122 research outputs found

    QCD at High Energies and Two-Dimensional Field Theory

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    Previous studies of high-energy scattering in QCD have shown a remarkable correspondence with two-dimensional field theory. In this paper we formulate a simple effective model in which this two-dimensional nature of the interactions is manifest. Starting from the (3+1)-dimensional Yang-Mills action, we implement the high energy limit s‚ÄČ‚Ā£>‚ÄČ‚Ā£>‚ÄČ‚Ā£ts\! >\! > \! t via a scaling argument and we derive from this a simplified effective theory. This effective theory is still (3+1)-dimensional, but we show that its interactions can to leading order be summarized in terms of a two-dimensional sigma-model defined on the transverse plane. Finally, we verify that our formulation is consistent with known perturbative results. This is a revised and extended version of hep-th 9302104. In particular, we have added a section that clarifies the connection with Lipatov's gluon emission vertex.Comment: LaTeX-file, 23 pages, no figures, This is a revised and extended version of hep-th 930210

    Black Hole Evaporation and Complementarity

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    About twenty years ago Hawking made the remarkable suggestion that the black hole evaporation process will inevitably lead to a fundamental loss of quantum coherence. The mechanism by which the quantum radiation is emitted appears to be insensitive to the detailed history of the black hole, and thus it seems that most of the initial information is lost for an outside observer. However, direct examination of Hawking's original derivation (or any later one) of the black hole emission spectrum shows that one inevitably needs to make reference to particle waves that have arbitrarily high frequency near the horizon as measured in the reference frame of the in-falling matter. This exponential red-shift effect associated with the black hole horizon leads to a breakdown of the usual separation of length scales, and effectively works as a magnifying glass that makes the consequences of the short distance, or rather, high energy physics near the horizon visible at larger scales to an asymptotic observer.Comment: 6 pages, 2 figs. summary of lectures presented by Erik Verlinde at the 1994 Les Houches Summer School ``Fluctuating Geometries in Statistical Mechanics and Field Theory.'' (also available at http://xxx.lanl.gov/lh94/ ) (based on work with Y. Kiem, K. Schoutens and H. Verlinde

    Spacetime Fluctuations in AdS/CFT

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    We compute fluctuations in the modular energy of the vacuum associated with a Rindler-wedge in AdS spacetime in the context of AdS/CFT. We discuss the possible effect of these energy fluctuations on the spacetime geometry, and on the traversal time of a light beam propagating from the boundary to the bulk and back.Comment: 25 pages, 1 figur

    De Sitter Space With Finitely Many States: A Toy Story

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    The finite entropy of de Sitter space suggests that in a theory of quantum gravity there are only finitely many states. It has been argued that in this case there is no action of the de Sitter group consistent with unitarity. In this note we propose a way out of this if we give up the requirement of having a hermitian Hamiltonian. We argue that some of the generators of the de Sitter group act in a novel way, namely by mixing in- and out-states. In this way it is possible to have a unitary S-matrix that is finite-dimensional and, moreover, de Sitter-invariant. Using Dirac spinors, we construct a simple toy model that exhibits these features.Comment: 6 pages, LaTe
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