69,629 research outputs found

    Can cold quark matter be solid?

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    The state of cold quark matter really challenges both astrophysicists and particle physicists, even many-body physicists. It is conventionally suggested that BCS-like color superconductivity occurs in cold quark matter; however, other scenarios with a ground state rather than of Fermi gas could still be possible. It is addressed that quarks are dressed and clustering in cold quark matter at realistic baryon densities of compact stars, since a weakly coupling treatment of the interaction between constituent quarks would not be reliable. Cold quark matter is conjectured to be in a solid state if thermal kinematic energy is much lower than the interaction energy of quark clusters, and such a state could be relevant to different manifestations of pulsar-like compact stars.Comment: Proceedings of IWARA2009 (IJMP D

    Can the age discrepancies of neutron stars be circumvented by an accretion-assisted torque?

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    It is found that 1E 1207.4-5209 could be a low-mass bare strange star if its small radius or low altitude cyclotron formation can be identified. The age problems of five sources could be solved by a fossil-disk-assisted torque. The magnetic dipole radiation dominates the evolution of PSR B1757-24 at present, and the others are in propeller (or tracking) phases.Comment: ApJL accepted, or at http://vega.bac.pku.edu.cn/~rxxu/publications/index_P.ht

    Wind braking of magnetars: to understand magnetar's multiwave radiation properties

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    Magnetars are proposed to be peculiar neutron stars powered by their super strong magnetic field. Observationally, anomalous X-ray pulsars and soft gamma-ray repeaters are believed to be magnetar candidates. While more and more multiwave observations of magnetars are available, unfortunately, we see accumulating failed predictions of the traditional magnetar model. These challenges urge rethinking of magnetar. Wind braking of magnetars is one of the alternative modelings. The release of magnetic energy may generate a particle outflow (i.e., particle wind), that results in both an anomalous X-ray luminosity and significantly high spindown rate. In this wind braking scenario, only strong multipole field is necessary for a magnetar (a strong dipole field is no longer needed). Wind braking of magnetars may help us to understand their multiwave radiation properties, including (1) Non-detection of magnetars in Fermi-LAT observations, (2) The timing behaviors of low magnetic field magnetars, (3) The nature of anti-glitches, (4) The criterion for magnetar's radio emission, etc. In the wind braking model of magentars, timing events of magnetars should always be accompanied by radiative events. It is worth noting that the wind engine should be the central point in the research since other efforts with any reasonable energy mechanism may also reproduce the results.Comment: 6 pages, 1 figure, submitted to conference proceeding of SMFNS2013 (Strong electromagnetic field and neutron stars 2013