25 research outputs found

    Equitable active transport for female cyclists

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    This study addresses the call for new insights to improve equity in active transportation systems by exploring the experiences of female cyclists in Lagos, Nigeria. Qualitative data were collected and triangulated from three different sources – four weeks of ethnographic fieldwork, which involved riding with and observing female cyclists and observing the built environment, semi-structured interviews with 21 female cyclists and street intercepts with 61 female participants across various locations in the city. These data were thematically analysed to establish the social, socio-demographics and spatial disparities concerning female cyclists. The study identifies socio-demographic background, accessibility, and infrastructures as some challenges. However, cycling clubs and charities supporting girl cyclists were recognised as initiatives to encourage equitable active transportation and for raising awareness about the social, health and environmental benefits of cycling. The study also presents theoretical and practical implications that can influence the planning, development, and management of equitable active transportation, calling on stakeholders to adopt a place-centred approach for active transport development

    The influence of road safety culture on driver behaviour: a study of Nigerian drivers

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    Unsafe driver behaviour is regarded as the most significant contributory factor in road traffic crashes in Nigeria, and the prevailing road safety culture in the country is one aspect which sustains the high crash rate. This research used a problem-oriented approach with the intention to recommend research-based solutions to road safety problems in Nigeria while considering cultural and environmental factors that provoke different driving styles and behaviours. It aims to identify which, among culture and road environment, has a stronger influence on drivers’ behaviour and how behavioural changes can be achieved. To achieve this, a multi-method approach was adopted in different phases. Phase 1, an exploratory study involved on-road observation of traffic behaviour and conflicts in Nigeria using the Traffic Conflict Technique (TCT). It provided an understanding of the general traffic behaviour of various road users, showed the effect of various factors on conflict severity and helped to identify the most prevalent unsafe behaviours found in this environment. Based on the results of this study, a driving simulator experiment was designed and carried out in Phase 2, comparing the driving style of three groups of drivers in varying road conditions. These were Nigerians with no experience of driving in the United Kingdom (UK), Nigerians with some experience of driving in the UK and UK drivers. The conditions varied depending on how much regulation was provided (low or high infrastructure). A short road safety awareness-raising intervention for Nigerian drivers with no experience of driving in the UK was also evaluated. It was hypothesised that those Nigerian drivers with no experience of driving in a highly regulated UK road system would not be encouraged to adopt a safe driving style. This would have implications for the use of road safety interventions in Nigeria that have been developed outside the Nigerian context. In addition, participants completed the Driving Behaviour Questionnaire (DBQ) to compare reported behaviour and objectively measured driving behaviour in various traffic scenarios (overtaking, lane changing, car following etc.). Since many road safety measures could not evaluated for Nigerian drivers in phase 2, a focus group study was conducted in Phase 3 with the lead road safety agency in Nigeria-the Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC). The study investigated the perceived effectiveness and ease of implementation of a wide range of road safety measures on drivers’ behaviour including those that were evaluated in Phase 2 (simple engineering measures and awareness-raising campaigns). Results provided a greater understanding of the road safety situation in Nigeria. Some of the unsafe behaviours identified in Phase 1 are distinct and can only be found in a particular cultural environment like Nigeria because of the traffic conditions and vehicle fleet. Investigating some of these behaviours in Phase 2 and comparing them with the behaviour of drivers from other cultures showed that there were distinct differences in behaviour between all the groups in most of the traffic scenarios. Nigerian drivers with no experience of driving in the UK were more likely to engage in unsafe driving behaviours compared to other groups. Improvements in the road environment did not bring about any significant changes in the behaviour of this group of drivers. However, small changes were observed after the awareness-raising intervention. The results indicate that the behaviour of drivers are interpretable in relation to their traffic safety culture, and are only partly influenced by their driving environment. Specifically, drivers’ traffic safety culture has a greater influence on their behaviour compared to changes in the road environment. Findings from the focus group study in phase 3 revealed that road safety measures such as education and information campaigns are perceived to have the potential to be very effective and easy to implement in Nigeria compared to other measures. The research findings provide an innovative approach to defining the key safety-critical behaviours which are prevalent in Nigeria as well as starting to understand how features of the road environment and/or training could be used to improve the road safety record in Nigeria. It also has implications for the design of road safety interventions in developing countries, particularly with respect to the non-portability of infrastructure measures from developing countries

    Driving the electric vehicle agenda in Nigeria: The challenges, prospects and opportunities

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    In Nigeria, a developing country and prominent oil producer, the transition towards electric vehicle adoption is unfolding amidst unique challenges. This study addresses crucial research gaps concerning Electric vehicle adoption in developing nations, with Nigeria as a focal point. Through interviews with 31 experts, we have uncovered a landscape filled with challenges and opportunities. The hurdles include a scarcity of charging infrastructure, a heavy reliance on fossil fuels, affordability issues, and unequal access to energy. On the bright side, there are prospects for cost savings backed by government support, adaptable manufacturers, and the potential for renewable energy utilisation. We propose comprehensive awareness campaigns to fast-track electric vehicle adoption, expanding charging infrastructure, government-driven policies, and integrating localised technology, specifically focusing on last-mile transport. Our study contributes valuable insights into Electric vehicle adoption in developing countries, offering theoretical and practical implications for sustainable transportation solutions
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