40,117 research outputs found

### Ground State Property of an Alternating Spin Ladder Involving Two Kinds of Inter-Chain Interactions

The ground state property of the alternating spin ladder is studied in the
case that the system involves an antiferromagnetic intra-chain interaction as
well as two kinds of inter-chain interactions; one is between spins of the same
magnitude and the other is between spins with different magnitudes. The
calculation has been carried out by the exact diagonalization method. As a
consequence of the competition among interactions, the system is revealed to
show an interesting variety of phases in the ground state property. Its phase
diagram is exhibited in the parameter space of the system. We find that,
however small the total amount of the inter-chain interactions is, the
ferrimagnetic ground state becomes unstable in a certain region. In this case,
which of the ferrimagnetic and the singlet ground state to appear is determined
only by the ratio between the inter-chain interactions regardless of their
total amount. The nature of two phases appearing in the singlet region of the
phase diagram and the type of the phase transition between them are also
discussed. The results are ensured by comparing with those of obtained in other
models which are contained in our model as special limiting cases.Comment: 12 pages, 9 PostScript figure

### Stress concentration in the vicinity of a hole defect under conditions of Hertzian contact

Two dimensional photoelastic stress analyses were conducted for epoxy resin models containing a hole defect under the conditions of Hertzian contact. Stress concentrations around the defect were determined as a function of several parameters. The effect of tangential traction on the stress concentration was also determined. Sharp stress concentrations occur in the vicinity of both the left and the right side of the hole. The stress concentration becomes more distinct the larger the hole diameter and the smaller distance between the hole and the contact surface. The stress concentration is greatest when the disk imposing a normal load is located at the contact surface directly over the hole. The magnitude and the location of stress concentration varies with the distance between the Hertzian contact area and the hole. The area involved in a process of rolling contact fatigue is confined to a shallow region at both sides of the hole. It was found that the effect of tangential traction is comparatively small on the stress concentration around the hole

### How to construct a coordinate representation of a Hamiltonian operator on a torus

The dynamical system of a point particle constrained on a torus is quantized
\`a la Dirac with two kinds of coordinate systems respectively; the Cartesian
and toric coordinate systems. In the Cartesian coordinate system, it is
difficult to express momentum operators in coordinate representation owing to
the complication in structure of the commutation relations between canonical
variables. In the toric coordinate system, the commutation relations have a
simple form and their solutions in coordinate representation are easily
obtained with, furthermore, two quantum Hamiltonians turning up. A problem
comes out when the coordinate system is transformed, after quantization, from
the Cartesian to the toric coordinate system.Comment: 17 pages, LaTeX, 1 Figure included as a compressed uuencoded
postscript fil

### Evidence for Carrier-Induced High-Tc Ferromagnetism in Mn-doped GaN film

A GaN film doped with 8.2 % Mn was grown by the molecular-beam-epitaxy
technique. Magnetization measurements show that this highly Mn-doped GaN film
exhibits ferromagnetism above room temperature. It is also revealed that the
high-temperature ferromagnetic state is significantly suppressed below 10 K,
accompanied by an increase of the electrical resistivity with decreasing
temperature. This observation clearly demonstrates a close relation between the
ferromagnetism with extremely high-Tc and the carrier transport in the Mn-doped
GaN film.Comment: 9 pages, 3 figure

### Intrinsic double-peak structure of the specific heat in low-dimensional quantum ferrimagnets

Motivated by recent magnetic measurements on A3Cu3(PO4)4 (A=Ca,Sr) and
Cu(3-Clpy)2(N3)2 (3-Clpy=3-Chloropyridine), both of which behave like
one-dimensional ferrimagnets, we extensively investigate the ferrimagnetic
specific heat with particular emphasis on its double-peak structure. Developing
a modified spin-wave theory, we reveal that ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic
dual features of ferrimagnets may potentially induce an extra low-temperature
peak as well as a Schottky-type peak at mid temperatures in the specific heat.Comment: 5 pages, 6 figures embedded, Phys. Rev. B 65, 214418 (2002

### Charge 4/3 leptons in cosmic rays

A cosmic ray counter telescope has been operated at zenith angles of 0, 40, 44, and 60 degs in order to look for charge 4/3 particles. A few million clean single cosmic rays of each zenith angle are analyzed

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