9,032 research outputs found

    Tailed radio galaxies as tracers of galaxy clusters. Serendipitous discoveries with the GMRT

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    We report on the discovery of four new radio galaxies with tailed morphology. Tailed radio galaxies are generally found in rich environments, therefore their presence can be used as tracer of a cluster. The radio galaxies were found in the fields of Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) observations carried out at 610 MHz and 327 MHz devoted to other studies. We inspected the literature and archives in the optical and X-ray bands to search for galaxy clusters or groups hosting them. All the tailed radio galaxies serendipitously found in the GMRT fields are located in rich environments. Two of them belong to the candidate cluster NCS J090232+204358, located at z(phot)=0.0746; one belongs to the cluster MaxBCGJ223.97317+22.15620 at z(phot)=0.2619; finally we suggest that the fourth one is probing a galaxy cluster at z=0.1177, located behind A262, and so far undetected in any band. Our results strenghten the relevance of high sensitivity and high resolution radio data in the detection of galaxy clusters at intermediate redshift.Comment: 8 pages, accepted for publication on Astronomy & Astrophysic

    Radio Properties of the Shapley Concentration. III. Merging Clusters in the A3558 Complex

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    We present the results of a 22 cm radio survey carried out with the A3558 complex, a chain formed by the merging ACO clusters A3556-A3558-A3562 and thetwo groups SC1327-312 and SC1323-313, located in the central region of the complex, a chain formed by the merging ACO clusters A3556-A3558-A3562 and the two groups SC1327-312 and SC1323-313, located in the central region of the Shapley Concentration. The purpose of our survey is to study the effects of cluster mergers on the statistical properties of radio galaxies and to investigate the connection between mergers and the presence of radio halos and relic sources. We found that the radio source counts in the A3558 complex are consistent with the background source counts. Furthermore, we found that no correlation exists between the local density and the radio source power, and that steep spectrum radio galaxies are not segregated in denser optical regions. The radio luminosity function for elliptical and S0 galaxies is significantly lower than that for cluster type galaxies and for those not selected to be in clusters at radio powers logP(1.4) > 22.5, implying that the probability of a galaxy becoming a radio source above this power limit is lower in the Shapley Concentration compared with any other environment. The detection of a head-tail source in the centre of A3562, coupled with careful inspection of the 20 cm NRAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS) and of 36 cm MOST observations, allowed us to spot two extended sources in the region between A3562 and SC1329-313, i.e. a candidate radio halo at the centre of A3562, and low brightness extended emission around a 14.96 magnitude Shapley galaxy.Comment: 18 pages, 14 figures. Accepted for publication on MNRA

    An elusive radio halo in the merging cluster Abell 781?

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    Deep radio observations of the galaxy cluster Abell 781 have been carried out using the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope at 325 MHz and have been compared to previous 610 MHz observations and to archival VLA 1.4 GHz data. The radio emission from the cluster is dominated by a diffuse source located at the outskirts of the X-ray emission, which we tentatively classify as a radio relic. We detected residual diffuse emission at the cluster centre at the level of S(325 MHz)~15-20 mJy. Our analysis disagrees with Govoni et al. (2011), and on the basis of simple spectral considerations we do not support their claim of a radio halo with flux density of 20-30 mJy at 1.4 GHz. Abell 781, a massive and merging cluster, is an intriguing case. Assuming that the residual emission is indicative of the presence of a radio halo barely detectable at our sensitivity level, it could be a very steep spectrum source.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, 1 table - Accepted for publication on Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Letter
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