6 research outputs found

    Teacher collaboration, inclusive education and differentiated instruction: A matter of exchange, co-construction, or synchronization?

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    Teacher collaboration is considered an important determinant when implementing differentiated instructional practices. However, most research has extensively explored such constructs using global measures, while overlooking the fact that teacher collaboration is a multidimensional construct. Against this background, this study aimed to explore the different teacher collaboration categories (exchange, synchronization and co-construction) and their impact on teachers’ differentiated instructional practices. In addition, this study took into consideration important variables for teachers’ differentiated instructional implementation, such as self-efficacy, attitudes, and the contextual factor of school track. To respond the research questions, descriptive statistics, one-sample t-tests, mixed analysis of variance with and hierarchical linear regressions were conducted. Results from a mixed analysis of variance indicated that teachers mainly collaborate by means of less demanding and less intensive cooperative practices, such as the exchange of teaching materials and content-related information. Additionally, findings from a hierarchical linear regression indicate that more demanding practices of collaboration, such as synchronization and co-construction, are significantly associated with teachers’ differentiated instructional practices. Implications of the results as well as further lines of research are discussed.Peer Reviewe

    “The whole is greater than the sum of its parts” – Exploring teachers’ technology readiness profiles and its relation to their emotional state during COVID-19 emergency remote teaching

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    With the rapid spread of the Coronavirus (COVID-19), schools around the world came to a shutdown. This resulted in an abrupt transition from face-to-face instruction to emergency remote teaching (ERT), resulting in numerous challenges that have greatly affected teachers. Even though research has identified key factors for teachers to effectively implement ERT in the context of the COVID-19 school shutdown, there is still little research on the factors (and their interrelations) that account for the differences between teachers’ experiences. Following a theoretical model of technology readiness, this study aimed to investigate teacher profiles based on domains of technology acceptance, technology competence and technology control. In addition, this study seeks to explore whether teachers’ emotional state during ERT varies between the teacher technology readiness profiles. A total of 124 teachers participated voluntarily in an online survey stemming from the research project “Students-Parents-Teachers in Homeschooling” in Germany. Results from a two-step cluster analysis revealed three distinct teacher technology readiness profiles. Moreover, the findings also revealed gender differences between the three technology readiness profiles. Lastly, an analysis of variance indicated that teachers’ positive emotional state during ERT varied significantly across the clusters. Implications of the results for teacher education and teacher professional development, as well as further lines of research are discussed.Peer Reviewe

    Mexican school students’ perceptions of inclusion: A brief report on students’ social inclusion, emotional well-being, and academic self-concept at school

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    With the increasing student diversity, inclusive education has only become more relevant. Given that inclusive education is considered as the most effective approach to improve quality of education and promote equity and social cohesion, research has focused on examining the facilitators and barriers of meaningful inclusive education as well as the effectiveness of inclusive education on students’ academic outcomes. In contrast, far less attention has been paid to explore students’ non-achievement outcomes, such as their socio-emotional development. Therefore, this brief report presents the results of a small-scale exploratory study which examines Mexican students’ perceptions regarding their social inclusion, emotional well-being, and academic self-concept. A total of 101 Mexican students were included in the sample. Nonparametric tests such as Chi-square goodness of fit, Mann–Whitney U and Dunn’s tests were conducted to analyze the data. Overall, results show that students in general perceive themselves included at school, however, students attending private schools experience less emotional well-being. Implications of the results as well as further lines of research are discussed.Peer Reviewe

    Exploring inclusive education in times of COVID-19: an international comparison of German, Austrian and Portuguese teachers

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    With the start of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the global education system has a faced immense challenges and disruptions resulting in and the necessity for an immediate redesign of teaching and learning in the school context. Face-to-face classroom instruction had to be replaced by ‘emergency remote teaching’, requiring teacher to adapt their daily routines to a new and unprecedented educational reality. Researchers and policymakers worldwide have agreed that, despite the fact that efforts were made to immediately adapt to emergency remote teaching, disadvantaged and vulnerable students may be especially at risk in emergency remote teaching. Given the differences in schooling organization across countries during the COVID-19 pandemic it can be expected that teachers performed inclusive instructional practices significantly different. Against the unpredictable situation, cross-country research has been urgently required to provide data that could inform education policy. Thus, this study explored teachers’ perceptions of supporting at risk students during the first COVID-19 school closures, as well as examining teachers’ inclusive teaching practices in three countries: Germany, Austria and Portugal. ANOVA results revealed important country differences. In general, it appears that teachers in Germany and Austria reported to have implemented less practices to address vulnerable and at-risk students compared to Portuguese teachers. Implications of the results, as well as further lines of research are outlined.info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersio

    Exploring Mexican lower secondary school students’ perceptions of inclusion

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    AbstractEmotional well-being, social inclusion, and academic self-concept are crucial for students’ academic and socio-emotional development, and are seen as key factors for successful inclusion. Considering this relevance, the Perception of Inclusion Questionnaire (PIQ) has been developed as a short screening instrument to assess these three aspects—not only for research, but also for teachers to enhance students’ well-being in school and the selection of intervention goals. The present study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Spanish PIQ student version. Participants were 673 Mexican lower secondary school students (52% female, Mage = 13.25 years) who either attended inclusive classes (33%) or special schools (67%). 15% have been diagnosed as having special educational needs (SEN). Factorial and convergent validity and measurement invariance as well as mean differences based on students’ gender, diagnosis of SEN, and classroom setting were analyzed. The three-factor structure of the PIQ was confirmed, and the three scales (emotional well-being, social inclusion, academic self-concept) showed adequate internal consistency. Further, some evidence for convergent validity was shown. Strong measurement invariance was established, allowing for comparison across gender, SEN status, and classroom setting. Regarding gender, boys indicated higher levels of social inclusion and academic self-concept than girls. Students with SEN scored lower on all three subscales compared to students without SEN. Further, students with SEN in inclusive classrooms showed lower academic self-concepts compared to those attending special schools. Although more research is needed, the psychometric properties of the Spanish PIQ student version are encouraging for its potential for use in research and practice

    Experimentation and Differentiated Instruction in biology lessons – Examining the effects of incremental scaffolds on the students' interest

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    Kleinert S, Besa K-S, Haunhorst D, Wilde M. Experimentation and Differentiated Instruction in biology lessons – Examining the effects of incremental scaffolds on the students' interest. In: Letzel-Alt V, Pozas M, eds. DI around the World – Exploring Differentiated Instructional Practice in General School Education. Waxmann; Accepted