6 research outputs found

    Time Will Reverse. Theaterhistoriografische Ăśberlegungen zu Ontroerend Goeds A History of Everything

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    Performance, Theater, Geschichte, Historiografie, Ontroerend GoedPerformance, Theatre, History, Historiography, Ontroerend Goe

    Performative ErMittlung von Meinungen und Positionen auf den Spielwiesen des Globalen. Ăśberlegungen zu Fight Night von Ontroerend Goed und The Border Project

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    "It has often been said that you can’t have a show without an audience and tonight that is more true than ever. Because tonight we will not only need your eyes and ears but at the center of everything will be your voice." Diese Aufforderung, das szenische Geschehen durch Stimmabgabe mitzulenken, läutet das performative Wortgefecht Fight Night (2013) ein, eine global tourende Koproduktion von Ontroerend Goed und The Border Project. Fünf Kandidat_innen steigen in den Ring und werden vom Publikum nach und nach herausgewählt. Dieses wird aber nicht dazu aufgefordert, die Stimme hörbar zu erheben. Vielmehr erfolgt eine elektronische Erfassung über Abstimmgeräte, die vor der Vorstellung ausgegeben werden. Anstatt Wahlprogramme zu formulieren, bauen die Kandidierenden auf Präsenz, intuitive Sympathie und Glaubwürdigkeit, wodurch eine statistische Erfassung situativer Stimmungsbilder erfolgt, die dann in ein gemitteltes Wahlergebnis überführt werden. In dem sich dabei entfaltenden Spiel um Meinungs- und Mehrheitsbildung, Abstimmen und Umstimmen, Manipulation und Wahlfreiheit stellt sich  zunehmend die Frage nach dem Gewicht der eigenen Stimme

    Management of Suspected Cases of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx) During an International Translocation Program.

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    The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) population in Switzerland serves as a source for reintroductions in neighboring countries. In 2016-2017, three lynx from the same geographical area were found seropositive for feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) in the framework of an international translocation program. This novel finding raised questions about the virus origin and pathogenicity to lynx, the emerging character of the infection, and the interpretation of serological results in other lynx caught for translocation. Archived serum samples from 84 lynx captured in 2001-2016 were retrospectively tested for FIV antibodies by Western blot. All archived samples were FIV-negative. The three seropositive lynx were monitored in quarantine enclosures prior to euthanasia and necropsy. They showed disease signs, pathological findings, and occurrence of co-infections reminding of those described in FIV-infected domestic cats. All attempts to isolate and characterize the virus failed but serological data and spatiotemporal proximity of the cases suggested emergence of a lentivirus with antigenic and pathogenic similarities to FIV in the Swiss lynx population. A decision scheme was developed to minimize potential health risks posed by FIV infection, both in the recipient and source lynx populations, considering conservation goals, animal welfare, and the limited action range resulting from local human conflicts. Development and implementation of a cautious decision scheme was particularly challenging because FIV pathogenic potential in lynx was unclear, negative FIV serological results obtained within the first weeks after infection are unpredictable, and neither euthanasia nor repatriation of multiple lynx was acceptable options. The proposed scheme distinguished between three scenarios: release at the capture site, translocation, or euthanasia. Until April 2021, none of the 40 lynx newly captured in Switzerland tested FIV-seropositive. Altogether, seropositivity to FIV was documented in none of 124 lynx tested at their first capture, but three of them seroconverted in 2016-2017. Diagnosis of FIV infection in the three seropositive lynx remains uncertain, but clinical observations and pathological findings confirmed that euthanasia was appropriate. Our experiences underline the necessity to include FIV in pathogen screenings of free-ranging European wild felids, the importance of lynx health monitoring, and the usefulness of health protocols in wildlife translocation

    Sur Exposition – Sous Observation. Un instantané de la participation contemporaine à Berne

