889 research outputs found

    hbar-(Yangian) Deformation of Miura Map and Virasoro Algebra

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    An hbar-deformed Virasoro Poisson algebra is obtained using the Wakimoto realization of the Sugawara operator for the Yangian double DY_\hbar(sl_2)_c at the critical level c=-2.Comment: LaTeX file, 43kb, No Figures. Serious misprints corrected, one more reference to E. Frenkel adde

    Reconstruction of universal Drinfeld twists from representations

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    Universal Drinfeld twists are inner automorphisms which relate the coproduct of a quantum enveloping algebra to the coproduct of the undeformed enveloping algebra. Even though they govern the deformation theory of classical symmetries and have appeared in numerous applications, no twist for a semi-simple quantum enveloping algebra has ever been computed. It is argued that universal twists can be reconstructed from their well known representations. A method to reconstruct an arbitrary element of the enveloping algebra from its irreducible representations is developed. For the twist this yields an algebra valued generating function to all orders in the deformation parameter, expressed by a combination of basic and ordinary hypergeometric functions. An explicit expression for the universal twist of su(2) is given up to third order.Comment: 24 page

    On reflection algebras and twisted Yangians

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    It is known that integrable models associated to rational RR matrices give rise to certain non-abelian symmetries known as Yangians. Analogously `boundary' symmetries arise when general but still integrable boundary conditions are implemented, as originally argued by Delius, Mackay and Short from the field theory point of view, in the context of the principal chiral model on the half line. In the present study we deal with a discrete quantum mechanical system with boundaries, that is the NN site gl(n)gl(n) open quantum spin chain. In particular, the open spin chain with two distinct types of boundary conditions known as soliton preserving and soliton non-preserving is considered. For both types of boundaries we present a unified framework for deriving the corresponding boundary non-local charges directly at the quantum level. The non-local charges are simply coproduct realizations of particular boundary quantum algebras called `boundary' or twisted Yangians, depending on the choice of boundary conditions. Finally, with the help of linear intertwining relations between the solutions of the reflection equation and the generators of the boundary or twisted Yangians we are able to exhibit the symmetry of the open spin chain, namely we show that a number of the boundary non-local charges are in fact conserved quantitiesComment: 16 pages LATEX, clarifications and generalizations added, typos corrected. To appear in JM

    Quantum Affine Lie Algebras, Casimir Invariants and Diagonalization of the Braid Generator

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    Let Uq(G^)U_q(\hat{\cal G}) be an infinite-dimensional quantum affine Lie algebra. A family of central elements or Casimir invariants are constructed and their eigenvalues computed in any integrable irreducible highest weight representation. These eigenvalue formulae are shown to absolutely convergent when the deformation parameter qq is such that q>1|q|>1. It is proven that the universal R-matrix RR of Uq(G^)U_q(\hat{\cal G}) satisfies the celebrated conjugation relation R=TRR^\dagger=TR with TT the usual twist map. As applications, the braid generator is shown to be diagonalizable on arbitrary tensor product modules of integrable irreducible highest weight Uq(G^)U_q(\hat{\cal G})-modules and a spectral decomposition formula for the braid generator is obtained which is the generalization of Reshetikhin's and Gould's forms to the present affine case. Casimir invariants acting on a specified module are also constructed and their eigenvalues, again absolutely convergent for q>1|q|>1, computed by means of the spectral decomposition formula.Comment: 22 pages (many changes are made

    Quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equation associated with Uq(A2(2))U_q(A_2^{(2)}) for q=1|q|=1

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    We present an integral representation to the quantum Knizhnik-Zamolodchikov equation associated with twisted affine symmetry Uq(A2(2))U_q(A_2^{(2)}) for massless regime q=1|q|=1. Upon specialization, it leads to a conjectural formula for the correlation function of the Izergin-Korepin model in massless regime q=1|q|=1. In a limiting case q1q \to -1, our conjectural formula reproduce the correlation function for the Izergin-Korepin model at xritical point q=1q=-1.Comment: LaTEX2e, 18page

    Twisting cocycles in fundamental representation and triangular bicrossproduct Hopf algebras

