18,598 research outputs found

    The tensor renormalization group study of the general spin-S Blume-Capel model

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    We focus on the special situation of D=2JD=2J of the general spin-S Blume-Capel model on the square lattice. Under the infinitesimal external magnetic field, the phase transition behaviors due to the thermal fluctuations are discussed by the newly developed tensor renormalization group method. For the case of the integer spin-S, the system will undergo SS first-order phase transitions with the successive symmetry breaking with the magnetization M=S,Sβˆ’1,...0M=S,S-1,...0. For the half-integer spin-S, there are similar Sβˆ’1/2S-1/2 first order phase transition with M=S,Sβˆ’1,...1/2M=S,S-1,...1/2 stepwise structure, in addition, there is a continuous phase transition due to the spin-flip Z2Z_2 symmetry breaking. In the low temperature regions, all first-order phase transitions are accompanied by the successive disappearance of the optional spin-component pairs(s,βˆ’ss,-s), furthermore, the critical temperature for the nth first-order phase transition is the same, independent of the value of the spin-S. In the absence of the magnetic field, the visualization parameter characterizing the intrinsic degeneracy of the different phases clearly demonstrates the phase transition process.Comment: 6 pages, 7 figure

    Single-Photon Pulse Induced Transient Entanglement Force

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    We show that a single photon pulse (SPP) incident on two interacting two-level atoms induces a transient entanglement force between them. After absorption of a multi-mode Fock state pulse, the time-dependent atomic interaction mediated by the vacuum fluctuations changes from the van der Waals interaction to the resonant dipole-dipole interaction (RDDI). We explicitly show that the RDDI force induced by the SPP fundamentally arises from the two-body transient entanglement between the atoms. This SPP induced entanglement force can be continuously tuned from being repulsive to attractive by varying the polarization of the pulse. We further demonstrate that the entanglement force can be enhanced by more than three orders of magnitude if the atomic interactions are mediated by graphene plasmons. These results demonstrate the potential of shaped SPPs as a powerful tool to manipulate this entanglement force and also provides a new approach to witness transient atom-atom entanglement.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figures and a supplementary materia
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