5 research outputs found

    Targeted Pyroptosis Is a Potential Therapeutic Strategy for Cancer

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    As a type of regulated cell death (RCD) mode, pyroptosis plays an important role in several kinds of cancers. Pyroptosis is induced by different stimuli, whose pathways are divided into the canonical pathway and the noncanonical pathway depending on the formation of the inflammasomes. The canonical pathway is triggered by the assembly of inflammasomes, and the activation of caspase-1 and then the cleavage of effector protein gasdermin D (GSDMD) are promoted. While in the noncanonical pathway, the caspase-4/5/11 (caspase 4/5 in humans and caspase 11 in mice) directly cleave GSDMD without the assembly of inflammasomes. Pyroptosis is involved in various cancers, such as lung cancer, gastric cancer, hepatic carcinoma, breast cancer, and colorectal carcinoma. Pyroptosis in gastric cancer, hepatic carcinoma, breast cancer, and colorectal carcinoma is related to the canonical pathway, while both the canonical and noncanonical pathway participate in lung cancer. Moreover, simvastatin, metformin, and curcumin have effect on these cancers and simultaneously promote the pyroptosis of cancer cells. Accordingly, pyroptosis may be an important therapeutic target for cancer

    Facile growth of aluminum oxide thin film by chemical liquid deposition and its application in devices

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    Uniform and continuous Al2O3 thin films were prepared by the chemical liquid deposition (CLD) method. The breakdown field strength of the amorphous CLD-Al2O3 film is 1.74 MV/cm, making it could be used as a candidate dielectric film for electronic devices. It was further proposed to use the CLD-Al2O3 film as an electron blocking layer in a triboelectric nanogenerator (TENG) for output performances enhancement. Output voltages and currents of about 200 V and 9 µA were obtained, respectively, which were 2.6 times and 3 times, respectively, higher than TENG device without an Al2O3. A colloidal condensation-based procedure controlled by adjusting the pH value of the solution was proposed to be the mechanism of CLD, which was confirmed by the Tyndall effect observed in the growth liquid. The results indicated that the CLD could serve as a low-cost, room temperature, nontoxic and facile new method for the growth of functional thin films for semiconductor device applications