93,574 research outputs found

    AI for public health: Self-screening for eye diseases

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    A software-based visual-field testing (perimetry) system is described which incorporates several AI components, including machine learning, an intelligent user interface and pattern discovery. This system has been successfully used for self-screening in several different public environment

    Adsorption, Segregation and Magnetization of a Single Mn Adatom on the GaAs (110) Surface

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    Density functional calculations with a large unit cell have been conducted to investigate adsorption, segregation and magnetization of Mn monomer on GaAs(110). The Mn adatom is rather mobile along the trench on GaAs(110), with an energy barrier of 0.56 eV. The energy barrier for segregation across the trenches is nevertheless very high, 1.67 eV. The plots of density of states display a wide gap in the majority spin channel, but show plenty of metal-induced gap states in the minority spin channel. The Mn atoms might be invisibl in scanning tunneling microscope (STM) images taken with small biases, due to the directional p-d hybridization. For example, one will more likely see two bright spots on Mn/GaAs(110), despite the fact that there is only one Mn adatom in the system

    GRB 030226 in a Density-Jump Medium

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    We present an explanation for the unusual temporal feature of the GRB 030226 afterglow. The R-band afterglow of this burst faded as ~ t^{-1.2} in ~ 0.2 days after the burst, rebrightened during the period of ~ 0.2 - 0.5 days, and then declined with ~ t^{-2.0}. To fit such a light curve, we consider an ultrarelativistic jetted blast wave expanding in a density-jump medium. The interaction of the blast wave with a large density jump produces relativistic reverse and forward shocks. In this model, the observed rebrightening is due to emissions from these newly forming shocks, and the late-time afterglow is caused by sideways expansion of the jet. Our fitting implies that the progenitor star of GRB 030226 could have produced a stellar wind with a large density jump prior to the GRB onset.Comment: 9 pages, 1 figure, accepted for publication in ApJ Letter

    On various definitions of shadowing with average error in tracing

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