17 research outputs found

    Effect of PCN on <i>B</i>. <i>cinerea</i> mycelia growth.

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    <p>Note: Mean values ± SD followed by different letters indicate significantly different scores in the same phase, according to Duncan’s multiple range tests at the P = 0.05 level.</p><p>Effect of PCN on <i>B</i>. <i>cinerea</i> mycelia growth.</p

    Inhibitory effect of PCN against <i>B</i>. <i>cinerea</i> (plate growth rate method).

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    <p>Note: (a): CK; (b): CBM (101.39 μg/mL); (c): PCN (108.12 μg/mL).</p

    Control effect of PCN against <i>B</i>. <i>cinerea</i>.

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    <p>Note: Mean values ± SD followed by different letters indicate significantly different scores in the same phase, according to Duncan’s multiple range tests at the P = 0.05 level.</p><p>Control effect of PCN against <i>B</i>. <i>cinerea</i>.</p

    Effects of PCN on <i>B</i>. <i>cinerea</i> toxin.

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    <p>Note: Mean values ± SD followed by different letters indicate significantly different scores in the same phase, according to Duncan’s multiple range tests at the P = 0.05 level.</p

    Effects of PCN on <i>B</i>. <i>cinerea</i> cell wall-degrading enzyme (PMG PG BG and Cx) activities.

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    <p>Note: Mean values ± SD followed by different letters indicate significantly different scores in the same phase, according to Duncan’s multiple range tests at the P = 0.05 level.</p

    Scanning electron microscopy of the morphology of mycelia exposed to PCN.

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    <p>(a, b, and c) Healthy mycelia in control Petri plates. (d, e, and f) Effects of PCN at 108.12 μg/mL on hyphal morphology. (a) 500x, (b) 1000x and (c) 5000x: control mycelia; (d) 500x, (e) 1000x and (f) 5000x: treated mycelia.</p

    Control effect of PCN against <i>B</i>. <i>cinerea</i> in field.

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    <p>Note: Mean values ± SD followed by different letters indicate significantly different scores in the same phase, according to Duncan’s multiple range tests at the P = 0.05 level.</p><p>Control effect of PCN against <i>B</i>. <i>cinerea</i> in field.</p

    Effect of PCN against <i>B</i>. <i>cinerea</i> spore germination.

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    <p>Note: Mean values ± SD followed by different letters indicate significantly different scores in the same phase, according to Duncan’s multiple range tests at the P = 0.05 level.</p><p>Effect of PCN against <i>B</i>. <i>cinerea</i> spore germination.</p

    Transmission electron microscopy of hyphal ultrastructures in mycelia exposed to PCN.

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    <p>(a, b and c) Healthy mycelia in control Petri plates. (d, e and f) Effects of PCN concentration at 108.12 μg/mL on hyphal ultrastructure. (a) 5000x, (b) 10000x, and (c) 50000x, control mycelia; (d) 5000x, (e) 10000x and (f) 50000x: treated mycelia.</p

    Toxicity and inhibition of PCN against <i>B</i>. <i>cinerea</i>.

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    <p>Note: Mean values ± SD followed by different letters indicate significantly different scores in the same phase, according to Duncan’s multiple range tests at the P = 0.05 level.</p><p>Toxicity and inhibition of PCN against <i>B</i>. <i>cinerea</i>.</p
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