29 research outputs found

    Report of the Ninth Interlaboratory Comparison Organised by the European Union Reference Laboratory for Heavy Metals in Feed and Food - IMEP-109: Total Cadmium, Lead, Arsenic and Mercury as well as Methylmercury and Inorganic Arsenic in Seafood

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    The Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC), a Directorate General of the European Commission, operates the European Union Reference Laboratory for Heavy Metals in Feed and Food (EU-RL-HM). One of its core tasks is to organise interlaboratory comparisons (ILCs) among appointed National Reference Laboratories (NRLs). This report presents the results of the ninth proficiency test (PT) of the EU-RL-HM which focused on the determination of total cadmium, lead, arsenic and mercury as well as methylmercury and inorganic arsenic in seafood. The test material used in this exercise was the Certified Reference Material (CRM) DOLT-4, dogfish liver of the National Research Council of Canada (CNRC). The material was relabelled to prevent recognition by the participants and was dispatched the second half of May 2010. Each participant received one bottle containing approximately 20 g of test material. Thirty-eight laboratories from 27 countries registered to the exercise of which 38 reported results for total Cd, 36 for total Pb, 33 for total As, 36 for total Hg, five for methylmercury and 10 for iAs. The assigned values for total Cd, Pb, As, Hg and methylmercury are the certified values taken from the DOLT-4 certificate. An attempt was made to establish an assigned value for inorganic As (iAs) using the results provided by a group of five laboratories expert in the field, following a similar approach to that used in IMEP-1071, a PT on total and inorganic arsenic in rice. Contrary to what was observed in IMEP-107, the results obtained by the expert laboratories for iAs was method dependent, therefore no assigned value could be established. The uncertainties of the assigned values, uref, were taken directly from the CRM certificate as provided by the producer for total Cd, Pb, As, Hg and methylmercury. Participants were invited to report the uncertainty of their measurements. This was done by the majority of the laboratories taking part in this exercise. Laboratory results were rated with z- and ┬┐-scores (zeta-scores) in accordance with ISO 135282. Since the concentration of iAs seems to be method dependent according to the results obtained by the expert laboratories, no scoring was provided to the laboratories that submitted results for iAs. The standard deviation for proficiency assessment (also called target standard deviation) was fixed to 15% by the advisory board of this ILC, on the basis of the outcome of previous ILCs organised by the EURL-HM and on the state-of-the-art in this field of analysis. Between 80 and 97.5 % of the laboratories performed satisfactory for total Cd, As, Hg and methylmercury. Regarding total Pb, 70 % of the laboratories scored satisfactory.JRC.DG.D.6-Food Safety and Qualit

    Comparative Testing Report on the Detection and Quantification of Maize Events GA21, TC1507 and MIR604

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    In the frame of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004, the European Union Reference Laboratory for Genetically Modified Food and Feed has the duty to organise comparative testing rounds and to ensure an appropriate follow-up of these activities. This preliminary report describes the outcome of the fourth comparative testing round ILC-EURL-GMFF-CT-02/11. Participants were required to screen two test items denoted maize powder levels 1 and 2, for the presence of maize events 3272, Bt11, Bt176, 59122, GA21, MIR604, MON 810, MON 863, NK603 and TC1507. Any events detected were then to be quantified. This comparative testing round was organised in collaboration with the Food Safety and Quality Unit of the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (Geel, BE). The maize test items were produced in-house. The Food Safety and Quality Unit managed the on-line registration and submission of results. A total of 159 laboratories were invited to participate in ILC-EURL-GMFF-CT-02/11. Participants could report the results of the exercise either in mass/mass % or in copy/copy %. In this fourth comparative testing round greater than 86 % of participants gained a satisfactory z-score in the range of -2 to +2 for the results expressed in mass/mass % for both maize powder levels 1 and 2 regardless of the GM event. However, a lower percentage (43ÔÇô86 %) of z-scores within the working range of -2 to +2 was calculated for those participants that expressed the results in copy/copy %.JRC.I.3-Molecular Biology and Genomic

    IMEP-30: Total Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, and Mercury, as well as Methylmercury and Inorganic Arsenic in Seafood - Interlaboratory Comparison Report

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    This report presents the results of an ILC which focussed on the determination of total As, Cd, Pb , and Hg, as well as methylmercury and inorganic arsenic in seafood. The test material used in this exercise was the Certified Reference Material (CRM) DOLT-4, dogfish liver of the National Research Council of Canada (NRC). Each participant received one bottle containing approximately 20 g of test material. Fifty-seven laboratories from 29 countries registered to the exercise and all of them reported results. The assigned values and their associate uncertainties for total As, Cd, Pb, Hg and Methylmercury are the certified values taken from the DOLT-4 certificate. An attempt was made to establish an assigned value for inorganic As (iAs) using the results provided by a group of five laboratories expert in the field. Unfortunately, contrary to what was expected, the results obtained by the expert laboratories for iAs showed a large spread and no assigned value could be established.JRC.DG.D.6-Food Safety and Qualit

    IMEP-26: Determination of Brominated Flame Retardants in Plastic

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    This report presents the results of an interlaboratory comparison (ILC) which focussed on the determination of total bromine, total sum of polybrominated biphenyls (PBB), total sum of polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDE), brominated diphenylethers (BDE-47, BDE-99, BDE-183 and BDE-209) and decabrominated biphenyl (BB-209) in plastic. The test material used in this exercise was the Quality Control material (IRMM-310) from the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) a poly(ethyleneterephthalate) (PET) granulated that has been fortified with commercially available technical mixtures of polybrominated diphenylethers and polybrominated biphenyls. The material was relabelled to avoid its recognition. Twenty-five laboratories from 15 countries registered to the exercise, from which 23 reported results. The informative values provided by the IRMM-310 material information sheet were taken as the assigned values and their associated uncertainties for all measurands. Studies to asses the adequacy of the selected test material regarding its homogeneity for all the selected measurands were undertaken Participants were invited to report the uncertainty of their measurements. Laboratory results were rated with z- and ╬Â-scores (zeta-scores) in accordance with ISO 13528. The standard deviation for proficiency assessment was fixed to 25 % of the respective assigned value by the advisory board of this ILC. The outcome of the exercise was illustrating quite well the difficulties laboratories do have to provide consistent values for the investigated measurands; the share of satisfactory z-scores ranged between 61 and 88 %. There was a clear tendency to underestimate most of the measurands. The most influencing variables, leading to the observed variability and lack of trueness, were investigated.JRC.DG.D.6-Food Safety and Qualit

    Comparative Testing Report on the Quantification of Maize Line DAS-59122-7 and Oilseed rape Line GT73 (RT73) - Comparative testing round: ILC-EURL-GMFF-CT-01/12

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    In the frame of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004, the European Union Reference Laboratory for Genetically Modified Food and Feed has the duty to organise comparative testing rounds and to ensure an appropriate follow-up of these activities. This report describes the outcome of the fifth comparative testing round ILC-EURL-GMFF-CT-01/12. Participants had to determine the content of oilseed rape event GT73 and maize event 59122 in two test items denoted genomic DNA levels 1 and 2, containing different GM percentages of both GM events. This comparative testing round was organised in collaboration with the Food Safety and Quality Unit of the Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (Geel, BE). The test items were produced in-house. The Food Safety and Quality Unit managed the on-line registration and submission of results. A total of 160 laboratories were invited to participate in ILC-EURL-GMFF-CT-01/12. Eighty laboratories from 36 countries returned results, of which 59 were National Reference Laboratories, six were only members of the European Network of GMO Laboratories, three were only Official control laboratories and 12 were laboratories from third countries. Five laboratories including one National Reference Laboratory and four laboratories from third countries did not submit results. In this fifth comparative testing round 92 % to 98 % of participants gained a satisfactory z-score in the range of -2 to +2 for the results expressed in mass/mass % depending on the GM content and the GM event. However, a lower percentage (38 ÔÇô 93 %) of z-scores within the working range of -2 to +2 was calculated for those participants that expressed the results in copy/copy %.JRC.I.3-Molecular Biology and Genomic

    Report of the Third Interlaboratory Comparison Organised by the Community Reference Laboratory for Heavy Metals in Feed and Food - Total Cd, Pb and Hg and Extractable Cd and Pb in Feed

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    The Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) of the European Commission's Directorate-General Joint Research Centre holds the Community Reference Laboratory for Heavy Metals in Feed and Food (CRL-HM). One of its core tasks is to organise interlaboratory comparisons (ILCs) among appointed National Reference Laboratories (NRLs). This report presents the results of the third ILC of the CRL-HM which focused on the determination of total Cd, Pb and Hg and extractable Cd and Pb in feed according to Directive 2002/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on undesirable substances in animal feed. The test material used in this exercise was a commercial compound feed for fish provided by the Centro di Referenza Nazionale per la Sorveglianza e il Controllo degli Alimenti per Animali, Istituto Zooprofilattico del Piemonte. The material, naturally contaminated, was processed, bottled, labelled and dispatched by the Reference Materials Unit of the IRMM. The samples were dispatched on the second half of October 2007. Each participant received one bottle containing approximately 20 g of test material. Thirty-one participants from 25 countries registered to the exercise of which 31 submitted results for total Cd and total Pb, 28 for total Hg, 26 for extractable Cd and 24 for extractable Pb. The assigned values (Xref) were provided by IRMM using isotope dilution-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ID-ICP-MS). The analytical uncertainty of Xref, uchar, was calculated according to the ISO Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM)2. Homogeneity and stability studies were subcontracted to Bundesanstalt f├╝r Materialforschung und ┬┐Pr├╝fung (BAM). The uncertainties of the respective assigned values, uref, were calculated combining the analytical uncertainty, uchar, with a contribution for the between-bottle homogeneity, ubb, and for the short term stability of the test material, usts. Participants were invited to report the uncertainty on their measurements. This was done by 29 laboratories for total Cd, 23 for total Pb, 25 for total Hg, 18 for extractable Cd and 13 for extractable Pb. Laboratory results were rated with z and zeta scores in accordance with ISO 135283. Standard deviation for proficiency assessment (also called target standard deviation) were calculated using the modified Horwitz equation and were 22 % of the assigned value for total Pb and Hg and for extractable Pb and 16 % of the assigned value for total and extractable Cd.JRC.D.4-Isotope measurement

