318 research outputs found

    Single Cooper pair tunneling induced by non-classical microwaves

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    A mesoscopic Josephson junction interacting with a mode of non-classical microwaves with frequency ω\omega is considered. Squeezing of the electromagnetic field drastically affects the dynamics of Cooper tunneling. In particular, Bloch steps can be observed even when the microwaves are in the squeezed vacuum state with {\em zero} average amplitude of the field E(t)=0\langle E(t) \rangle = 0. The interval between these steps is double in size in comparison to the conventional Bloch steps.Comment: 8 pages, 2 figures are available upon request to: [email protected]

    Correlation properties of interfering electrons in a mesoscopic ring under nonclassical microwave radiation

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    Original paper can be found at: http://eproceedings.worldscinet.com/ Copyright World Scientific Publishing Co. DOI: 10.1142/9789812704474_0009Interfering electrons in a mesoscopic ring are irradiated with both classical and nonclassical microwaves. The average intensity of the charges is calculated as a function of time and it is found that it depends on the nature of the irradiating electromagnetic field. For various quantum states of the microwaves, the electron autocorrelation function is calculated and it shows that the quantum noise of the external field affects the interference of the charges. Two-mode entangled microwaves are also considered and the results for electron average intensity and autocorrelation are compared with those of the corresponding separable state. In both cases, the results depend on whether the ratio of the two frequencies is rational or irrational.Peer reviewe

    Symmetries of the finite Heisenberg group for composite systems

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    Symmetries of the finite Heisenberg group represent an important tool for the study of deeper structure of finite-dimensional quantum mechanics. As is well known, these symmetries are properly expressed in terms of certain normalizer. This paper extends previous investigations to composite quantum systems consisting of two subsystems - qudits - with arbitrary dimensions n and m. In this paper we present detailed descriptions - in the group of inner automorphisms of GL(nm,C) - of the normalizer of the Abelian subgroup generated by tensor products of generalized Pauli matrices of orders n and m. The symmetry group is then given by the quotient group of the normalizer.Comment: Submitted to J. Phys. A: Math. Theo

    The Frobenius formalism in Galois quantum systems

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    Quantum systems in which the position and momentum take values in the ring Zd{\cal Z}_d and which are described with dd-dimensional Hilbert space, are considered. When dd is the power of a prime, the position and momentum take values in the Galois field GF(p)GF(p^ \ell), the position-momentum phase space is a finite geometry and the corresponding `Galois quantum systems' have stronger properties. The study of these systems uses ideas from the subject of field extension in the context of quantum mechanics. The Frobenius automorphism in Galois fields leads to Frobenius subspaces and Frobenius transformations in Galois quantum systems. Links between the Frobenius formalism and Riemann surfaces, are discussed

    Ultra-quantum coherent states in a single finite quantum system

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    A set of nn coherent states is introduced in a quantum system with dd-dimensional Hilbert space H(d)H(d). It is shown that they resolve the identity, and also have a discrete isotropy property. A finite cyclic group acts on the set of these coherent states, and partitions it into orbits. A nn-tuple representation of arbitrary states in H(d)H(d), analogous to the Bargmann representation, is defined. There are two other important properties of these coherent states which make them `ultra-quantum'. The first property is related to the Grothendieck formalism which studies the `edge' of the Hilbert space and quantum formalisms. Roughly speaking the Grothendieck theorem considers a `classical' quadratic form C{\mathfrak C} that uses complex numbers in the unit disc, and a `quantum' quadratic form Q{\mathfrak Q} that uses vectors in the unit ball of the Hilbert space. It shows that if C1{\mathfrak C}\le 1, the corresponding Q{\mathfrak Q} might take values greater than 11, up to the complex Grothendieck constant kGk_G. Q{\mathfrak Q} related to these coherent states is shown to take values in the `Grothendieck region' (1,kG)(1,k_G), which is classically forbidden in the sense that C{\mathfrak C} does not take values in it. The second property complements this, showing that these coherent states violate logical Bell-like inequalities (which for a single quantum system are quantum versions of the Frechet probabilistic inequalities). In this sense also, our coherent states are deep into the quantum region

    Weak mutually unbiased bases

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    Quantum systems with variables in Z(d){\mathbb Z}(d) are considered. The properties of lines in the Z(d)×Z(d){\mathbb Z}(d)\times {\mathbb Z}(d) phase space of these systems, are studied. Weak mutually unbiased bases in these systems are defined as bases for which the overlap of any two vectors in two different bases, is equal to d1/2d^{-1/2} or alternatively to one of the di1/2,0d_i^{-1/2},0 (where did_i is a divisor of dd apart from d,1d,1). They are designed for the geometry of the Z(d)×Z(d){\mathbb Z}(d)\times {\mathbb Z}(d) phase space, in the sense that there is a duality between the weak mutually unbiased bases and the maximal lines through the origin. In the special case of prime dd, there are no divisors of dd apart from 1,d1,d and the weak mutually unbiased bases are mutually unbiased bases

    Generalised squeezing and information theory approach to quantum entanglement

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    It is shown that the usual one- and two-mode squeezing are based on reducible representations of the SU(1,1) group. Generalized squeezing is introduced with the use of different SU(1,1) rotations on each irreducible sector. Two-mode squeezing entangles the modes and information theory methods are used to study this entanglement. The entanglement of three modes is also studied with the use of the strong subadditivity property of the entropy

    Group theoretical construction of mutually unbiased bases in Hilbert spaces of prime dimensions

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    Mutually unbiased bases in Hilbert spaces of finite dimensions are closely related to the quantal notion of complementarity. An alternative proof of existence of a maximal collection of N+1 mutually unbiased bases in Hilbert spaces of prime dimension N is given by exploiting the finite Heisenberg group (also called the Pauli group) and the action of SL(2,Z_N) on finite phase space Z_N x Z_N implemented by unitary operators in the Hilbert space. Crucial for the proof is that, for prime N, Z_N is also a finite field.Comment: 13 pages; accepted in J. Phys. A: Math. Theo

    Dirac's contour representation in thermofield dynamics

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