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    Entangling two oscillators with arbitrary asymmetric initial states

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    A Hamiltonian is presented, which can be used to convert any asymmetric state φaϕb|\varphi \rangle_{a}|\phi \rangle_{b} of two oscillators aa and bb into an entangled state. Furthermore, with this Hamiltonian and local operations only, two oscillators, initially in any asymmetric initial states, can be entangled with a third oscillator. The prepared entangled states can be engineered with an arbitrary degree of entanglement. A discussion on the realization of this Hamiltonian is given. Numerical simulations show that, with current circuit QED technology, it is feasible to generate high-fidelity entangled states of two microwave optical fields, such as entangled coherent states, entangled squeezed states, entangled coherent-squeezed states, and entangled cat states. Our finding opens a new avenue for creating not only two-color or three-color entanglement of light but also wave-like or particle-like entanglement or novel wave-like and particle-like hybrid entanglement.Comment: 8 pages, 2 figure

    Josephson Oscillation and Transition to Self-Trapping for Bose-Einstein-Condensates in a Triple-Well Trap

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    We investigate the tunnelling dynamics of Bose-Einstein-Condensates(BECs) in a symmetric as well as in a tilted triple-well trap within the framework of mean-field treatment. The eigenenergies as the functions of the zero-point energy difference between the tilted wells show a striking entangled star structure when the atomic interaction is large. We then achieve insight into the oscillation solutions around the corresponding eigenstates and observe several new types of Josephson oscillations. With increasing the atomic interaction, the Josephson-type oscillation is blocked and the self-trapping solution emerges. The condensates are self-trapped either in one well or in two wells but no scaling-law is observed near transition points. In particular, we find that the transition from the Josephson-type oscillation to the self-trapping is accompanied with some irregular regime where tunnelling dynamics is dominated by chaos. The above analysis is facilitated with the help of the Poicar\'{e} section method that visualizes the motions of BECs in a reduced phase plane.Comment: 10 pages, 11 figure