3,039 research outputs found

### Phenomenological discriminations of the Yukawa interactions in two-Higgs doublet models with $Z_2$ symmetry

There are four types of two-Higgs doublet models under a discrete $Z_2$
symmetry imposed to avoid tree-level flavour-changing neutral current, i.e.
type-I, type-II, type-X and type-Y models. We investigate the possibility to
discriminate the four models in the light of the flavour physics data,
including $B_s-\bar B_s$ mixing, $B_{s,d} \to \mu^+ \mu^-$, $B\to \tau\nu$ and
$\bar B \to X_s \gamma$ decays, the recent LHC Higgs data, the direct search
for charged Higgs at LEP, and the constraints from perturbative unitarity and
vacuum stability. After deriving the combined constraints on the Yukawa
interaction parameters, we have shown that the correlation between the mass
eigenstate rate asymmetry $A_{\Delta\Gamma}$ of $B_{s} \to \mu^+ \mu^-$ and the
ratio $R={\cal B}(B_{s} \to \mu^+ \mu^-)_{exp}/ {\cal B}(B_{s} \to \mu^+
\mu^-)_{SM}$ could be sensitive probe to discriminate the four models with
future precise measurements of the observables in the $B_{s} \to \mu^+ \mu^-$
decay at LHCb.Comment: 29 pages, 4 tables, 11 figures. v3: minor corrections included,
matches published version in EPJ

### Deflation and Monetary Policy in Taiwan

From 1999 to 2003, Taiwan faced a deflationary situation. The reasons for this deflation can be attributed to both domestic and global factors. Domestic changes including local political unrest, tensions with China, outbound investment to China, a weakened financial system, and a deteriorating government financial situation, provided the backdrop for the economic slowdown and corresponding deflation. A number of global factors, especially the bursting of the Internet and IT bubbles in late 2000 and the rise of China's economy, also heavily influenced both global and Taiwanese prices. This paper adopts a simplified aggregate demand and aggregate supply model to derive a deterministic equation of the GDP deflator (PGDP), and then applies quarterly data covering the period from 1982 to 2003 to estimate the PGDP equation using 2SLS. The empirical results are used to identify the sources of PGDP deflation in Taiwan. In addition, the phenomenon of price divergence appears since 2002 where the WPI increased and the CPI decreased. The causes of the WPI-CPI divergence are also investigated in this paper.

### The puzzles in $B\to \pi\pi$ and $\pi K$ decays: possible implications for R-parity violating supersymmetry

Recent experiments suggest that certain data of $B \to \pi\pi,\pi K$ decays
are inconsistent with the standard model expectations. We try to explain the
discrepancies with R-parity violating suppersymmetry. By employing the QCD
factorization approach, we study these decays in the minimal supersymmetric
standard model with R-parity violation. We show that R-parity violation can
resolve the discrepancies in both $B \to \pi\pi$ and $B \to \pi K$ decays, and
find that in some regions of parameter spaces all these requirements, including
the CP averaged branching ratios and the direct CP asymmetries, can be
satisfied. Furthermore, we have derived stringent bounds on relevant R-parity
violating couplings from the latest experimental data, and some of these
constraints are stronger than the existing bounds.Comment: 24 pages, 6 figures and 5 tables. Text revised. Final version to
appear in PR

### Revisiting B\to\pi K, \pi K^{\ast} and \rho K decays: CP violations and implication for New Physics

Combining the up-to-date experimental information on $B\to\pi K, \pi
K^{\ast}$ and $\rho K$ decays, we revisit the decay rates and CP asymmetries of
these decays within the framework of QCD factorization. Using an infrared
finite gluon propagator of Cornwall prescription, we find that the time-like
annihilation amplitude could contribute a large strong phase, while the
space-like hard spectator scattering amplitude is real. Numerically, we find
that all the branching ratios and most of the direct CP violations, except
$A_{CP}(B^{\pm}\to K^{\pm}\pi^{0})$, agree with the current experimental data
with an effective gluon mass $m_g\simeq0.5 {\rm GeV}$. Taking the unmatched
difference in direct CP violations between $B\to\pi^{0} K^{\pm}$ and
$\pi^{\mp}K^{\pm}$ decays as a hint of new physics, we perform a
model-independent analysis of new physics contributions with a set of
$\bar{s}(1+\gamma_{5})b\otimes\bar{q}(1+\gamma_{5})q$ (q=u,d) operators. Detail
analyses of the relative impacts of the operators are presented in five cases.
Fitting the twelve decay modes, parameter spaces are found generally with
nontrivial weak phases. Our results may indicate that both strong phase from
annihilation amplitude and new weak phase from new physics are needed to
resolve the $\pi K$ puzzle. To further test the new physics hypothesis, the
mixing-induced CP violations in $B\to\pi^{0}K_{S}$ and $\rho^{0}K_{S}$ are
discussed and good agreements with the recent experimental data are found.Comment: Version published in JHE

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