary integration in the food field.MethodsUsing the components as the basis, the targets and functions are comprehensively explored in various databases and platforms under the guidance of the ARM concept. The focused active components, key targets and preferred efficacy are then analyzed by different interaction calculations. The FCTF model is particularly suitable for preliminary studies of medicinal plants in remote and poor areas.ResultsThe FCTF model of the local medicinal food Laoxianghuang focuses on the efficacy of digestive system cancers and neurological diseases, with key targets ACE, PTGS2, CYP2C19 and corresponding active components citronellal, trans-nerolidol, linalool, geraniol, α-terpineol, cadinene and α-pinene.DiscussionCenturies of traditional experience point to the efficacy of Laoxianghuang in alleviating digestive disorders, and our established FCTF model of Laoxianghuang not only demonstrates this but also extends to its possible adjunctive efficacy in neurological diseases, which deserves later exploration. The FCTF model is based on the main line of components to target and efficacy and optimizes the research level from different dimensions and aspects of interaction analysis, hoping to make some contribution to the future development of the food discipline

    DAXX promotes centromeric stability independently of ATRX by preventing the accumulation of R-loop-induced DNA double-stranded breaks

    Get PDF
    Maintaining chromatin integrity at the repetitive non-coding DNA sequences underlying centromeres is crucial to prevent replicative stress, DNA breaks and genomic instability. The concerted action of transcriptional repressors, chromatin remodelling complexes and epigenetic factors controls transcription and chromatin structure in these regions. The histone chaperone complex ATRX/DAXX is involved in the establishment and maintenance of centromeric chromatin through the deposition of the histone variant H3.3. ATRX and DAXX have also evolved mutually-independent functions in transcription and chromatin dynamics. Here, using paediatric glioma and pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor cell lines, we identify a novel ATRX-independent function for DAXX in promoting genome stability by preventing transcription-associated R-loop accumulation and DNA double-strand break formation at centromeres. This function of DAXX required its interaction with histone H3.3 but was independent of H3.3 deposition and did not reflect a role in the repression of centromeric transcription. DAXX depletion mobilized BRCA1 at centromeres, in line with BRCA1 role in counteracting centromeric R-loop accumulation. Our results provide novel insights into the mechanisms protecting the human genome from chromosomal instability, as well as potential perspectives in the treatment of cancers with DAXX alterations

    Metformin improves polycystic ovary syndrome in mice by inhibiting ovarian ferroptosis

    Get PDF
    Background and objectivePCOS is a common metabolic disorder in women of reproductive age, which pathogenesis is very complex. The role of ferroptosis in PCOS is a novel finding, and the mechanistic studies are not clear. Metformin is a commonly used drug of PCOS but few studies on whether metformin can improve the follicle development and ovarian function in PCOS. We aims to use PCOS mouse model to study the effect of metformin on PCOS based on the ovarian function and explored the regulation of metformin in PCOS mice by intervening in ferroptosis pathway.Materials and methodsC57 BL/6J female mice aged 4-5 weeks were purchased and gavaged with letrozole (1 mg/kg/day) combined with high-fat diet for 21days to establish PCOS model, and control group was set up. After modeling, the mice were divided into PCOS model group and metformin treatment group (Met) (n=6).The Met group were gavaged metformin (200 mg/kg/day) for 28 days. The body weight, estrous cycle, glucose tolerance test (OGTT)and insulin resistance test (ITT) were monitored. Then, The mice were euthanized to collect serum and ovaries. Elisa was used to detect changes in related serum hormones (E2, LH, FSH, TP). Ovaries used for molecular biology experiments to detect changes in GPX4, SIRT3, AMPK/p-AMPK, and mTOR/p-mTOR by Western blot and qPCR.ResultsCompared with the model group mice, body weight was significantly reduced, and their estrous cycle was restored in Met group. The results of OGTT and ITT showed an improvment of glucose tolerance and insulin resistance. Morphological results showed that after metformin treatment, polycystic lesions in ovaries were reduced, the ovarian function was restored, and the expressions of SIRT3 and GPX4 were elevated. WB results demonstrated that the expressions of p-mTOR and p-AMPK in ovaries were significantly reduced in Model group, but reversed in MET group.ConclusionOur study confirmed metformin could not only improve body weight and metabolism disorders, but also improve ovarian dysfunction in PCOS mice.In addition, we explored metformin could regulate ferroptosis to improve PCOS via the SIRT3/AMPK/mTOR pathway. Our study complements the mechanisms by which metformin improves PCOS
    corecore