210 research outputs found

    Soft gluons at large angles in hadron collisions

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    A general discussion is presented of the single logarithmic soft factor that appears in two scale QCD observables in processes involving four partons. We treat it as the ``fifth form factor'', accompanying the four collinear singular Sudakov form factors attached to colliding and outgoing hard partons. The fifth form factor is expressed in terms of the Casimir operators (squared colour charges) of irreducible representations in the crossing tt- and uu-channels. As an application we revisit the problem of large angle radiation in gg‚Üígggg\to gg and give a relatively simple solution and interpretation of the results. We found an unexpected symmetry of the soft anomalous dimension under exchange of internal and external variables of the problem whose existence calls for explanation.Comment: 29 pages, pictures generated with feynmf graphic packag

    Local charge compensation from colour preconfinement as a key to the dynamics of hadronization

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    If, as is commonly accepted, the colour-singlet, `preconfined', perturbative clusters are the primary units of hadronization, then the electric charge is necessarily compensated locally at the scale of the typical cluster mass. As a result, the minijet electric charge is suppressed at scales that are greater than the cluster mass. We hence argue, and demonstrate by means of Monte Carlo simulations using HERWIG, that the scale at which charge compensation is violated is close to the mass of the clusters involved in hadronization, and its measurement would provide a clue to resolving the nature of the dynamics. We repeat the calculation using PYTHIA and find that the numbers produced by the two generators are similar. The cluster mass distribution is sensitive to soft emission that is considered unresolved in the parton shower phase. We discuss how the description of the splitting of large clusters in terms of unresolved emission modifies the algorithm of HERWIG, and relate the findings to the yet unknown underlying nonperturbative mechanism. In particular, we propose a form of őĪS\alpha_S that follows from a power-enhanced beta function, and discuss how this őĪS\alpha_S that governs unresolved emission may be related to power corrections. Our findings are in agreement with experimental data.Comment: 37 pages, 20 figure

    Systematic study of the jet fragmentation function for inclusive jet-production in p+p collisions at sqrt{s}=200 GeV in STAR

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    Jet fragmentation functions measured in e^+e^- and p+\bar{p} experiments are well-described on an inclusive hadron level by QCD-based calculations. Fragmentation is expected to be modified by the presence of a strongly interacting medium, but full theoretical description of this modification must still be developed. It has recently been suggested that particle-identified fragmentation functions may provide additional insight into the processes underlying jet quenching. To assess the applicability of QCD-based fragmentation calculations to RHIC data, and to provide a baseline with which to compare fragmentation function measurements in heavy ion collisions, we present the first measurements of charged hadron and particle-identified fragmentation functions of jets reconstructed via a midpoint-cone algorithm from p+p collisions at 200 GeV in STAR. We study the dependence on jet cone-size and jet-energy, and compare the results to PYTHIA simulations based on the Modified Leading Log Approximation (MLLA).Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures, proceedings of Hard Probes 2008 conferenc

    On large angle multiple gluon radiation

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    Jet shape observables which involve measurements restricted to a part of phase space are sensitive to multiplication of soft gluon with large relative angles and give rise to specific single logarithmically enhanced (SL) terms (non-global logs). We consider associated distributions in two variables which combine measurement of a jet shape V in the whole phase space (global) and that of the transverse energy flow away from the jet direction, Eout (non-global). We show that associated distributions factorize into the global distribution in V and a factor that takes into account SL contributions from multi-gluon ``hedgehog'' configurations in all orders. The latter is the same that describes the single-variable Eout distribution, but evaluated at a rescaled energy VQ.Comment: 16 page

    Gluon Distribution Functions in the kT-factorization Approach

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    At small x, the effects of finite transverse momenta of partons inside a hadron become increasingly important, especially in analyses of jets and heavy-quark production. These effects can be systematically accounted for in a formalism based on kT-factorization and unintegrated distribution functions. We present results for the unintegrated distribution function, together with the corresponding integrated one, obtained within the framework of the Linked Dipole Chain model. Comparisons are made to results obtained within other approaches

    Azimuthal correlation in DIS

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    We introduce the azimuthal correlation for the deep inelastic scattering process. We present the QCD prediction to the level of next-to-leading log resummation, matching to the fixed order prediction. We also estimate the leading non-perturbative power correction. The observable is compared with the energy-energy correlation in e+e- annihilation, on which it is modelled. The effects of the resummation and of the leading power correction are both quite large. It would therefore be particularly instructive to study this observable experimentally.Comment: 33 pages, 4 figures, JHEP class included. One figure and some clarifications adde

    Single Inclusive Distribution and Two-Particle Correlations Inside One Jet at "Modified Leading Logarithmic Approximation" of Quantum Chromodynamics II : Steepest Descent Evaluation at Small X

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    The MLLA single inclusive distribution inside one high energy (gluon) jet at small x is estimated by the steepest descent method. Its analytical expression is obtained outside the "limiting spectrum". It is then used to evaluate 2-particle correlations at the same level of generality. The dependence of both observables on the ratio between the infrared cutoff Q\_0 and Lambda\_QCD is studied. Fong & Webber's results for correlations are recovered at the limits when this ratio goes to 1 and when one stays close to the peak of the single inclusive distribution.Comment: LaTeX, 22 pages, 18 .eps figure

    Scaling Rule for Nonperturbative Radiation in a Class of Event Shapes

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    We discuss nonperturbative radiation for a recently introduced class of infrared safe event shape weights, which describe the narrow-jet limit. Starting from next-to-leading logarithmic (NLL) resummation, we derive an approximate scaling rule that relates the nonperturbative shape functions for these weights to the shape function for the thrust. We argue that the scaling reflects the boost invariance implicit in NLL resummation, and discuss its limitations. In the absence of data analysis for the new event shapes, we compare these predictions to the output of the event generator PYTHIA.Comment: 23 pages, 3 figures, uses JHEP3.cls (included); v2 - version to appear in JHE

    Color evolution of 2 -> 3 processes

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    The color structure needed for resummation of all colored 2 -> 3 processes is calculated using multiplet inspired s-channel bases. In this way the resulting matrices, describing the color structure, are guaranteed to obey simplifying symmetries.Comment: 25 page

    Color structure for soft gluon resummation - a general recipe

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    A strategy for calculating the color structure needed for soft gluon resummation for processes with any number of colored partons is introduced using a N_c --> infinity inspired basis. In this basis a general formalism can be found at the same time as the calculations are simplified. The advantages are illustrated by recalculating the soft anomalous dimension matrix for the processes gg --> gg, q\qbar --> q \qbar g and q\qbar --> ggg.Comment: 16 page
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