3,181 research outputs found

    Some Remarks on Exotic Resonances

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    Using large NcN_c counting rule, it is argued that tetra-quark resonances do not exist. Also it is pointed out that there exists the violation of exchange degeneracy in the exotic KNKN scattering channel. It implies either the failure of resonance saturation assumption or it suggests the existence of exotic baryon resonances in such a channel.Comment: Talk given at 10th International Symposium on Meson-Nucleon Physics and the Structure of the Nucleon (MENU 2004), Beijing, China, 29 Aug - 4 Sep 200

    Quantum Inverse Square Interaction

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    Hamiltonians with inverse square interaction potential occur in the study of a variety of physical systems and exhibit a rich mathematical structure. In this talk we briefly mention some of the applications of such Hamiltonians and then analyze the case of the N-body rational Calogero model as an example. This model has recently been shown to admit novel solutions, whose properties are discussed.Comment: Talk presented at the conference "Space-time and Fundamental Interactions: Quantum Aspects" in honour of Prof. A.P.Balachandran's 65th birthday, Vietri sul Mare, Italy, 26 - 31 May, 2003, Latex file, 9 pages. Some references added in the replaced versio

    The dual parameterization of the proton generalized parton distribution functions H and E and description of the DVCS cross sections and asymmetries

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    We develop the minimal model of a new leading order parameterization of GPDs introduced by Shuvaev and Polyakov. The model for GPDs H and E is formulated in terms of the forward quark distributions, the Gegenbauer moments of the D-term and the forward limit of the GPD E. The model is designed primarely for small and medium-size values of x_B, x_B \leq 0.2. We examined two different models of the t-dependence of the GPDs: The factorized exponential model and the non-factorized Regge-motivated model. Using our model, we successfully described the DVCS cross section measured by H1 and ZEUS, the moments of the beam-spin A_{LU}^{\sin \phi}, beam-charge A_{C}^{\cos \phi} and transversely-polarized target A_{UT}^{\sin \phi \cos \phi} DVCS asymmetries measured by HERMES and A_{LU}^{\sin \phi} measured by CLAS. The data on A_{C}^{\cos \phi} prefers the Regge-motivated model of the t-dependence of the GPDs. The data on A_{UT}^{\sin \phi \cos \phi} indicates that the u and d quarks carry only a small fraction of the proton total angular momentum.Comment: 33 pages, 11 figure

    Computing Quantiles in Markov Reward Models

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    Probabilistic model checking mainly concentrates on techniques for reasoning about the probabilities of certain path properties or expected values of certain random variables. For the quantitative system analysis, however, there is also another type of interesting performance measure, namely quantiles. A typical quantile query takes as input a lower probability bound p and a reachability property. The task is then to compute the minimal reward bound r such that with probability at least p the target set will be reached before the accumulated reward exceeds r. Quantiles are well-known from mathematical statistics, but to the best of our knowledge they have not been addressed by the model checking community so far. In this paper, we study the complexity of quantile queries for until properties in discrete-time finite-state Markov decision processes with non-negative rewards on states. We show that qualitative quantile queries can be evaluated in polynomial time and present an exponential algorithm for the evaluation of quantitative quantile queries. For the special case of Markov chains, we show that quantitative quantile queries can be evaluated in time polynomial in the size of the chain and the maximum reward.Comment: 17 pages, 1 figure; typo in example correcte

    New insight into WDVV equation

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    We show that Witten-Dijkgraaf-Verlinde-Verlinde equation underlies the construction of N=4 superconformal multi--particle mechanics in one dimension, including a N=4 superconformal Calogero model.Comment: 16 pages, no figures, LaTeX file, PACS: 04.60.Ds; 11.30.P

    Quantum Cosmology and Conformal Invariance

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    According to Belinsky, Khalatnikov and Lifshitz, gravity near a space-like singularity reduces to a set of decoupled one-dimensional mechanical models at each point in space. We point out that these models fall into a class of conformal mechanical models first introduced by de Alfaro, Fubini and Furlan (DFF). The deformation used by DFF to render the spectrum discrete corresponds to a negative cosmological constant. The wave function of the universe is the zero-energy eigenmode of the Hamiltonian, also known as the spherical vector of the representation of the conformal group SO(1,2). A new class of conformal quantum mechanical models is constructed, based on the quantization of nilpotent coadjoint orbits, where the conformal group is enhanced to an ADE non-compact group for which the spherical vector is known.Comment: 4 pages, latex2e, uses revtex

    Spacetime Emergence in the Robertson-Walker Universe from a Matrix model

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    Using a novel, string theory-inspired formalism based on a Hamiltonian constraint, we obtain a conformal mechanical system for the spatially flat four-dimensional Robertson-Walker Universe. Depending on parameter choices, this system describes either a relativistic particle in the Robertson-Walker background, or metric fluctuations of the Robertson-Walker geometry. Moreover we derive a tree-level M-theory matrix model in this time-dependent background. Imposing the Hamiltonian constraint forces the spacetime geometry to be fuzzy near the big bang, while the classical Robertson-Walker geometry emerges as the Universe expands. From our approach we also derive the temperature of the Universe interpolating between the radiation and matter dominated eras.Comment: 4 pages - accepted for publication in Physical Review Letter
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