3,176 research outputs found

    Electric Character of Strange Stars

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    Using the Thomas-Fermi model, we investigated the electric characteristics of a static non-magnetized strange star without crust in this paper. The exact solutions of electron number density and electric field above the quark surface are obtained. These results are useful if we are concerned about physical processes near the quark matter surfaces of strange stars.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, LaTeX, Published in Chinese Physics Letters, Vol.16, p.77

    Constraining the Equation of State of Neutron Stars through GRB X-Ray Plateaus

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    The unknown equation of state (EoS) of neutron stars (NSs) is puzzling because of rich non-perturbative effects of strong interaction there. A method to constrain the EoS by using the detected X-ray plateaus of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is proposed in this paper. Observations show some GRB X-ray plateaus may be powered by strongly magnetized millisecond NSs. The properties of these NSs should then satisfy: (i) the spin-down luminosity of these NSs should be brighter than the observed luminosity of the X-ray plateaus; (ii) the total rotational energy of these NSs should be larger than the total energy of the X-ray plateaus. Through the case study of GRB 170714A, the moment of inertia of NSs is constrained as I>1.0×1045(Pcri1  ms)2  gcm2I>1.0\times 10^{45}\left ( \frac{P_{\rm cri}}{1\;\rm ms} \right )^{2} \;\rm g\cdot cm^{2}, where PcriP_{\rm cri} is the critical rotational period that an NS can achieve. The constraint of the radii of NSs according to GRB 080607 is shown in Table 1.Comment: 6 pages, 2 figute, The Astrophysical Journal, 886:87, 2019 December 1, https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab490

    Too massive neutron stars: The role of dark matter?

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    The maximum mass of a neutron star is generally determined by the equation of state of the star material. In this study, we take into account dark matter particles, assumed to behave like fermions with a free parameter to account for the interaction strength among the particles, as a possible constituent of neutron stars. We find dark matter inside the star would soften the equation of state more strongly than that of hyperons, and reduce largely the maximum mass of the star. However, the neutron star maximum mass is sensitive to the particle mass of dark matter, and a very high neutron star mass larger than 2 times solar mass could be achieved when the particle mass is small enough. Such kind of dark-matter- admixed neutron stars could explain the recent measurement of the Shapiro delay in the radio pulsar PSR J1614-2230, which yielded a neutron star mass of 2 times solar mass that may be hardly reached when hyperons are considered only, as in the case of the microscopic Brueckner theory. Furthermore, in this particular case, we point out that the dark matter around a neutron star should also contribute to the mass measurement due to its pure gravitational effect. However, our numerically calculation illustrates that such contribution could be safely ignored because of the usual diluted dark matter environment assumed. We conclude that a very high mass measurement of about 2 times solar mass requires a really stiff equation of state in neutron stars, and find a strong upper limit (<= 0.64 GeV) for the particle mass of non-self- annihilating dark matter based on the present model.Comment: Astroparticle Physics (2012) in Pres