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    We find the general solution to the twisting equation in the tensor bialgebra T(R)T({\bf R}) of an associative unital ring R{\bf R} viewed as that of fundamental representation for a universal enveloping Lie algebra and its quantum deformations. We suggest a procedure of constructing twisting cocycles belonging to a given quasitriangular subbialgebra HT(R){\cal H}\subset T({\bf R}). This algorithm generalizes Reshetikhin's approach, which involves cocycles fulfilling the Yang-Baxter equation. Within this framework we study a class of quantized inhomogeneous Lie algebras related to associative rings in a certain way, for which we build twisting cocycles and universal RR-matrices. Our approach is a generalization of the methods developed for the case of commutative rings in our recent work including such well-known examples as Jordanian quantization of the Borel subalgebra of sl(2)sl(2) and the null-plane quantized Poincar\'e algebra by Ballesteros at al. We reveal the role of special group cohomologies in this process and establish the bicrossproduct structure of the examples studied.Comment: 20 pages, LaTe

    SO(5) structure of p-wave superconductivity for spin-dipole interaction model

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    A closed SO(5) algebraic structure in the the mean-field form of the Hamiltonian the pure p-wave superconductivity is found that can help to diagonalized by making use of the Bogoliubov rotation instead of the Balian-Werthamer approach. we point out that the eigenstate is nothing but SO(5)-coherent state with fermionic realization. By applying the approach to the Hamiltonian with dipole interaction of Leggett the consistency between the diagonalization and gap equation is proved through the double-time Green function. The relationship between the s-wave and p-wave superconductivities turns out to be recognized through Yangian algebra, a new type of infinite-dimensional algebra.Comment: 7 pages, no figures. Accepted Journal of Physcis A: Mathematical and Genera

    Topological Quantum Liquids with Quaternion Non-Abelian Statistics

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    Noncollinear magnetic order is typically characterized by a "tetrad" ground state manifold (GSM) of three perpendicular vectors or nematic-directors. We study three types of tetrad orders in two spatial dimensions, whose GSMs are SO(3) = S^3/Z_2, S^3/Z_4, and S^3/Q_8, respectively. Q_8 denotes the non-Abelian quaternion group with eight elements. We demonstrate that after quantum disordering these three types of tetrad orders, the systems enter fully gapped liquid phases described by Z_2, Z_4, and non-Abelian quaternion gauge field theories, respectively. The latter case realizes Kitaev's non-Abelian toric code in terms of a rather simple spin-1 SU(2) quantum magnet. This non-Abelian topological phase possesses a 22-fold ground state degeneracy on the torus arising from the 22 representations of the Drinfeld double of Q_8.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figure

    Twisting 2-cocycles for the construction of new non-standard quantum groups

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    We introduce a new class of 2-cocycles defined explicitly on the generators of certain multiparameter standard quantum groups. These allow us, through the process of twisting the familiar standard quantum groups, to generate new as well as previously known examples of non-standard quantum groups. In particular we are able to construct generalisations of both the Cremmer-Gervais deformation of SL(3) and the so called esoteric quantum groups of Fronsdal and Galindo in an explicit and straightforward manner.Comment: 21 pages, AMSLaTeX, expanded introduction and a few other minor corrections, to appear in JM

    Toroidal and level 0 U'_q(\hat{sl_{n+1}}) actions on U_q(\hat{gl_{n+1}}) modules

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    (1) Utilizing a Braid group action on a completion of U_q(\hat{sl_{n+1}}), an algebra homomorphism from the toroidal algebra U_q(sl_{n+1,tor}) (n\ge 2) with fixed parameter to a completion of U_q(\hat{gl_{n+1}}) is obtained. (2) The toroidal actions by Saito induces a level 0 U'_q(\hat{sl_{n+1}}) action on level 1 integrable highest weight modules of U_q(\hat{sl_{n+1}}). Another level 0 U'_q(\hat{sl_{n+1}}) action is defined by Jimbo, et al., in the case n=1. Using the fact that the intertwiners of U_q(\hat{sl_{n+1}}) modules are intertwiners of toroidal modules for an appropriate comultiplication, the relation between these two level 0 U'_q(\hat{sl_{n+1}}) actions is clarified.Comment: Latex, 20 page