20,800 research outputs found

    VIENA2: A Driving Anticipation Dataset

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    Action anticipation is critical in scenarios where one needs to react before the action is finalized. This is, for instance, the case in automated driving, where a car needs to, e.g., avoid hitting pedestrians and respect traffic lights. While solutions have been proposed to tackle subsets of the driving anticipation tasks, by making use of diverse, task-specific sensors, there is no single dataset or framework that addresses them all in a consistent manner. In this paper, we therefore introduce a new, large-scale dataset, called VIENA2, covering 5 generic driving scenarios, with a total of 25 distinct action classes. It contains more than 15K full HD, 5s long videos acquired in various driving conditions, weathers, daytimes and environments, complemented with a common and realistic set of sensor measurements. This amounts to more than 2.25M frames, each annotated with an action label, corresponding to 600 samples per action class. We discuss our data acquisition strategy and the statistics of our dataset, and benchmark state-of-the-art action anticipation techniques, including a new multi-modal LSTM architecture with an effective loss function for action anticipation in driving scenarios.Comment: Accepted in ACCV 201

    Self-shedding and sweeping of condensate on composite nano-surface under external force field: enhancement mechanism for dropwise and filmwise condensation modes

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    Financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51406205) and the Engineering and Physics Science Research Council (EPSRC) of the UK (EP/N001236/1) are acknowledged

    On the onset of surface condensation: formation and transition mechanisms of condensation mode

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    Financial supports from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51406205), the Beijing Natural Science Foundation (3142021), China Scholarship Council Ph. D studentship and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) of the UK through research grant (EP/L001233/1) are acknowledged

    Stable and Efficient Nanofilm Pure Evaporation on Nanopillar Surfaces

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    Molecular dynamics simulations were conducted to systematically investigate how to maintain and enhance nanofilm pure evaporation on nanopillar surfaces. First, the dynamics of the evaporation meniscus and the onset and evolution of nanobubbles on nanopillar surfaces were characterized. The meniscus can be pinned at the top surface of the nanopillars during evaporation for perfectly wetting fluid. The curvature of the meniscus close to nanopillars varies dramatically. Nanobubbles do not originate from the solid surface, where there is an ultrathin nonevaporation film due to strong solid–fluid interaction, but originate and evolve from the corner of nanopillars, where there is a quick increase in potential energy of the fluid. Second, according to a parametric study, the smaller pitch between nanopillars (P) and larger diameter of nanopillars (D) are found to enhance evaporation but also raise the possibility of boiling, whereas the smaller height of nanopillars (H) is found to enhance evaporation and suppress boiling. Finally, it is revealed that the nanofilm thickness should be maintained beyond a threshold, which is 20 Å in this work, to avoid the suppression effect of disjoining pressure on evaporation. Moreover, it is revealed that whether the evaporative heat transfer is enhanced on the nanopillar surface compared with the smooth surface is also affected by the nanofilm thickness. The value of nanofilm thickness should be determined by the competition between the suppression effect on evaporation due to the decrease in the volume of supplied fluid and the existence of capillary pressure and the enhancement effect on evaporation due to the increase in the heating area. Our work serves as the guidelines to achieve stable and efficient nanofilm pure evaporative heat transfer on nanopillar surfaces

    Objective assessment of 3-D medical image registration results using statistical confidence intervals

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    Author name used in this publication: Dagan FengRefereed conference paper2000-2001 > Academic research: refereed > Refereed conference paperVersion of RecordPublishe

    A DEM investigation of water-bridged granular materials at the critical state

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    The critical state is an important concept for saturated and partially saturated granular materials as the strength and volume become constant and unique under continuous shear. By incorporating the water bridge effect, the mechanical behaviours of wet granular matters can be studied by the discrete element method (DEM). A series of DEM simulations are performed following the conventional triaxial loading path for dry and wet granular materials, and different suction values are applied at various confining stress levels. Unique critical state behaviours have been observed in both macroscopic and microscopic scales. It shows that the confining stress level plays an important role in the critical state behaviour of wet granular materials. The critical stress ratio for a wet material is not a constant value at different stress levels, and it is found that both the critical stress ratio and void ratio in wet granular matters are also much higher with a low confining stress. A framework is proposed by considering both the contact stress and the capillary stress effects to model the critical state lines. At large strain, the coordination number, the mean inter-particle force and fabric anisotropies evolve to constant critical state values for both dry and wet materials. The macro-parameters formulating the critical state stress ratio are found to be associated with the critical state anisotropies in solid skeleton and water phase fabrics, respectively

    Experimental investigation of a solar collector integrated with a pulsating heat pipe and a compound parabolic concentrator

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    The paper reports an experimental investigation of a newly proposed solar collector that integrates a closed-end pulsating heat pipe (PHP) and a compound parabolic concentrator (CPC). The PHP is used as an absorber due to its simple structure and high heat transfer capacity. The CPC has a concentration ratio of 3.4 and can be readily manufactured by three-dimensional printing. The CPC can significantly increase the incident solar irradiation intensity to the PHP absorber and also reduce the heat loss due to the decrease in the area of the hot surface. A prototype of the solar collector has been built, consisting of a PHP absorber bent by 4 mm diameter copper tube, CPC arrayed by 10 × 2 CPC units with the collection area of 300 × 427.6 mm2, a hot water tank and a glass cover. HFE7100 was utilized as the working fluid at a filling ratio of 40%. The operating characteristics and thermal efficiency of the solar collector were experimentally studied. The steady and periodic temperature fluctuations of the evaporation and condensation sections of the PHP absorber indicate that the absorber works well with a thermal resistance of about 0.26 °C/W. It is also found that, as the main factor to the the thermal performance of the collector, thermal resistance of the PHP absorber decreases with increasing evaporation temperature. The collector apparently shows start-up, operational and shutdown stages at the starting and ending temperatures of 75 °C. When the direct normal irradiance is 800 W/m2, the instantaneous thermal efficiency of the solar collector can reach up to 50%.The work was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51506004), Beijing Natural Science Foundation (3162009), Scientific Research Project of Beijing Educational Committee (KM201410016001) and Research Fund of Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture