17,272 research outputs found

    The anisotropy of a three- and a one-form

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    We calculate the anisotropic signal associated with the coupling of a three-form with an Abelian vector gauge field. In the simplest examples of three-form inflation the amplification of the vector fluctuations is exponential; this makes it almost certain that a large anisotropy will develop, severely constraining the viability of the coupling

    Pseudoscalar N-flation and axial coupling revisited

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    We revisit the dynamics of the axial coupling between many N-flatons and an Abelian gauge field, with special attention to its statistically anisotropic signal. The anisotropic power spectrum of curvature perturbations associated to the large wavelength modes of the gauge vector field is generally undetectable, since the anisotropy is confined to small scales. If the gauge field is the electromagnetic field, provided that the number of fields participating in the exponential expansion is large, it could be possible to generate sizable large scale magnetic fields. However, its spectrum is blue, and appreciable power on large scales implies an overly strong field on smaller scales, incompatibly with observations. Furthermore, the anisotropy is also markedly enhanced, and might be at odds with the isotropic observed sky. These aspects further demand that the scale of inflation is kept to a minimum.Comment: 14 pages - v2 with minor changes in the conclusions, v3 to match published versio

    Three-magnetic fields

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    A completely new mechanism to generate the observed amount of large-scale cosmological magnetic fields is introduced in the context of three-form inflation. The amplification of the fields occurs via fourth order dynamics of the vector perturbations and avoids the backreaction problem that plagues most previously introduced mechanisms.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures -- v2 as published (title changed in the published version to "Cosmic magnetization in three-form inflation"

    Doubly-boosted vector cosmologies from disformal metrics

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    A systematic dynamical system approach is applied to study the cosmology of anisotropic Bianchi I universes in which a vector field is assumed to operate on a disformal frame. This study yields a number of new fixed points, among which anisotropic scaling solutions. Within the simplifying assumption of (nearly) constant-slope potentials these are either not stable attractors, do not describe accelerating expansion or else they feature too large anisotropies to be compatible with observations. Nonetheless, some solutions do have an appeal for cosmological applications in that isotropy is retained due to rapid oscillations of the vector field.Comment: 11 pages, 4 figures, prepared during the NORDITA Extended Theories of Gravity program. arXiv admin note: substantial text overlap with arXiv:1407.344

    Broadband Spectrum Survey Measurements for Cognitive Radio Applications

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    It is well known that the existing spectrum licensing system results in a gross under-utilization of the frequency spectrum. Spectrum background measurements – spectrum surveys – provide useful data for spectrum regulation, planning or finding frequency niches for spectrum sharing. Dynamic spectrum sharing as a main goal of cognitive radio (CR) is the modern option on how to optimize usage of the frequency spectrum. A spectrum survey measurement system is introduced with results obtained from a variety of markedly different scenarios allowing us, unlike other studies, to focus on wideband and fast spectrum scans. The sensitivity of the receiver is no worse than -113 dBm in the whole band. The utilization of the frequency spectrum is analyzed to prove its under-utilization and to show spectrum sharing opportunities. This was shown to be true in the frequency band higher than 2.5 GHz. A comparison with other spectrum survey campaigns is provided
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