352 research outputs found

    Mastery-Based-Learning to Study Anxiety and Belonging in Circuit Analysis

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    Anxiety and lack of belonging are two major obstacles college students face. These obstacles are more likely to impact students in demanding degree programs like engineering, predominantly underrepresented students. Mastery-based-learning (MBL) could lower students’ anxiety levels and increase their sense of belonging in the classroom. In MBL course structure, instructors identify key skills and students have several attempts to demonstrate mastery of these skill. Students are not required to attempt the next skill until they are proficient in the previous. To demonstrate the impacts of MBL, a survey will be given to students throughout the semester to gage their anxiety and belonging. These surveys will be distributed during the Fall 2022 among students taking the traditional course and in subsequent semesters after the course has transitioned to MBL. In preparation for this study, we identified key skills, developed a new grading structure, and created a schedule for the course

    Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities in Incarcerated Populations

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    Alarming disparities in population health and wellness in the United States have led to multi-disciplinary research efforts to create health equity. Identifying disparities, elucidating the etiological bases of disparities, and implementing solutions to eliminate disparities are part of the U.S. national health agenda. Racial and ethnic disparities have been identified throughout the cancer control continuum, in cardiovascular disease, diabetes and a multitude of other conditions. The causes of disparities are complex, condition specific, and conjectured to result from combinations of biological and socio-behavioral factors. Racial and ethnic health disparities within the vast incarcerated communities have been excluded from most studies, yet are of significant ethical and fiscal concern to inmates, governing bodies, and non-incarcerated communities into which inmates return. Importantly, research on racial and ethnic disparities in this unique population may shed light on the relative etiologies of health disparities and solutions for creating health equity throughout the general population in the United States

    Electronic Health Records: All That They’re Chalked Up To Be?

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    Introduction. The United States faces a challenge: how to improve access to healthcare with an aging physician workforce. An aging baby boomer population prompts higher medical demands, further heightening this challenge. Although measures to increase the longevity of practice for older physicians could help address this challenge, the federal government has lacked to create such policy. Methods. This study looked at the role of electronic health records and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act in the ability of primary care physicians to continue practice through in-depth qualitative interviews. A total of N=5 interviews were conducted in-person and remotely using a set of standard questions. Interview data were coded and thematic analyses were used to derive data themes around the mandate’s impact on their practice with specific regards to the implementation of electronic health record systems. Results. Five physicians participated in the interviews, all of whom were over age 55. The participants noted that they incurred both financial and interpersonal stress from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act’s mandate. The participants highlighted that electronic health records impaired the relationships with their patients and factored into their expected length of practice. Conclusion. Legislators should consider the impact electronic health record policy has on older physician’s ability to practice medicine. Eliminating the penalty for paper charts in older physician practices could remove financial stress and thus potentially increase length of careers and improve community healthcare access. Future research is needed to determine approaches that best mitigate electronic health record induced barriers to a strong physician-patient connection

    The Affective Domain and the Intersection of Learning in Emergency Medical Technician Paramedic Education

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    Bloom identified three separate domains for learning: the psychomotor, cognitive, and affective domains. In this thesis, I propose that for paramedic education, the affective domain is not a domain to master equal to the psychomotor and cognitive domains, but must be mastered prior to the other domains in order to fully optimize learning. I propose that students must have a basic ability to apply the skills of the affective domain, and unlike the other domains, mastery of the almost the entire domain must be achieved before a student can complete the two other domains to be successful in a Paramedic class. While there is not much research in the Paramedic field about what makes a successful student, or career paramedic, there is more research on these topics in other disciplines. This thesis will look at research studies in other medical disciplines, reviewing the characteristics and traits of successful and unsuccessful students and correlate them to the Affective Domain as defined in the Paramedic curriculum to show the necessity of the Affective Domain skills prior to the Cognitive and Psychomotor components. It will compare the current National curriculum guidelines for the Affective Domain and associate them with specific examples necessary to successfully complete a Paramedic class. In addition, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs Is reviewed in relation to v a student’s ability to attain success as a graduate and the character traits of environment. Finally, suggestions for optimizing the student’s affective domain skills as quickly as possible once they enter Paramedic class will be discussed

    The Geography of Opiate Addiction, Overdose, and Treatment in Tennessee

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    Opioid addiction and overdose has become a national epidemic in the United States over the past 30 years. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 20,000 Americans died from prescription drugs alone in 2014. Tennessee ranks especially high in the number of opioid prescriptions and overdoses when compared to the rest of the US. The Volunteer State is one of only 13 where doctors issued between 96-143 opioid prescriptions per 100 people. This project maps opiate prescription rates and overdose death rates in Tennessee to identify trends in the geospatial, socioeconomic, and demographic makeup of victims, and plots the locations of opiate-addiction treatment centers to assess their accessibility in hotspots of opiate abuse. While the opioid epidemic has plagued all of Tennesseans, the data proves that four counties in a fairly isolated and depressed area in the northeastern region have been significantly affected and have few options for meaningful detox and treatment programs. Our queen’s method hotspot analysis in ArcMap reveals that 4 adjacent counties – Anderson, Campbell, Knox, and Union – saw the highest rate of prescriptions written and the highest rate of overdose deaths. Outpatient and office-based opiate abuse treatment facilities exist across the region, but they are spatially limited, have low capacities, and offer minimal support. The closest inpatient facilities are located only in cities such as Knoxville, Kingsport, and Johnson City, the closest of which can be over an hour away for some residents along the fringes of the region

    Antibiotic Resistance

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    Antibiotics have been so widely used across the world that organisms have evolved and adapted to them, causing the drug to be less effective. Professionals do not know how to adapt because the bacteria keeps evolving to become resistant against the antibiotics.https://digitalcommons.cedarville.edu/public_health_posters/1014/thumbnail.jp

    What is STEM Education?

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    Why social pain can live on: Different neural mechanisms are associated with reliving social and physical pain

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    Although social and physical pain recruit overlapping neural activity in regions associated with the affective component of pain, the two pains can diverge in their phenomenology. Most notably, feelings of social pain can be re-experienced or relived, even when the painful episode has long passed, whereas feelings of physical pain cannot be easily relived once the painful episode subsides. Here, we observed that reliving social (vs. physical) pain led to greater self-reported re-experienced pain and greater activity in affective pain regions (dorsal anterior cingulate cortex and anterior insula). Moreover, the degree of relived pain correlated positively with affective pain system activity. In contrast, reliving physical (vs. social) pain led to greater activity in the sensory-discriminative pain system (primary and secondary somatosensory cortex and posterior insula), which did not correlate with relived pain. Preferential engagement of these different pain mechanisms may reflect the use of different top-down neurocognitive pathways to elicit the pain. Social pain reliving recruited dorsomedial prefrontal cortex, often associated with mental state processing, which functionally correlated with affective pain system responses. In contrast, physical pain reliving recruited inferior frontal gyrus, known to be involved in body state processing, which functionally correlated with activation in the sensory pain system. These results update the physical-social pain overlap hypothesis: while overlapping mechanisms support live social and physical pain, distinct mechanisms guide internally-generated pain. © 2015 Meyer et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited
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