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    Stimme ab, nimm teil, teile Dich mit, sei dabei! Der Ruf nach Partizipation ist heute allgegenwärtig. Sind damit aber auch Räume wirkmächtiger Beteiligung und Entscheidung verbunden, oder handelt es sich um scheindemokratische Inszenierungsstrategien? Wer erhält nach welchen Spielregeln Zugang zu den (politischen) BĂĽhnen der Gegenwart?  Die heutige Landschaft performativer KĂĽnste hat sich zu einer Spielwiese ausdifferenzierter Partizipationsformen entwickelt. War das Theater im Laufe seiner langen Geschichte immer schon ein Ort der Teilhabe und Interaktion, wandelten sich mit den politischen Kontexten, den Machtdispositiven und medialen Verschiebungen stets die Rollen, Funktionen und Kommunikationsanordnungen des Publikums. So stehen heutige KĂĽnstler_innen vor der Aufgabe, theatrale Partizipation vor der Folie digitalisierter, globalisierter und mobilisierter Lebenswelten neu zu denken und nach Räumen und Beteiligungsformen zu suchen, mittels derer die performativen KĂĽnste ihr politisches, diskursives Potenzial entfalten können.  Entlang des assoziationsreichen Bedeutungsspektrums des Begriffs â€şoverexposure‹, den das internationale Theaterfestival AUAWIRLEBEN in Bern 2017 zum Motto gewählt hat, fragt der Beitrag nach den Wechselwirkungen performativer und gesellschaftlicher Partizipation im 21. Jahrhundert und legt neuralgische Punkte, WidersprĂĽchlichkeiten und Spannungsfelder offen, die eine Reperspektivierung des zeitgenössischen Publikumsbegriffs mit sich bringt.Go vote, take part, make yourself heard, get involved! Calls for participation are ubiquitous. But do such calls actually open up space for meaningful involvement and decision-making, or do they merely give the appearance of being democratic? Who is granted access to the (political) stages of today, and according to which rules? The Performing Arts landscape of today has developed into a playground of diverse forms of participation. Though theatre has always been a space of participation and interaction throughout its long history, the roles, functions, and configurations of audiences have changed with shifts in politics, power relations, and media technologies. Contemporary artists are now confronted with the task of having to reinvent audience participation in light of increased digitalization, globalization, and mobility. The Performing Arts are in need of new spaces and forms of participation in which to unfold their political, discursive potential.  Given the multiple connotations of the term ›overexposure‹, the chosen motto of the 2017 international theatre festival AUAWIRLEBEN in Bern, this paper examines the interplay of performative and social interaction in the 21st century and uncovers critical issues, contradictions, and tensions inherent in the re-conceptualisation of contemporary audiences.Allez voter, participez, faites-vous entendre, soyez de la partie ! De nos jours, l’appel Ă  la participation est omniprĂ©sent. Est-ce que cela inclut des espaces porteurs de participation et de pouvoir de dĂ©cision rĂ©els, ou est-ce qu’il s’agit au contraire de stratĂ©gies de mise en scène pseudodĂ©mocratiques ? Qui a accès aux scènes (politiques) contemporaines, et d’après quelles règles de jeu ? Le paysage actuel des arts performatifs s’est transformĂ© en un terrain d’essai des formes de participation les plus diffĂ©renciĂ©es. Le théâtre a Ă©tĂ© durant sa longue histoire toujours un lieu de participation et d’ interaction. Or, avec les contextes politiques changeants, des dispositifs du pouvoir et les dĂ©calages mĂ©diatiques, les rĂ´les, les fonctions et les règles de communication du public se sont transformĂ©s. Sur le fond des rĂ©alitĂ©s de vie numĂ©riques, globalisĂ©es et mobilisĂ©es, les artistes contemporains se voient confrontĂ©s au dĂ©fi de redĂ©finir la participation théâtrale et de rechercher des espaces et des formes de participation oĂą les arts performatifs pourraient dĂ©ployer leur potentiel politique et discursif. Cet article analyse les multiples associations qu’offre la notion de â€şoverexposure‹ (surexposition), que le festival international de théâtre AUAWIRLEBEN Ă  Berne a pris pour leitmotiv en 2017. L’auteure questionne les interactions entre participation performative et sociale au 21e siècle, et met en Ă©vidence les points nĂ©vralgiques, les contradictions et zones de tension que la redĂ©finition de la notion du public amène sur les scènes contemporaines

    Management of Suspected Cases of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx) During an International Translocation Program

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    The Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) population in Switzerland serves as a source for reintroductions in neighboring countries. In 2016-2017, three lynx from the same geographical area were found seropositive for feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) in the framework of an international translocation program. This novel finding raised questions about the virus origin and pathogenicity to lynx, the emerging character of the infection, and the interpretation of serological results in other lynx caught for translocation. Archived serum samples from 84 lynx captured in 2001-2016 were retrospectively tested for FIV antibodies by Western blot. All archived samples were FIV-negative. The three seropositive lynx were monitored in quarantine enclosures prior to euthanasia and necropsy. They showed disease signs, pathological findings, and occurrence of co-infections reminding of those described in FIV-infected domestic cats. All attempts to isolate and characterize the virus failed but serological data and spatiotemporal proximity of the cases suggested emergence of a lentivirus with antigenic and pathogenic similarities to FIV in the Swiss lynx population. A decision scheme was developed to minimize potential health risks posed by FIV infection, both in the recipient and source lynx populations, considering conservation goals, animal welfare, and the limited action range resulting from local human conflicts. Development and implementation of a cautious decision scheme was particularly challenging because FIV pathogenic potential in lynx was unclear, negative FIV serological results obtained within the first weeks after infection are unpredictable, and neither euthanasia nor repatriation of multiple lynx was acceptable options. The proposed scheme distinguished between three scenarios: release at the capture site, translocation, or euthanasia. Until April 2021, none of the 40 lynx newly captured in Switzerland tested FIV-seropositive. Altogether, seropositivity to FIV was documented in none of 124 lynx tested at their first capture, but three of them seroconverted in 2016-2017. Diagnosis of FIV infection in the three seropositive lynx remains uncertain, but clinical observations and pathological findings confirmed that euthanasia was appropriate. Our experiences underline the necessity to include FIV in pathogen screenings of free-ranging European wild felids, the importance of lynx health monitoring, and the usefulness of health protocols in wildlife translocation
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