104 research outputs found

### Identification of Boundary Conditions Using Natural Frequencies

The present investigation concerns a disc of varying thickness of whose
flexural stiffness $D$ varies with the radius $r$ according to the law $D=D_0
r^m$, where $D_0$ and $m$ are constants. The problem of finding boundary
conditions for fastening this disc, which are inaccessible to direct
observation, from the natural frequencies of its axisymmetric flexural
oscillations is considered. The problem in question belongs to the class of
inverse problems and is a completely natural problem of identification of
boundary conditions. The search for the unknown conditions for fastening the
disc is equivalent to finding the span of the vectors of unknown conditions
coefficients. It is shown that this inverse problem is well posed. Two theorems
on the uniqueness and a theorem on stability of the solution of this problem
are proved, and a method for establishing the unknown conditions for fastening
the disc to the walls is indicated. An approximate formula for determining the
unknown conditions is obtained using first three natural frequencies. The
method of approximate calculation of unknown boundary conditions is explained
with the help of three examples of different cases for the fastening the disc
(rigid clamping, free support, elastic fixing).
Keywords: Boundary conditions, a disc of varying thickness,inverse problem,
Plucker condition.Comment: 19 page

### Scattering theory with finite-gap backgrounds: Transformation operators and characteristic properties of scattering data

We develop direct and inverse scattering theory for Jacobi operators (doubly
infinite second order difference operators) with steplike coefficients which
are asymptotically close to different finite-gap quasi-periodic coefficients on
different sides. We give necessary and sufficient conditions for the scattering
data in the case of perturbations with finite second (or higher) moment.Comment: 23 page

### Uniqueness of the potential function for the vectorial Sturm-Liouville equation on a finite interval

[[abstract]]In this paper, the vectorial Sturm-Liouville operator L Q =−d 2 dx 2 +Q(x) is considered, where Q(x) is an integrable m×m matrix-valued function defined on the interval [0,π] . The authors prove that m 2 +1 characteristic functions can determine the potential function of a vectorial Sturm-Liouville operator uniquely. In particular, if Q(x) is real symmetric, then m(m+1) 2 +1 characteristic functions can determine the potential function uniquely. Moreover, if only the spectral data of self-adjoint problems are considered, then m 2 +1 spectral data can determine Q(x) uniquely.[[notice]]補正完畢[[incitationindex]]SCI[[cooperationtype]]國外[[booktype]]電子

### Differential Calculi on Associative Algebras and Integrable Systems

After an introduction to some aspects of bidifferential calculus on
associative algebras, we focus on the notion of a "symmetry" of a generalized
zero curvature equation and derive Backlund and (forward, backward and binary)
Darboux transformations from it. We also recall a matrix version of the binary
Darboux transformation and, inspired by the so-called Cauchy matrix approach,
present an infinite system of equations solved by it. Finally, we sketch recent
work on a deformation of the matrix binary Darboux transformation in
bidifferential calculus, leading to a treatment of integrable equations with
sources.Comment: 19 pages, to appear in "Algebraic Structures and Applications", S.
Silvestrov et al (eds.), Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics,
202

### Long-Time Asymptotics for the Korteweg-de Vries Equation via Nonlinear Steepest Descent

We apply the method of nonlinear steepest descent to compute the long-time
asymptotics of the Korteweg-de Vries equation for decaying initial data in the
soliton and similarity region. This paper can be viewed as an expository
introduction to this method.Comment: 31 page

### Transmutations and spectral parameter power series in eigenvalue problems

We give an overview of recent developments in Sturm-Liouville theory
concerning operators of transmutation (transformation) and spectral parameter
power series (SPPS). The possibility to write down the dispersion
(characteristic) equations corresponding to a variety of spectral problems
related to Sturm-Liouville equations in an analytic form is an attractive
feature of the SPPS method. It is based on a computation of certain systems of
recursive integrals. Considered as families of functions these systems are
complete in the $L_{2}$-space and result to be the images of the nonnegative
integer powers of the independent variable under the action of a corresponding
transmutation operator. This recently revealed property of the Delsarte
transmutations opens the way to apply the transmutation operator even when its
integral kernel is unknown and gives the possibility to obtain further
interesting properties concerning the Darboux transformed Schr\"{o}dinger
operators.
We introduce the systems of recursive integrals and the SPPS approach,
explain some of its applications to spectral problems with numerical
illustrations, give the definition and basic properties of transmutation
operators, introduce a parametrized family of transmutation operators, study
their mapping properties and construct the transmutation operators for Darboux
transformed Schr\"{o}dinger operators.Comment: 30 pages, 4 figures. arXiv admin note: text overlap with
arXiv:1111.444

### The Wasteland of Random Supergravities

We show that in a general \cal{N} = 1 supergravity with N \gg 1 scalar
fields, an exponentially small fraction of the de Sitter critical points are
metastable vacua. Taking the superpotential and Kahler potential to be random
functions, we construct a random matrix model for the Hessian matrix, which is
well-approximated by the sum of a Wigner matrix and two Wishart matrices. We
compute the eigenvalue spectrum analytically from the free convolution of the
constituent spectra and find that in typical configurations, a significant
fraction of the eigenvalues are negative. Building on the Tracy-Widom law
governing fluctuations of extreme eigenvalues, we determine the probability P
of a large fluctuation in which all the eigenvalues become positive. Strong
eigenvalue repulsion makes this extremely unlikely: we find P \propto exp(-c
N^p), with c, p being constants. For generic critical points we find p \approx
1.5, while for approximately-supersymmetric critical points, p \approx 1.3. Our
results have significant implications for the counting of de Sitter vacua in
string theory, but the number of vacua remains vast.Comment: 39 pages, 9 figures; v2: fixed typos, added refs and clarification

### Necessary condition for the existence of an intertwining operator and classification of transmutations on its basis

The authors study second-order ordinary differential operators with functional coefficients for all derivatives and the Volterra integral operator with a definite kernel. Results of the paper establish a hyperbolic equation and additional conditions that allow one to construct a kernel according to the OD

### Transmutation operators boundary value problems

Transmutation operators method is used to solve and study boundary value problems. In this paper several ways to obtain transformation operators are considered: the finite integral transforms, Neumann series, the Fourier transforms, and reflection techniques. The finite integral transform technique leads to solution in the form of a composition of the Fourier sine transform and inverse finite integral transfor

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