571 research outputs found

    Comment on "Magnetic response of Disordered Metallic Rings: Large Contributions of Far Levels"

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    Comment on cond-mat/0205390; PRL 90, 026805 (2003

    Critical Current in the High-T_c Glass model

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    The high-T_c glass model can be combined with the repulsive tt'--Hubbard model as microscopic description of the striped domains found in the high-T_c materials. In this picture the finite Hubbard clusters are the origin of the d-wave pairing. In this paper we show, that the glass model can also explain the critical currents usually observed in the high-T_c materials. We use two different approaches to calculate the critical current densities of the high-T_c glass model. Both lead to a strongly anisotropic critical current. Finally we give an explanation, why we expect nonetheless a nearly perfect isotropic critical current in the high-T_c superconductors.Comment: 8 pages with 5 eps-figures, LaTeX using RevTeX, accepted by Int.J.Mod.Phys.

    Decoherence without dissipation?

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    In a recent article, Ford, Lewis and O'Connell (PRA 64, 032101 (2001)) discuss a thought experiment in which a Brownian particle is subjected to a double-slit measurement. Analyzing the decay of the emerging interference pattern, they derive a decoherence rate that is much faster than previous results and even persists in the limit of vanishing dissipation. This result is based on the definition of a certain attenuation factor, which they analyze for short times. In this note, we point out that this attenuation factor captures the physics of decoherence only for times larger than a certain time t_mix, which is the time it takes until the two emerging wave packets begin to overlap. Therefore, the strategy of Ford et al of extracting the decoherence time from the regime t < t_mix is in our opinion not meaningful. If one analyzes the attenuation factor for t > t_mix, one recovers familiar behaviour for the decoherence time; in particular, no decoherence is seen in the absence of dissipation. The latter conclusion is confirmed with a simple calculation of the off-diagonal elements of the reduced density matrix.Comment: 8 pages, 4 figure

    Collective modes and electromagnetic response of a chiral superconductor

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    Motivated by the recent controversy surrounding the Kerr effect measurements in strontium ruthenate \cite{xia:167002}, we examine the electromagnetic response of a clean chiral p-wave superconductor. When the contributions of the collective modes are accounted for, the Hall response in a clean chiral superconductor is smaller by several orders of magnitude than previous theoretical predictions and is too small to explain the experiment. We also uncover some unusual features of the collective modes of a chiral superconductor, namely, that they are not purely longitudinal and couple to external transverse fields.Comment: 8 page

    Quantum Master Equation of Particle in Gas Environment

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    The evolution of the reduced density operator ρ\rho of Brownian particle is discussed in single collision approach valid typically in low density gas environments. This is the first succesful derivation of quantum friction caused by {\it local} environmental interactions. We derive a Lindblad master equation for ρ\rho, whose generators are calculated from differential cross section of a single collision between Brownian and gas particles, respectively. The existence of thermal equilibrium for ρ\rho is proved. Master equations proposed earlier are shown to be particular cases of our one.Comment: 6 pages PlainTeX, 23-March-199

    Subgap features due to quasiparticle tunneling in quantum dots coupled to superconducting leads

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    We present a microscopic theory of transport through quantum dot set-ups coupled to superconducting leads. We derive a master equation for the reduced density matrix to lowest order in the tunneling Hamiltonian and focus on quasiparticle tunneling. For high enough temperatures transport occurs in the subgap region due to thermally excited quasiparticles, which can be used to observe excited states of the system for low bias voltages. On the example of a double quantum dot we show how subgap transport spectroscopy can be done. Moreover, we use the single level quantum dot coupled to a normal and a superconducting lead to give a possible explanation for the subgap features observed in the experiments published in Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 192103 (2009).Comment: 18 pages, 20 figures, revised according to published versio