21,772 research outputs found

    Superfluid response in electron-doped cuprate superconductors

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    We propose a weakly coupled two-band model with dx2y2d_{x^2-y^2} pairing symmetry to account for the anomalous temperature dependence of superfluid density ρs\rho_s in electron-doped cuprate superconductors. This model gives a unified explanation to the presence of a upward curvature in ρs\rho_s near TcT_c and a weak temperature dependence of ρs\rho_s in low temperatures. Our work resolves a discrepancy in the interpretation of different experimental measurements and suggests that the pairing in electron-doped cuprates has predominately dx2y2d_{x^2-y^2} symmetry in the whole doping range.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, title changed and references adde

    Unsupervised learning of generative topic saliency for person re-identification

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    (c) 2014. The copyright of this document resides with its authors. It may be distributed unchanged freely in print or electronic forms.© 2014. The copyright of this document resides with its authors. Existing approaches to person re-identification (re-id) are dominated by supervised learning based methods which focus on learning optimal similarity distance metrics. However, supervised learning based models require a large number of manually labelled pairs of person images across every pair of camera views. This thus limits their ability to scale to large camera networks. To overcome this problem, this paper proposes a novel unsupervised re-id modelling approach by exploring generative probabilistic topic modelling. Given abundant unlabelled data, our topic model learns to simultaneously both (1) discover localised person foreground appearance saliency (salient image patches) that are more informative for re-id matching, and (2) remove busy background clutters surrounding a person. Extensive experiments are carried out to demonstrate that the proposed model outperforms existing unsupervised learning re-id methods with significantly simplified model complexity. In the meantime, it still retains comparable re-id accuracy when compared to the state-of-the-art supervised re-id methods but without any need for pair-wise labelled training data

    Quantifying and Transferring Contextual Information in Object Detection

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    (c) 2012 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other work

    Low Temperature Superfluid Response of High-Tc Superconductors

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    We have reviewed our theoretical and experimental results of the low temperature superfluid response function of high temperature superconductors (HTSC). In clean high-Tc materials the in-plane superfluid density rho_s^{ab} varies linearly with temperature. The slope of this linear T term is found to scale approximately with 1/Tc which, according to the weak coupling BCS theory for a d-wave superconductor, implies that the gap amplitude scales approximately with Tc. A T^5 behavior of the out-of-plane superfluid density rho_s^c for clean tetragonal HTSC was predicted and observed experimentally in the single layer Hg-compound HgBa_2CuO_{4+delta}. In other tetragonal high-Tc compounds with relatively high anisotropy, such as Hg_2Ba_2Ca_2Cu_3O_{8+delta}, rho_s^c varies as T^2 due to disorder effects. In optimally doped YBa_2Cu_3O_{7-delta}, rho_s^c varies linearly with temperature at low temperatures, but in underdoped YBa_2Cu_3O_{7-delta}, rho_s^c varies as T^2 at low temperatures; these results are consistent with our theoretical calculations.Comment: 26 pages, 8 figure

    Optimizing Hartree-Fock orbitals by the density-matrix renormalization group

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    We have proposed a density-matrix renormalization group (DMRG) scheme to optimize the one-electron basis states of molecules. It improves significantly the accuracy and efficiency of the DMRG in the study of quantum chemistry or other many-fermion system with nonlocal interactions. For a water molecule, we find that the ground state energy obtained by the DMRG with only 61 optimized orbitals already reaches the accuracy of best quantum Monte Carlo calculation with 92 orbitals.Comment: published version, 4 pages, 4 figure