10,669 research outputs found

### Liquid compressibility effects during the collapse of a single cavitating bubble

The effect of liquid compressibility on the dynamics of a single, spherical cavitating bubble is studied.
While it is known that compressibility damps the amplitude of bubble rebounds, the extent to which
this effect is accurately captured by weakly compressible versions of the Rayleighâ€“Plesset equation is
unclear. To clarify this issue, partial differential equations governing conservation of mass, momentum,
and energy are numerically solved both inside the bubble and in the surrounding compressible
liquid. Radiated pressure waves originating at the unsteady bubble interface are directly captured.
Results obtained with Rayleighâ€“Plesset type equations accounting for compressibility effects, proposed
by Keller and Miksis [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 68, 628â€“633 (1980)], Gilmore, and Tomita and
Shima [Bull. JSME 20, 1453â€“1460 (1977)], are compared with those resulting from the full model.
For strong collapses, the solution of the latter reveals that an important part of the energy concentrated
during the collapse is used to generate an outgoing pressure wave. For the examples considered in
this research, peak pressures are larger than those predicted by Rayleighâ€“Plesset type equations,
whereas the amplitudes of the rebounds are smaller

### Simulation of complete many-body quantum dynamics using controlled quantum-semiclassical hybrids

A controlled hybridization between full quantum dynamics and semiclassical
approaches (mean-field and truncated Wigner) is implemented for interacting
many-boson systems. It is then demonstrated how simulating the resulting hybrid
evolution equations allows one to obtain the full quantum dynamics for much
longer times than is possible using an exact treatment directly. A collision of
sodium BECs with 1.x10^5 atoms is simulated, in a regime that is difficult to
describe semiclassically. The uncertainty of physical quantities depends on the
statistics of the full quantum prediction. Cutoffs are minimised to a
discretization of the Hamiltonian. The technique presented is quite general and
extension to other systems is considered.Comment: Published version. Broader background and discussion, slightly
shortened, less figures in epaps. Research part unchanged. Article + epaps
(4+4 pages), 8 figure

### Fermion Masses from SO(10) Hermitian Matrices

Masses of fermions in the SO(10) 16-plet are constructed using only the 10,
120 and 126 scalar multiplets. The mass matrices are restricted to be hermitian
and the theory is constructed to have certain assumed quark masses, charged
lepton masses and CKM matrix in accord with data. The remaining free parameters
are found by fitting to light neutrino masses and MSN matrices result as
predictions.Comment: 23 pages. Small textual additions for clarification; formalism and
results unchanged. Version to appear in Phys. Rev.

### Quantum heat transfer in harmonic chains with self consistent reservoirs: Exact numerical simulations

We describe a numerical scheme for exactly simulating the heat current
behavior in a quantum harmonic chain with self-consistent reservoirs.
Numerically-exact results are compared to classical simulations and to the
quantum behavior under the linear response approximation. In the classical
limit or for small temperature biases our results coincide with previous
calculations. At large bias and for low temperatures the quantum dynamics of
the system fundamentally differs from the close-to-equilibrium behavior,
revealing in particular the effect of thermal rectification for asymmetric
chains. Since this effect is absent in the classical analog of our model, we
conclude that in the quantum model studied here thermal rectification is a
purely quantum phenomenon, rooted in the quantum statistics

### Regularization of fields for self-force problems in curved spacetime: foundations and a time-domain application

We propose an approach for the calculation of self-forces, energy fluxes and
waveforms arising from moving point charges in curved spacetimes. As opposed to
mode-sum schemes that regularize the self-force derived from the singular
retarded field, this approach regularizes the retarded field itself. The
singular part of the retarded field is first analytically identified and
removed, yielding a finite, differentiable remainder from which the self-force
is easily calculated. This regular remainder solves a wave equation which
enjoys the benefit of having a non-singular source. Solving this wave equation
for the remainder completely avoids the calculation of the singular retarded
field along with the attendant difficulties associated with numerically
modeling a delta function source. From this differentiable remainder one may
compute the self-force, the energy flux, and also a waveform which reflects the
effects of the self-force. As a test of principle, we implement this method
using a 4th-order (1+1) code, and calculate the self-force for the simple case
of a scalar charge moving in a circular orbit around a Schwarzschild black
hole. We achieve agreement with frequency-domain results to ~ 0.1% or better.Comment: 15 pages, 12 figures, 1 table. More figures, extended summar

### Inducing topological order in a honeycomb lattice

We explore the possibility of inducing a topological insulator phase in a
honeycomb lattice lacking spin-orbit interaction using a metallic (or Fermi
gas) environment. The lattice and the metallic environment interact through a
density-density interaction without particle tunneling, and integrating out the
metallic environment produces a honeycomb sheet with in-plane oscillating
long-ranged interactions. We find the ground state of the interacting system in
a variational mean-field method and show that the Fermi wave vector, kF, of the
metal determines which phase occurs in the honeycomb lattice sheet. This is
analogous to the Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) mechanism in which the
metal's kF determines the interaction profile as a function of the distance.
Tuning kF and the interaction strength may lead to a variety of ordered phases,
including a topological insulator and anomalous quantum-hall states with
complex next-nearest-neighbor hopping, as in the Haldane and the Kane-Mele
model. We estimate the required range of parameters needed for the topological
state and find that the Fermi vector of the metallic gate should be of the
order of 3Pi/8a (with a being the graphene lattice constant). The net coupling
between the layers, which includes screening in the metal, should be of the
order of the honeycomb lattice bandwidth. This configuration should be most
easily realized in a cold-atoms setting with two interacting Fermionic species.Comment: 7 pages; 2 figures; Version 2 - added references; added an appendix
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