308 research outputs found

### Aspects of mutually unbiased bases in odd prime power dimensions

We rephrase the Wootters-Fields construction [Ann. Phys., {\bf 191}, 363
(1989)] of a full set of mutually unbiased bases in a complex vector space of
dimensions $N=p^r$, where $p$ is an odd prime, in terms of the character
vectors of the cyclic group $G$ of order $p$. This form may be useful in
explicitly writing down mutually unbiased bases for $N=p^r$.Comment: 3 pages, latex, no figure

### Quantum-Matter-Spacetime : Peter Mittelstaedt's Contributions to Physics and Its Foundations

In a period of over 50 years, Peter Mittelstaedt has made substantial and lasting contributions to several fields in theoretical physics as well as the foundations and philosophy of physics. Here we present an overview of his achievements in physics and its foundations which may serve as a guide to the bibliography (printed in this Festschrift) of his publications. An appraisal of Peter Mittelstaedt's work in the philosophy of physics is given in a separate contribution by B. Falkenburg

### Comment on "Quantitative wave-particle duality in multibeam interferometers"

In a recent paper [Phys. Rev. {\bf A64}, 042113 (2001)] S. D\"urr proposed an
interesting multibeam generalization of the quantitative formulation of
interferometric wave-particle duality, discovered by Englert for two-beam
interferometers. The proposed generalization is an inequality that relates a
generalized measure of the fringe visibility, to certain measures of the
maximum amount of which-way knowledge that can be stored in a which-way
detector. We construct an explicit example where, with three beams in a pure
state, the scheme proposed by D\"{u}rr leads to the possibility of an ideal
which-way detector, that can achieve a better path-discrimination, at the same
time as a better fringe visibility. In our opinion, this seems to be in
contrast with the intuitive idea of complementarity, as it is implemented in
the two-beams case, where an increase in path discrimination always implies a
decrease of fringe visibility, if the beams and the detector are in pure
states.Comment: 4 pages, 1 encapsulated figure. In press on Phys. Rev.

### Quantum State Reconstruction of Many Body System Based on Complete Set of Quantum Correlations Reduced by Symmetry

We propose and study a universal approach for the reconstruction of quantum
states of many body systems from symmetry analysis. The concept of minimal
complete set of quantum correlation functions (MCSQCF) is introduced to
describe the state reconstruction. As an experimentally feasible physical
object, the MCSQCF is mathematically defined through the minimal complete
subspace of observables determined by the symmetry of quantum states under
consideration. An example with broken symmetry is analyzed in detail to
illustrate the idea.Comment: 10 pages, n figures, Revte

### Entanglement sharing among qudits

Consider a system consisting of n d-dimensional quantum particles (qudits),
and suppose that we want to optimize the entanglement between each pair. One
can ask the following basic question regarding the sharing of entanglement:
what is the largest possible value Emax(n,d) of the minimum entanglement
between any two particles in the system? (Here we take the entanglement of
formation as our measure of entanglement.) For n=3 and d=2, that is, for a
system of three qubits, the answer is known: Emax(3,2) = 0.550. In this paper
we consider first a system of d qudits and show that Emax(d,d) is greater than
or equal to 1. We then consider a system of three particles, with three
different values of d. Our results for the three-particle case suggest that as
the dimension d increases, the particles can share a greater fraction of their
entanglement capacity.Comment: 4 pages; v2 contains a new result for 3 qudits with d=

### Mutually unbiased binary observable sets on N qubits

The Pauli operators (tensor products of Pauli matrices) provide a complete
basis of operators on the Hilbert space of N qubits. We prove that the set of
4^N-1 Pauli operators may be partitioned into 2^N+1 distinct subsets, each
consisting of 2^N-1 internally commuting observables. Furthermore, each such
partitioning defines a unique choice of 2^N+1 mutually unbiased basis sets in
the N-qubit Hilbert space. Examples for 2 and 3 qubit systems are discussed
with emphasis on the nature and amount of entanglement that occurs within these
basis sets.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figures. Replacement - expanded introduction and
conclusions; added reference

### Multi-output programmable quantum processor

By combining telecloning and programmable quantum gate array presented by
Nielsen and Chuang [Phys.Rev.Lett. 79 :321(1997)], we propose a programmable
quantum processor which can be programmed to implement restricted set of
operations with several identical data outputs. The outputs are
approximately-transformed versions of input data. The processor successes with
certain probability.Comment: 5 pages and 2 PDF figure

### Quantum Copying: Beyond the No-Cloning Theorem

We analyze to what extent it is possible to copy arbitrary states of a
two-level quantum system. We show that there exists a "universal quantum
copying machine", which approximately copies quantum mechanical states in such
a way that the quality of its output does not depend on the input. We also
examine a machine which combines a unitary transformation with a selective
measurement to produce good copies of states in a neighborhood of a particular
state. We discuss the problem of measurement of the output states.Comment: RevTex, 26 pages, to appear in Physical Review

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