345 research outputs found

    Separability conditions from entropic uncertainty relations

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    We derive a collection of separability conditions for bipartite systems of dimensions d X d which is based on the entropic version of the uncertainty relations. A detailed analysis of the two-qubit case is given by comparing the new separability conditions with existing criteria.Comment: 10 pages, 2 figure (Typos removed. To appear in Phys. Rev. A

    A Protocol For Cooling and Controlling Composite Systems by Local Interactions

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    We discuss an explicit protocol which allows one to externally cool and control a composite system by operating on a small subset of it. The scheme permits to transfer arbitrary and unknown quantum states from a memory on the network ("upload access") as well as the inverse ("download access"). In particular it yields a method for cooling the system.Comment: 8 pages, 5 figures: in "Quantum Information and Many Body Quantum Systems", proceedings, M. Ericsson and S. Montangero (eds.), Pisa, Edizioni della Normale, p. 17 (2008

    Enhancing Quantum Effects via Periodic Modulations in Optomechanical Systems

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    Parametrically modulated optomechanical systems have been recently proposed as a simple and efficient setting for the quantum control of a micromechanical oscillator: relevant possibilities include the generation of squeezing in the oscillator position (or momentum) and the enhancement of entanglement between mechanical and radiation modes. In this paper we further investigate this new modulation regime, considering an optomechanical system with one or more parameters being modulated over time. We first apply a sinusoidal modulation of the mechanical frequency and characterize the optimal regime in which the visibility of purely quantum effects is maximal. We then introduce a second modulation on the input laser intensity and analyze the interplay between the two. We find that an interference pattern shows up, so that different choices of the relative phase between the two modulations can either enhance or cancel the desired quantum effects.Comment: 10 pages, 4 figure

    Time-Polynomial Lieb-Robinson bounds for finite-range spin-network models

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    The Lieb-Robinson bound sets a theoretical upper limit on the speed at which information can propagate in non-relativistic quantum spin networks. In its original version, it results in an exponentially exploding function of the evolution time, which is partially mitigated by an exponentially decreasing term that instead depends upon the distance covered by the signal (the ratio between the two exponents effectively defining an upper bound on the propagation speed). In the present paper, by properly accounting for the free parameters of the model, we show how to turn this construction into a stronger inequality where the upper limit only scales polynomially with respect to the evolution time. Our analysis applies to any chosen topology of the network, as long as the range of the associated interaction is explicitly finite. For the special case of linear spin networks we present also an alternative derivation based on a perturbative expansion approach which improves the previous inequality. In the same context we also establish a lower bound to the speed of the information spread which yields a non trivial result at least in the limit of small propagation times.Comment: 10 pages, 5 figure

    Thermodynamics of discrete quantum processes

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    We define thermodynamic configurations and identify two primitives of discrete quantum processes between configurations for which heat and work can be defined in a natural way. This allows us to uncover a general second law for any discrete trajectory that consists of a sequence of these primitives, linking both equilibrium and non-equilibrium configurations. Moreover, in the limit of a discrete trajectory that passes through an infinite number of configurations, i.e. in the reversible limit, we recover the saturation of the second law. Finally, we show that for a discrete Carnot cycle operating between four configurations one recovers Carnot's thermal efficiency.Comment: 14pages, 9 figure

    Creating quantum correlations through local non-unitary memoryless channels

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    We show that two qubits, initially in a fully classical state, can develop significant quantum correlations as measured by the quantum discord (QD) under the action of a local memoryless noise (specifically we consider the case of a Markovian amplitude-damping channel). This is analytically proven after deriving in a compact form the QD for the class of separable states involved in such a process. We provide a picture in the Bloch sphere that unambiguously highlights the physical mechanism behind the effect regardless of the specific measure of QCs adopted.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figure

    Interferometric Quantum Cascade Systems

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    In this work we consider quantum cascade networks in which quantum systems are connected through unidirectional channels that can mutually interact giving rise to interference effects. In particular we show how to compute master equations for cascade systems in an arbitrary interferometric configuration by means of a collisional model. We apply our general theory to two specific examples: the first consists in two systems arranged in a Mach-Zender-like configuration; the second is a three system network where it is possible to tune the effective chiral interactions between the nodes exploiting interference effects.Comment: 15 pages, 5 figure

    Minimal Self-Contained Quantum Refrigeration Machine Based on Four Quantum Dots

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    We present a theoretical study of an electronic quantum refrigerator based on four quantum dots arranged in a square configuration, in contact with as many thermal reservoirs. We show that the system implements the basic minimal mechanism for acting as a self-contained quantum refrigerator, by demonstrating heat extraction from the coldest reservoir and the cooling of the nearby quantum-dot.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure
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