2,091 research outputs found

    String Entanglement and D-branes as Pure States

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    We study the entanglement of closed strings degrees of freedom in order to investigate the microscopic structure and statistics of objects as D-branes. By considering the macroscopic pure state (MPS) limit, whenever the entanglement entropy goes to zero (in such a way that the macroscopic properties of the state are preserved), we show that boundary states may be recovered in this limit and, furthermore, the description through closed string (perturbative) degrees of freedom collapses. We also show how the thermal properties of branes and closed strings could be described by this model, and it requires that dissipative effects be taken into account. Extensions of the MPS analysis to more general systems at finite temperature are finally emphasized.Comment: 14 pages. Minor improvements. Published in Phys. Rev.

    Wigner functions of thermo number state, photon subtracted and added thermo vacuum state at finite temperature

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    Based on Takahashi-Umezawa thermo field dynamics and the order-invariance of Weyl ordered operators under similar transformations, we present a new approach to deriving the exact Wigner functions of thermo number state, photon subtracted and added thermo vacuum state. We find that these Wigner functions are related to the Gaussian-Laguerre type functions of temperature, whose statistical properties are then analysed.Comment: 10 pages and 2 figure

    Diagonalization of full finite temperature Green's function by quasi-particles

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    For thermal systems, standard perturbation theory breaks down because of the absence of stable, observable asymptotic states. We show, how the introduction of {\it statistical} quasi-particles (stable, but not observable) gives rise to a consistent description. Statistical and spectral information can be cleanly separated also for interacting systems.Comment: 9 pages in standard LaTe

    No-cloning theorem in thermofield dynamics

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    We discuss the relation between the no-cloning theorem from quantum information and the doubling procedure used in the formalism of thermofield dynamics (TFD). We also discuss how to apply the no-cloning theorem in the context of thermofield states defined in TFD. Consequences associated to mixed states, von Neumann entropy and thermofield vacuum are also addressed.Comment: 16 pages, 3 figure

    Strong CP violation and chiral symmetry breaking in hot and dense quark matter

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    We investigate chiral symmetry breaking and strong CP violation effects in the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter. We demonstrate the effect of strong CP violating terms on the phase structure at finite temperature and densities in a 3-flavor Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model including the Kobayashi-Maskawa-t'Hooft (KMT) determinant term. This is investigated using an explicit structure for the ground state in terms of quark-antiquark condensates for both in the scalar and the pseudoscalar channels. CP restoring transition with temperature at zero baryon density is found to be a second order transition at θ=π\theta = \pi while the same at finite chemical potential and small temperature turns out to be a first order transition. Within the model, the tri-critical point turns out to be (Tc,μc)(273,94)(T_c,\mu_c)\simeq(273,94) MeV at θ=π\theta = \pi for such a transition.Comment: 10 pages, 12 figure

    The Delta-Hole model at Finite Temperature

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    The spectral function of pions interacting with a gas of nucleons and Delta-33-resonances is investigated using the formalism of Thermo Field Dynamics. After a discussion of the zero Delta-width approximation at finite temperature, we take into account a constant width of the resonance. Apart from a full numerical calculation, we give analytical approximations to the pionic spectral function including such a width. They are found to be different from previous approximations, and require an increase of the effective Delta-width in hot compressed nuclear matter. The results are summarized in an effective dispersion relation for interacting pions.Comment: 34 pages in standard LaTeX GSI-preprint No. GSI-93-2

    Interior gap superfluidity in a two-component Fermi gas of atoms

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    A new superfluid phase in Fermi matter, termed as "interior gap" (IG) or "breached pair", has been recently predicted by Liu and Wilczek [Phys.Rev.Lett. {\bf 90}, 047002 (2003)]. This results from pairing between fermions of two species having essentially different Fermi surfaces. Using a nonperturbative variational approach, we analyze the features, such as energy gap, momentum distributions, and elementary excitations associated with the predicted phase. We discuss possible realization of this phase in two-component Fermi gases in an optical trap.Comment: 5 page

    Topological Discrete Algebra, Ground State Degeneracy, and Quark Confinement in QCD

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    Based on the permutation group formalism, we present a discrete symmetry algebra in QCD. The discrete algebra is hidden symmetry in QCD, which is manifest only on a space-manifold with non-trivial topology. Quark confinement in the presence of the dynamical quarks is discussed in terms of the discrete symmetry algebra. It is shown that the quark deconfinement phase has the ground state degeneracy depending on the topology of the space, which gives a gauge-invariant distinction between the confinement and deconfinement phases. We also point out that new quantum numbers relating to the fractional quantum Hall effect exist in the deconfinement phase.Comment: 11 pages, 1 figur
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