2,878 research outputs found

    On the status of expansion by regions

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    We discuss the status of expansion by regions, i.e. a well-known strategy to obtain an expansion of a given multiloop Feynman integral in a given limit where some kinematic invariants and/or masses have certain scaling measured in powers of a given small parameter. Using the Lee-Pomeransky parametric representation, we formulate the corresponding prescriptions in a simple geometrical language and make a conjecture that they hold even in a much more general case. We prove this conjecture in some partial cases and illustrate them in a simple example.Comment: Published version: presentation improved, Section 7 delete

    Evaluating single-scale and/or non-planar diagrams by differential equations

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    We apply a recently suggested new strategy to solve differential equations for Feynman integrals. We develop this method further by analyzing asymptotic expansions of the integrals. We argue that this allows the systematic application of the differential equations to single-scale Feynman integrals. Moreover, the information about singular limits significantly simplifies finding boundary constants for the differential equations. To illustrate these points we consider two families of three-loop integrals. The first are form-factor integrals with two external legs on the light cone. We introduce one more scale by taking one more leg off-shell, p220p_2^2\neq 0. We analytically solve the differential equations for the master integrals in a Laurent expansion in dimensional regularization with ϵ=(4D)/2\epsilon=(4-D)/2. Then we show how to obtain analytic results for the corresponding one-scale integrals in an algebraic way. An essential ingredient of our method is to match solutions of the differential equations in the limit of small p22p_2^2 to our results at p220p_2^2\neq 0 and to identify various terms in these solutions according to expansion by regions. The second family consists of four-point non-planar integrals with all four legs on the light cone. We evaluate, by differential equations, all the master integrals for the so-called K4K_4 graph consisting of four external vertices which are connected with each other by six lines. We show how the boundary constants can be fixed with the help of the knowledge of the singular limits. We present results in terms of harmonic polylogarithms for the corresponding seven master integrals with six propagators in a Laurent expansion in ϵ\epsilon up to weight six.Comment: 27 pages, 2 figure

    Evaluating `elliptic' master integrals at special kinematic values: using differential equations and their solutions via expansions near singular points

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    This is a sequel of our previous paper where we described an algorithm to find a solution of differential equations for master integrals in the form of an ϵ\epsilon-expansion series with numerical coefficients. The algorithm is based on using generalized power series expansions near singular points of the differential system, solving difference equations for the corresponding coefficients in these expansions and using matching to connect series expansions at two neighboring points. Here we use our algorithm and the corresponding code for our example of four-loop generalized sunset diagrams with three massive and two massless propagators, in order to obtain new analytical results. We analytically evaluate the master integrals at threshold, p2=9m2p^2=9 m^2, in an expansion in ϵ\epsilon up to ϵ1\epsilon^1. With the help of our code, we obtain numerical results for the threshold master integrals in an ϵ\epsilon-expansion with the accuracy of 6000 digits and then use the PSLQ algorithm to arrive at analytical values. Our basis of constants is build from bases of multiple polylogarithm values at sixth roots of unity.Comment: Discussion extende