28,828 research outputs found

    From N=2 Supergravity to Constrained Moduli Spaces

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    In this talk we review some results concerning a mechanism for reducing the moduli space of a topological field theory to a proper submanifold of the ordinary moduli space. Such mechanism is explicitly realized in the example of constrained topological gravity, obtained by topologically twisting the N=2 Liouville theory.Comment: (Talk given at the Trieste Workshop on String Theory, April 1994) LaTeX file, 17 pages, SISSA 66/94/EP, IFUM 470/F

    Vector Multiplets and the Phases of N = 2 Theories in 2D Through the Looking Glass

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    We extend Witten's discussion of actions related to the Landau-Ginzburg description of Calabi-Yau hypersurfaces in weighted projective spaces to cover the mirror class of models that include twisted chiral matter multiplets and a newly discovered 2D, N = 2 twisted vector multiplet. Certain integrability obstructions are observed that constrain the most general constructions containing both matter and twisted matter simultaneously. It is conjectured that knot invariants will ultimately play a role in describing the most general such model.Comment: 11 page

    Gauge Fields and D-branes

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    We prove that self-dual gauge fields in type I superstring theory are equivalent to configurations of Dirichlet 5-branes, by showing that the world-sheet theory of a Dirichlet 1-brane moving in a background of 5-branes includes an ``ADHM sigma model.'' This provides an explicit construction of the equivalent self-dual gauge field. We also discuss type II.Comment: harvmac, 9p

    Anticommutativity Equation in Topological Quantum Mechanics

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    We consider topological quantum mechanics as an example of topological field theory and show that its special properties lead to numerous interesting relations for topological corellators in this theory. We prove that the generating function F\mathcal{F} for thus corellators satisfies the anticommutativity equation (D−F)2=0(\mathcal{D}- \mathcal{F})^2=0. We show that the commutativity equation [dB,dB]=0[dB,dB]=0 could be considered as a special case of the anticommutativity equation.Comment: 6 pages, no figures, Late

    Monopole Condensates in Seiberg-Witten Theory

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    A product of two Riemann surfaces of genuses p_1 and p_2 solves the Seiberg-Witten monopole equations for a constant Weyl spinor that represents a monopole condensate. Self-dual electromagnetic fields require p_1=p_2=p and provide a solution of the euclidean Einstein-Maxwell-Dirac equations with p-1 magnetic vortices in one surface and the same number of electric vortices in the other. The monopole condensate plays the role of cosmological constant. The virtual dimension of the moduli space is zero, showing that for given p_1 and p_2, the solutions are unique.Comment: 10 page

    Topological Massive Sigma Models

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    In this paper we construct topological sigma models which include a potential and are related to twisted massive supersymmetric sigma models. Contrary to a previous construction these models have no central charge and do not require the manifold to admit a Killing vector. We use the topological massive sigma model constructed here to simplify the calculation of the observables. Lastly it is noted that this model can be viewed as interpolating between topological massless sigma models and topological Landau-Ginzburg models.Comment: 20 pages, Phyzzx. Revised version to appear in Nucl. Phys. B. The construction of the model is clarified and there are a few minor change

    The Mathai-Quillen Formalism and Topological Field Theory

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    These lecture notes give an introductory account of an approach to cohomological field theory due to Atiyah and Jeffrey which is based on the construction of Gaussian shaped Thom forms by Mathai and Quillen. Topics covered are: an explanation of the Mathai-Quillen formalism for finite dimensional vector bundles; the definition of regularized Euler numbers of infinite dimensional vector bundles; interpretation of supersymmetric quantum mechanics as the regularized Euler number of loop space; the Atiyah-Jeffrey interpretation of Donaldson theory; the construction of topological gauge theories from infinite dimensional vector bundles over spaces of connections.Comment: 34 a4.sty pages (Notes of lectures given at the Karpacz Winter School on `Infinite Dimensional Geometry in Physics', 17-27 February 1992

    The d=6, (2,0)-tensor multiplet coupled to self-dual strings

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    We show that the central charges that group theory allows in the (2,0) supersymmetry translations algebra arise from a string and a 3-brane by commuting two supercharges. We show that the net force between two such parallel strings vanishes. We show that all the coupling constants are fixed numbers, due to supersymmetry, and self-duality of the three-form field strength. We obtain a charge quantization for the self-dual field strength, and show that when compactifying on a two-torus, it reduces to the usual quantization condition of N=4 SYM with gauge group SU(2), and with coupling constant and theta angle given by the tau-parameter of the two-torus, provided that we pick that chiral theory which corresponds to a theta function with zero characteristics, as expected on manifolds of this form.Comment: 18 pages, reference adde

    Global U(1) R-Symmetry And Conformal Invariance Of (0,2) Models

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    We derive a condition under which (0,2) linear sigma models possess a ``left-moving'' conformal stress tensor in \bq cohomology (i.e. which leaves invariant the ``right-moving'' ground states) even away from their critical points. At the classical level this enforces quasihomogeneity of the superpotential terms. The persistence of this structure at the quantum level on the worldsheet is obstructed by an anomaly unless the charges and superpotential degrees satisfy a condition which is equivalent to the condition for the cancellation of the anomaly in a particular ``right-moving'' U(1) R-symmetry.Comment: 8 page

    On mixed phases in gauge theories

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    In many gauge theories at different values of parameters entering Lagrangian, the vacuum is dominated by coherent condensates of different mutually non-local fields (for instance, by condensates of electric or magnetic charges, or by various dyons). It is argued that the transition between these "dual to each other" phases proceeds through the intermediate "mixed phase", having qualitatively different features. The examples considered include: ordinary YM, N=1 SYM, N=1 SQCD, and broken N=2 SYM and SQCD.Comment: Latex, 19 pages; Talk given at "Continuous Advances in QCD-2002/Arkadyfest", honoring the 60-th birthday of Arkady Vainshtein; 17-23 May 2002, University of Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA; v.3: the extended and improved versio
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