17 research outputs found

    Reduced sensitivity to process, voltage and temperature variations in activated perpendicular magnetic tunnel junctions based stochastic devices

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    True random number generators (TRNGs) are fundamental building blocks for many applications, such as cryptography, Monte Carlo simulations, neuromorphic computing, and probabilistic computing. While perpendicular magnetic tunnel junctions (pMTJs) based on low-barrier magnets (LBMs) are natural sources of TRNGs, they tend to suffer from device-to-device variability, low speed, and temperature sensitivity. Instead, medium-barrier magnets (MBMs) operated with nanosecond pulses - denoted, stochastic magnetic actuated random transducer (SMART) devices - are potentially superior candidates for such applications. We present a systematic analysis of spin-torque-driven switching of MBM-based pMTJs (Eb ~ 20 - 40 kBT) as a function of pulse duration (1 ps to 1 ms), by numerically solving their macrospin dynamics using a 1-D Fokker-Planck equation. We investigate the impact of voltage, temperature, and process variations (MTJ dimensions and material parameters) on the switching probability of the device. Our findings indicate SMART devices activated by short-duration pulses (< 1 ns) are much less sensitive to process-voltage-temperature (PVT) variations while consuming lower energy (~ fJ) than the same devices operated with longer pulses. Our results show a path toward building fast, energy-efficient, and robust TRNG hardware units for solving optimization problems.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figure

    Anatomy of nanomagnetic switching at a 3D topological insulator PN junction

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    Abstract A P-N junction engineered within a Dirac cone system acts as a gate tunable angular filter based on Klein tunneling. For a 3D topological insulator with a substantial bandgap, such a filter can produce a charge-to-spin conversion due to the dual effects of spin-momentum locking and momentum filtering. We analyze how spins filtered at an in-plane topological insulator PN junction (TIPNJ) interact with a nanomagnet, and argue that the intrinsic charge-to-spin conversion does not translate to an external gain if the nanomagnet also acts as the source contact. Regardless of the nanomagnet’s position, the spin torque generated on the TIPNJ is limited by its surface current density, which in turn is limited by the bulk bandgap. Using quantum kinetic models, we calculated the spatially varying spin potential and quantified the localization of the current versus the applied bias. Additionally, with the magnetodynamic simulation of a soft magnet, we show that the PN junction can offer a critical gate tunability in the switching probability of the nanomagnet, with potential applications in probabilistic neuromorphic computing

    Detection method of combustion oscillation characteristics under strong noise background

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    After the lean fuel premixed combustion technology is applied to aero engines, severe combustion oscillations will be cased and led to hidden safety hazards such as engine vibration, further energy waste and other problems. Therefore, it is increasingly important to actively control combustion oscillations. In this paper, a multispectral radiation thermometry (MRT) is used to analyze the hydroxyl group, which is a measurable research object in the combustion chamber of an aero engine, and to fit the functional relationship between the radiation intensity ratio and the temperature in different bands. The theoretical value of the error is <2%. At the same time, in order to solve the problem of weak detection signal and excessive interference signal, an improved frequency domain filtering method based on fast Fourier transform is designed. Besides, the FPGA platform is used to ensure the real-time performance of the temperature measurement system, and simulations and experiments are performed. An oscillating signal with an oscillation frequency of 315 Hz is obtained on the established test platform, and the error is only 1.42%