165 research outputs found

    Horizon-Flow off-track for Inflation

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    Inflation can be parameterized by means of truncated flow equations. In this "horizon-flow" setup, generic results have been obtained, such as typical values for r/(1nS)r/(1-n_\mathrm{S}). They are sometimes referred to as intrinsic features of inflation itself. In this paper we first show that the phenomenological class of inflationary potentials sampled by horizon-flow is directly responsible for such predictions. They are therefore anything but generic. Furthermore, the horizon-flow setup is shown to rely on trajectories in phase space that differ from the slow-roll. For a given potential, we demonstrate that this renders horizon-flow blind to entire relevant inflationary regimes, for which the horizon-flow trajectory is shown to be unstable. This makes horizon-flow a biased parameterization of inflation.Comment: 26 pages, 20 figures. Matches published versio

    Bell's Inequalities for Continuous-Variable Systems in Generic Squeezed States

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    Bell's inequality for continuous-variable bipartite systems is studied. The inequality is expressed in terms of pseudo-spin operators and quantum expectation values are calculated for generic two-mode squeezed states characterized by a squeezing parameter rr and a squeezing angle φ\varphi. Allowing for generic values of the squeezing angle is especially relevant when φ\varphi is not under experimental control, such as in cosmic inflation, where small quantum fluctuations in the early Universe are responsible for structures formation. Compared to previous studies restricted to φ=0\varphi=0 and to a fixed orientation of the pseudo-spin operators, allowing for φ0\varphi\neq 0 and optimizing the angular configuration leads to a completely new and rich phenomenology. Two dual schemes of approximation are designed that allow for comprehensive exploration of the squeezing parameters space. In particular, it is found that Bell's inequality can be violated when the squeezing parameter rr is large enough, r1.12r\gtrsim 1.12, and the squeezing angle φ\varphi is small enough, φ0.34er\varphi\lesssim 0.34\,e^{-r}.Comment: 9 pages without appendices (38 pages total), 16 figures, matches published version in Physical Review

    Correlation Functions in Stochastic Inflation

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    Combining the stochastic and δN\delta N formalisms, we derive non perturbative analytical expressions for all correlation functions of scalar perturbations in single-field, slow-roll inflation. The standard, classical formulas are recovered as saddle-point limits of the full results. This yields a classicality criterion that shows that stochastic effects are small only if the potential is sub-Planckian and not too flat. The saddle-point approximation also provides an expansion scheme for calculating stochastic corrections to observable quantities perturbatively in this regime. In the opposite regime, we show that a strong suppression in the power spectrum is generically obtained, and comment on the physical implications of this effect.Comment: 20 pages plus appendix, 4 figures, published in EPJC, typo corrected in Eq. (3.37

    Encyclopaedia Curvatonis

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    We investigate whether the predictions of single-field models of inflation are robust under the introduction of additional scalar degrees of freedom, and whether these extra fields change the potentials for which the data show the strongest preference. We study the situation where an extra light scalar field contributes both to the total curvature perturbations and to the reheating kinematic properties. Ten reheating scenarios are identified, and all necessary formulas allowing a systematic computation of the predictions for this class of models are derived. They are implemented in the public library ASPIC, which contains more than 75 single-field potentials. This paves the way for a forthcoming full Bayesian analysis of the problem. A few representative examples are displayed and discussed.Comment: 16 pages without appendices (total 55 pages), 93 figures. matches the published version (JCAP

    Recursive Stochastic Effects in Valley Hybrid Inflation

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    Hybrid Inflation is a two-field model where inflation ends by a tachyonic instability, the duration of which is determined by stochastic effects and has important observational implications. Making use of the recursive approach to the stochastic formalism presented in Ref. [1], these effects are consistently computed. Through an analysis of back-reaction, this method is shown to converge in the valley but points toward an (expected) instability in the waterfall. It is further shown that quasi-stationarity of the auxiliary field distribution breaks down in the case of a short-lived waterfall. It is found that the typical dispersion of the waterfall field at the critical point is then diminished, thus increasing the duration of the waterfall phase and jeopardizing the possibility of a short transition. Finally, it is found that stochastic effects worsen the blue tilt of the curvature perturbations by an order one factor when compared with the usual slow-roll contribution.Comment: 26 pages, 6 figure