4,159 research outputs found

    Globalization, aggregate productivity, and inflation

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    This paper investigates the effects of globalization on aggregate productivity, output growth, and inflation. I present a simple two-country, two-good, flexible exchange rate model using Fisher Ideal aggregators to examine changes in the mapping from microeconomic to macroeconomic productivity growth as nations globalize. Advances in industry-specific labor productivity are shown to have potentially a much greater pass-through to aggregate productivity, output, and prices the more open nations are to trade. Globalization raises both the level and growth rate of aggregate productivity by allowing more economywide reorganization in response to ongoing technological advances than would be optimal otherwise. ; I develop a globalized version of the quantity equation of money, where inflation in the home country depends on domestic money growth and a weighted average of home and foreign GDP growth. Relative country size, consumer preferences, production technologies, and the openness of trade are the chief determinants of these weights. Calibrating the model to match certain stylized facts about the U.S. and global economies, U.S. consumer price inflation falls from roughly 3.8 percent when economies are closed to under 2 percent in the transition period, eventually settling at around 2.3 percent in free trade. Producer and consumer prices trek a common path under autarky but diverge as the world globalizes. Both home and foreign aggregate productivity growth rates increase—by 0.4 and 0.7 percentage points, respectively. Roughly 30 percent of the output weight in the determination of home inflation shifts from the home to the foreign economy—greater than might be expected from strong home bias.Globalization ; Inflation (Finance) ; Microeconomics ; Macroeconomics ; Gross domestic product

    Schumpeter in his own words

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    Two types of paper: the case for Federal Reserve independence

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    This essay argues that central bank independence is more important today than at any time in history. Because fiscal incentives for inflation grow as government debt grows, and in view of the huge run-up in government debt in the 1980s, with prospects for continued growth in the 1990s, we believe that the principal mission of our nation's central bank is at risk. Our aim is to provide a convincing case for the view that the power to spend money and the power to print money must be separate and independent powers within the government.Federal Reserve System - Independence ; Inflation (Finance) ; Deficit financing ; Fiscal policy ; Monetary policy

    The churn among firms

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    Capitalism ; Competition ; Consumers ; Consumption (Economics) ; Corporations ; Cost and standard of living ; Business enterprises ; Productivity

    China and India: two paths to economic power

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    The two Asian giants have achieved rapid and sustained growth -- China by focusing on goods, India by tilting toward services.Economic conditions - China ; Economic conditions - India ; Service industries ; Manufacturing industries ; International trade

    The fruits of free trade

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    Imports ; Exports ; Tariff ; Antidumping duties

    Opportunity knocks: selling our services to the world

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    Over the past century, the U.S. has developed a deep, diverse pool of skilled, productive and well-paid service providers.Globalization ; Service industries

    Miracle to malaise: what's next for Japan?

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    Economic conditions - Japan
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