187 research outputs found

    Multi-Label Zero-Shot Learning with Structured Knowledge Graphs

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    In this paper, we propose a novel deep learning architecture for multi-label zero-shot learning (ML-ZSL), which is able to predict multiple unseen class labels for each input instance. Inspired by the way humans utilize semantic knowledge between objects of interests, we propose a framework that incorporates knowledge graphs for describing the relationships between multiple labels. Our model learns an information propagation mechanism from the semantic label space, which can be applied to model the interdependencies between seen and unseen class labels. With such investigation of structured knowledge graphs for visual reasoning, we show that our model can be applied for solving multi-label classification and ML-ZSL tasks. Compared to state-of-the-art approaches, comparable or improved performances can be achieved by our method.Comment: CVPR 201

    FedBug: A Bottom-Up Gradual Unfreezing Framework for Federated Learning

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    Federated Learning (FL) offers a collaborative training framework, allowing multiple clients to contribute to a shared model without compromising data privacy. Due to the heterogeneous nature of local datasets, updated client models may overfit and diverge from one another, commonly known as the problem of client drift. In this paper, we propose FedBug (Federated Learning with Bottom-Up Gradual Unfreezing), a novel FL framework designed to effectively mitigate client drift. FedBug adaptively leverages the client model parameters, distributed by the server at each global round, as the reference points for cross-client alignment. Specifically, on the client side, FedBug begins by freezing the entire model, then gradually unfreezes the layers, from the input layer to the output layer. This bottom-up approach allows models to train the newly thawed layers to project data into a latent space, wherein the separating hyperplanes remain consistent across all clients. We theoretically analyze FedBug in a novel over-parameterization FL setup, revealing its superior convergence rate compared to FedAvg. Through comprehensive experiments, spanning various datasets, training conditions, and network architectures, we validate the efficacy of FedBug. Our contributions encompass a novel FL framework, theoretical analysis, and empirical validation, demonstrating the wide potential and applicability of FedBug.Comment: Submitted to NeurIPS'2

    Detach and Adapt: Learning Cross-Domain Disentangled Deep Representation

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    While representation learning aims to derive interpretable features for describing visual data, representation disentanglement further results in such features so that particular image attributes can be identified and manipulated. However, one cannot easily address this task without observing ground truth annotation for the training data. To address this problem, we propose a novel deep learning model of Cross-Domain Representation Disentangler (CDRD). By observing fully annotated source-domain data and unlabeled target-domain data of interest, our model bridges the information across data domains and transfers the attribute information accordingly. Thus, cross-domain joint feature disentanglement and adaptation can be jointly performed. In the experiments, we provide qualitative results to verify our disentanglement capability. Moreover, we further confirm that our model can be applied for solving classification tasks of unsupervised domain adaptation, and performs favorably against state-of-the-art image disentanglement and translation methods.Comment: CVPR 2018 Spotligh