3,105 research outputs found

    The prospect of detecting single-photon force effects in cavity optomechanics

    Full text link
    Cavity optomechanical systems are approaching a strong-coupling regime where the coherent dynamics of nanomechanical resonators can be manipulated and controlled by optical fields at the single photon level. Here we propose an interferometric scheme able to detect optomechanical coherent interaction at the single-photon level which is experimentally feasible with state-of-the-art devices.Comment: 8 pages, 2 figure

    Entangling two distant non-interacting microwave modes

    Full text link
    We propose a protocol able to prepare two remote and initially uncorrelated microwave modes in an entangled stationary state, which is certifiable using only local optical homodyne measurements. The protocol is an extension of continuous variable entanglement swapping, and exploits two hybrid quadripartite opto-electro-mechanical systems in which a nanomechanical resonator acts as a quantum interface able to entangle optical and microwave fields. The proposed protocol allows to circumvent the problems associated with the fragility of microwave photons with respect to thermal noise and may represent a fundamental tool for the realization of quantum networks connecting distant solid-state and superconducting qubits, which are typically manipulated with microwave fields. The certifying measurements on the optical modes guarantee the success of entanglement swapping without the need of performing explicit measurements on the distant microwave fields.Comment: 7 pages, 3 figures; to appear in the special issue "Quantum and Hybrid Mechanical Systems - From Fundamentals to Applications" in Annalen der Physi

    Cavity Mode Frequencies and Strong Optomechanical Coupling in Two-Membrane Cavity Optomechanics

    Get PDF
    We study the cavity mode frequencies of a Fabry-P\'erot cavity containing two vibrating dielectric membranes. We derive the equations for the mode resonances and provide approximate analytical solutions for them as a function of the membrane positions, which act as an excellent approximation when the relative and center-of-mass position of the two membranes are much smaller than the cavity length. With these analytical solutions, one finds that extremely large optomechanical coupling of the membrane relative motion can be achieved in the limit of highly reflective membranes when the two membranes are placed very close to a resonance of the inner cavity formed by them. We also study the cavity finesse of the system and verify that, under the conditions of large coupling, it is not appreciably affected by the presence of the two membranes. The achievable large values of the ratio between the optomechanical coupling and the cavity decay rate, g/Îşg/\kappa, make this two-membrane system the simplest promising platform for implementing cavity optomechanics in the strong coupling regime.Comment: Contribution to the special issue on "Nano-optomechanics" in Journal of Optics, edited by I. Wilson-Rae, J. Sankey and H. Offerhau

    Constructing finite dimensional codes with optical continuous variables

    Full text link
    We show how a qubit can be fault-tolerantly encoded in the infinite-dimensional Hilbert space of an optical mode. The scheme is efficient and realizable with present technologies. In fact, it involves two travelling optical modes coupled by a cross-Kerr interaction, initially prepared in coherent states, one of which is much more intense than the other. At the exit of the Kerr medium, the weak mode is subject to a homodyne measurement and a quantum codeword is conditionally generated in the quantum fluctuations of the intense mode.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figure

    Observation of decoherence with a movable mirror

    Get PDF
    Recently it has been proposed to use parity as a measure of the mechanism behind decoherence or the transformation from quantum to classical. Here, we show that the proposed experiment is more feasible than previously thought, as even an initial thermal state would exhibit the hypothesized symmetry breaking.Comment: Proceedings of the Lake Garda "quantum puzzles" conferenc

    A model independent approach to non dissipative decoherence

    Get PDF
    We consider the case when decoherence is due to the fluctuations of some classical variable or parameter of a system and not to its entanglement with the environment. Under few and quite general assumptions, we derive a model-independent formalism for this non-dissipative decoherence, and we apply it to explain the decoherence observed in some recent experiments in cavity QED and on trapped ions.Comment: 12 pages, 3 figure
    • …