9,108 research outputs found

    Evidence of an Internal Dissipation Origin for the High-energy Prompt Emission of GRB 170214A

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    The origin of the prompt high-energy (>100>100MeV) emission of Gamma-ray Bursts (GRBs), detected by the Large Area Telescope (LAT) on board the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, is still under debate, for which both the external shock origin and internal dissipation origin have been suggested. In the internal dissipation scenario, the high energy emission is expected to exhibit significant temporal variability, tracking the keV/MeV fast variable behavior. Here, we report a detailed analysis on the Fermi data of GRB~170214A, which is sufficiently bright in the high energy to enable a quantitative analysis of the correlation between high-energy emission and keV/MeV emission with high statistics. Our result shows a clear temporal correlation between high-energy and keV/MeV emission in the whole prompt emission phase as well as in two decomposed short time intervals. Such correlation behavior is also found in some other bright LAT GRBs, i.e., GRB 080916C, 090902B and 090926A. For these GRBs as well as GRB 090510, we also find the rapid temporal variability in the high-energy emission. We thus conclude that the prompt high-energy emission in these bright LAT GRBs should be due to internal origin.Comment: 12 pages, 4 figures, Accepted for publication in Ap

    Quantum Phase Transition in the Sub-Ohmic Spin-Boson Model: Extended Coherent-state Approach

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    We propose a general extended coherent state approach to the qubit (or fermion) and multi-mode boson coupling systems. The application to the spin-boson model with the discretization of a bosonic bath with arbitrary continuous spectral density is described in detail, and very accurate solutions can be obtained. The quantum phase transition in the nontrivial sub-Ohmic case can be located by the fidelity and the order-parameter critical exponents for the bath exponents s<1/2s<1/2 can be correctly given by the fidelity susceptibility, demonstrating the strength of the approach.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figure

    Quantum phase transitions in coupled two-level atoms in a single-mode cavity

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    The dipole-coupled two-level atoms(qubits) in a single-mode resonant cavity is studied by extended bosonic coherent states. The numerically exact solution is presented. For finite systems, the first-order quantum phase transitions occur at the strong interatomic interaction. Similar to the original Dicke model, this system exhibits a second-order quantum phase transition from the normal to the superradiant phases. Finite-size scaling for several observables, such as the average fidelity susceptibility, the order parameter, and concurrence are performed for different interatomic interactions. The obtained scaling exponents suggest that interatomic interactions do not change the universality class.Comment: 13 pages, 5 figure