62,051 research outputs found

    Learning arbitrary functions with spike-timing dependent plasticity learning rule

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    A neural network model based on spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STOP) learning rule, where afferent neurons will excite both the target neuron and interneurons that in turn project to the target neuron, is applied to the tasks of learning AND and XOR functions. Without inhibitory plasticity, the network can learn both AND and XOR functions. Introducing inhibitory plasticity can improve the performance of learning XOR function. Maintaining a training pattern set is a method to get feedback of network performance, and will always improve network performance. © 2005 IEEE

    Breakdown of adiabatic invariance in spherical tokamaks

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    Thermal ions in spherical tokamaks have two adiabatic invariants: the magnetic moment and the longitudinal invariant. For hot ions, variations in magnetic-field strength over a gyro period can become sufficiently large to cause breakdown of the adiabatic invariance. The magnetic moment is more sensitive to perturbations than the longitudinal invariant and there exists an intermediate regime, super-adiabaticity, where the longitudinal invariant remains adiabatic, but the magnetic moment does not. The motion of super-adiabatic ions remains integrable and confinement is thus preserved. However, above a threshold energy, the longitudinal invariant becomes non-adiabatic too, and confinement is lost as the motion becomes chaotic. We predict beam ions in present-day spherical tokamaks to be super-adiabatic but fusion alphas in proposed burning-plasma spherical tokamaks to be non-adiabatic.Comment: 6 pages, 8 figure

    Similarity-Aware Spectral Sparsification by Edge Filtering

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    In recent years, spectral graph sparsification techniques that can compute ultra-sparse graph proxies have been extensively studied for accelerating various numerical and graph-related applications. Prior nearly-linear-time spectral sparsification methods first extract low-stretch spanning tree from the original graph to form the backbone of the sparsifier, and then recover small portions of spectrally-critical off-tree edges to the spanning tree to significantly improve the approximation quality. However, it is not clear how many off-tree edges should be recovered for achieving a desired spectral similarity level within the sparsifier. Motivated by recent graph signal processing techniques, this paper proposes a similarity-aware spectral graph sparsification framework that leverages efficient spectral off-tree edge embedding and filtering schemes to construct spectral sparsifiers with guaranteed spectral similarity (relative condition number) level. An iterative graph densification scheme is introduced to facilitate efficient and effective filtering of off-tree edges for highly ill-conditioned problems. The proposed method has been validated using various kinds of graphs obtained from public domain sparse matrix collections relevant to VLSI CAD, finite element analysis, as well as social and data networks frequently studied in many machine learning and data mining applications

    Performance evaluation of channel estimation techniques for MIMO-OFDM systems with adaptive sub-carrier allocation

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