    Report of the Seventh Interlaboratory Comparison organized by the European Union - Reference Laboratory for Heavy Metals in Feed and Food. IMEP-107: Total and Inorganic As in Rice.

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    The Institute for Reference Materials and Measurands (IRMM) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC), a Directorate-General of the European Commission, operates the European Union-Reference Laboratory for Heavy Metals in Feed and Food (EU-RL-HM). Two of its core tasks are to provide advice to the Directorate General for Health and Consumers (DG Sanco) on scientific matters and to organise interlaboratory comparisons (ILC) among appointed National Reference Laboratories (NRLs). This report represents the results of the seventh ILC of the EU-RL-HM (former CRL-HM) which focused on the determination of total and inorganic As in rice. The test item used in this exercise is rice purchased in a local supermarket and was provided by the University of Aberdeen. The test item was processed, bottled and labelled at IRMM and dispatched to the participants the first half of December 2009. Each participant received one bottle containing approximately 20 g of test item. Participation in this exercise was not limited to the NRLs but was open to laboratories from all around the world, to be able to judge the state-of-the-art of the determination of total and, exercise, of which 98 reported results for total As and 30 for inorganic As. Twenty-nine of the participants were NRLs of the EU-RL-HM network, 8 out of which reported values for inorganic As. The assigned values for IMEP-107 were provided by a group of laboratories expert in the field: seven for total As and six for inorganic As. The uncertainties of the respective assigned values, uref, were derived from the standard deviation of the means provided by the experts, propagated with a contribution for homogeneity, ubb, and stability, ust. Laboratory results were rated with z-and ┬┐-scores (zeta-scores) in accordance with ISO 13528. The standard deviation for proficiency assessment (also called target standard deviation) was fixed to 15% by the advisory board of this ILC, on the basis of the outcome of previous ILCs organised by the EU-RL-HL and on the state-of-the-art in this field of analysis. Around 75% of the participants performed satisfactory for total and inorganic As.JRC.DDG.D.6-Food Safety and Qualit

    Report of the Tenth Interlaboratory Comparison Organised by the European Union Reference Laboratory for Heavy Metals in Feed and Food - IMEP-110: Total Arsenic, Cadmium, Mercury and Lead in Vegetable Food

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    The Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC) a Directorate-General of the European Commission operates the European Union Reference Laboratory for Heavy Metals in Feed and Food (EU-RL-HM). One of its core tasks is to organise interlaboratory comparisons (ILCs) among appointed National Reference Laboratories (NRLs). This report presents the results of the tenth ILC of the EU-RL-HM which focused on the determination of total arsenic, cadmium, mercury and lead in vegetable food. The test material used in this exercise was the Standard Reference Material SRM 1570a, spinach leaves of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The material was rebottled and relabelled to prevent recognition by the participants and was dispatched at the beginning of June. Each participant received one bottle containing approximately 15 g of test material. Thirty-five laboratories from 24 countries registered to the exercise of which 35 reported results for total Cd and total Pb, 32 for total As and 31 for total Hg. The assigned values for total As, Cd and Hg are the certified values taken from the SRM 1570a certificate. For total Pb, the "information value" provided by NIST in the SRM certificate was used as assigned value. The uncertainties of the assigned values (uref) for total As, Cd and Hg, were taken directly from the CRM certificate as provided by the producer. No uref is provided by NIST for the total Pb concentration because the total Pb content is only provided as "information value". Participants were invited to report the uncertainty of their measurements. This was done by the majority of the laboratories taking part in this exercise. Laboratories' results were rated with z- and zeta-scores for total As, Cd, and Hg in accordance to ISO 13528. No zeta-scores were given for total Pb because uref was not known for that measurand. The standard deviation for proficiency assessment (also called target standard deviation) was fixed to 15 % for all the measurands by the advisory board of this ILC, on the basis of the outcome of previous ILCs organised by the EU-RL-HM and on the state-of-the-art in this field of analysis. More than 80 % of the participants performed satisfactory for total Cd and Hg. Around 70 % of the participants obtained a satisfactory z-score for total arsenic with a relatively high number (8 laboratories) of participants having overestimated the total content of arsenic in the test material. When looking at the zeta-scores, 60 to 65 % of the reported results were satisfactory when the associated uncertainties are taken into account.JRC.DG.D.6-Food Safety and Qualit

