293 research outputs found

### A numeric solution for metric-affine gravity and Einstein's gravitational theory with Proca matter

A special case of metric-affine gauge theory of gravity (MAG) is equivalent
to general relativity with Proca matter as source. We study in detail a
corresponding numeric solution of the Reissner-Nordstr"om type. It is static,
spherically symmetric, and of electric type. In particular, this solution has
no horizon, so it has a naked singularity as its origin.Comment: LaTeX2e, 20 pages, 22 figure

### Electrovac $pp$-waves

New exact solutions of the Einstein-Maxwell field equations that describe
$pp$-waves are presented

### A generalized photon propagator

A covariant gauge independent derivation of the generalized dispersion
relation of electromagnetic waves in a medium with local and linear
constitutive law is presented. A generalized photon propagator is derived. For
Maxwell constitutive tensor, the standard light cone structure and the standard
Feynman propagator are reinstated

### On the chiral anomaly in non-Riemannian spacetimes

The translational Chern-Simons type three-form coframe torsion on a
Riemann-Cartan spacetime is related (by differentiation) to the Nieh-Yan
four-form. Following Chandia and Zanelli, two spaces with non-trivial
translational Chern-Simons forms are discussed. We then demonstrate, firstly
within the classical Einstein-Cartan-Dirac theory and secondly in the quantum
heat kernel approach to the Dirac operator, how the Nieh-Yan form surfaces in
both contexts, in contrast to what has been assumed previously.Comment: 18 pages, RevTe

### Equivalence between various versions of the self-dual action of the Ashtekar formalism

Different aspects of the self-dual (anti-self-dual) action of the Ashtekar
canonical formalism are discussed. In particular, we study the equivalences and
differences between the various versions of such an action. Our analysis may be
useful for the development of an Ashtekar formalism in eight dimensions.Comment: 10 pages, Latex, minor correction

### A class of colliding waves in metric-affine gravity, nonmetricity and torsion shock waves

By using our recent generalization of the colliding waves concept to
metric-affine gravity theories, and also our generalization of the advanced and
retarded time coordinate representation in terms of Jacobi functions, we find a
general class of colliding wave solutions with fourth degree polynomials in
metric-affine gravity. We show that our general approach contains the standard
second degree polynomials colliding wave solutions as a particular case.Comment: 13 pages, latex, to appear in J.Math.Phy

### Critical Dynamics of a Two-dimensional Superfluid near a Non-Thermal Fixed Point

Critical dynamics of an ultracold Bose gas far from equilibrium is studied in
two spatial dimensions. Superfluid turbulence is created by quenching the
equilibrium state close to zero temperature. Instead of immediately
re-thermalizing, the system approaches a meta-stable transient state,
characterized as a non-thermal fixed point. A focus is set on the vortex
density and vortex-antivortex correlations which characterize the evolution
towards the non-thermal fixed point and the departure to final
(quasi-)condensation. Two distinct power-law regimes in the vortex-density
decay are found and discussed in terms of a vortex binding-unbinding transition
and a kinetic description of vortex scattering. A possible relation to decaying
turbulence in classical fluids is pointed out. By comparing the results to
equilibrium studies of a two-dimensional Bose gas, an intuitive understanding
of the location of the non-thermal fixed point in a reduced phase space is
developed.Comment: 11 pages, 13 figures; PRA versio

### Quadratic Lagrangians and Topology in Gauge Theory Gravity

We consider topological contributions to the action integral in a gauge
theory formulation of gravity. Two topological invariants are found and are
shown to arise from the scalar and pseudoscalar parts of a single integral.
Neither of these action integrals contribute to the classical field equations.
An identity is found for the invariants that is valid for non-symmetric Riemann
tensors, generalizing the usual GR expression for the topological invariants.
The link with Yang-Mills instantons in Euclidean gravity is also explored. Ten
independent quadratic terms are constructed from the Riemann tensor, and the
topological invariants reduce these to eight possible independent terms for a
quadratic Lagrangian. The resulting field equations for the parity
non-violating terms are presented. Our derivations of these results are
considerably simpler that those found in the literature

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