    Report of the Eighth Interlaboratory Comparison organised by the Community Reference Laboratory for Heavy Metals in Feed and Food - Total Cd, Pb, As, Hg and Sn and extractable Cd and Pb in Feed of Plant Origin

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    The Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM)of the Joint Research Centre, a Directorate General of the European Commission, operates the Community Reference Laboratory for Heavy Metals in Feed and Food (CRL-HM). One of its core tasks is to organise interlaboratory comparisons (ILCs) among appointed National Reference Laboratories (NRLs). This report presents the results of the eighth ILC of the CRL-HM which focused on the determination of total Cd, Pb, As, Hg and Sn and extractable amounts of Cd and Pb in feed of plant origin following Directive 2002/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on undesirable substances in animal feed. The test material used in this exercise was a candidate reference material, the matrix being rye grass. The material was relabelled and dispatched to the participants on the second half of October 2009. Each participant received approximately 10 g of test material. Thirty participants from 25 member states registered to the exercise of which 27 reported results for total Cd, Pb and Hg, 23 for extractable Pb, 22 for extractable Cd and for total As and 16 for total Sn. One laboratory did not report results due to a breakdown of the instrumentation, and one laboratory reported results only for Hg for the same reason. The assigned values (Xref) for total Cd, Pb, As, Hg and Sn were the candidate certified values as obtained during the certification. The assigned values for extractable Cd and Pb were provided by IRMM using isotope dilution-inductively coupled plass-mass spectrometry (ID-ICP-MS). Participants were invited to report the uncertainty of their measurements, which was provided by the majority of them. The laboratory performance was evaluated using z- end zeta-scores in accordance with ISO 13528. The standard deviation for proficiency assessment (also called target standard deviation), was fixed to 15% of the assigned values for all measurands on the basis of the outcome of previous ILCs organis.JRC.DDG.D.6-Food Safety and Qualit

    IMEP-31: Total Arsenic, Cadmium, Copper, Lead and Mercury, as well as Extractable Cadmium and Lead in Mineral Feed - Interlaboratory Comparison Report

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    The Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements (IRMM) of the Joint Research Centre (JRC), a Directorate-General of the European Commission, operates the International Measurement Evaluation Programme┬« IMEP. It organises interlaboratory comparisons (ILC's) in support to EU policies. This report presents the results of an ILC which focussed on the determination of total As, Cd, Cu, Pb, and Hg, as well as extractable Cd and Pb in mineral feed according to Directive 2002/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on undesirable substances in animal feed. The test material used in this exercise was the Certified Reference Material (CRM) BCR-032 (Moroccan phosphate rock) from the IRMM. The material was relabelled and each participant received one bottle containing approximately 100 g of test material. Fifty-six laboratories from 26 countries registered to the exercise and 51 of them reported results. Total As, Cd, Cu and Hg were certified in BCR-032 in 1979. The material was re-analysed by two expert laboratories and As an Cd values could be confirmed. Copper could not be analysed in time by an expert laboratory, and thus it was decided to use the indicative value from the certificate as assigned value. The assigned values for total Hg and total Pb were determined at IRMM by a primary method. The same method was used to determine extractable Cd and Pb, whose mass fractions appeared to be identical to the respective total mass fractions and thus the same assigned values were used. The standard deviation for proficiency assessment was set at 11 % for total As, 10 % for total and extractable Cd, 9 % for total Cu, and at 15 % for total Hg based on the modified Horwitz equation and/or the outcome of previous ILCs organised by IMEP. For total and extractable Pb, was set at 25 %. The majority of the laboratories reported uncertainties with their results and were rated with z- and ╬Â-scores (zeta-scores) in accordance with ISO 13528. Performances appear to be good for total & extractable Cd and total & extractable Pb, the percentage of satisfying z-scores ranging between 85 % and 89 %. Share of satisfactory z-scores are significantly lower for total As (61 %), Cu (67 %) and in particular for Hg (47 %). No distinct reason could be given, but it seems altogether that the analytical methods were not always adjusted to the inorganic test material, reflected by some influence of applied technique and inappropriate choice of reference material.JRC.DG.D.6-Food Safety and Qualit
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