58 research outputs found

    Extrapolation of the Zalpha-Expansion and Two--Loop Bound--State Energy Shifts

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    Quantum electrodynamic (QED) effects that shift the binding energies of hydrogenic energy levels have been expressed in terms of a semi-analytic expansion in powers of Zalpha and ln[(Zalpha)^{-2}], where Z is the nuclear charge number and alpha is the fine-structure constant. For many QED effects, numerical data are available in the domain of high Z where the Zalpha expansion fails. In this Letter, we demonstrate that it is possible, within certain limits of accuracy, to extrapolate the Zalpha-expansion from the low-Z to the high-Z domain. We also review two-loop self-energy effects and provide an estimate for the problematic nonlogarithmic coefficient B_60.Comment: 10 pages, LaTeX, Phys. Lett. B, in pres

    Double-Logarithmic Two-Loop Self-Energy Corrections to the Lamb Shift

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    Self-energy corrections involving logarithms of the parameter Zalpha can often be derived within a simplified approach, avoiding calculational difficulties typical of the problematic non-logarithmic corrections (as customary in bound-state quantum electrodynamics, we denote by Z the nuclear charge number, and by alpha the fine-structure constant). For some logarithmic corrections, it is sufficient to consider internal properties of the electron characterized by form factors. We provide a detailed derivation of related self-energy ``potentials'' that give rise to the logarithmic corrections; these potentials are local in coordinate space. We focus on the double-logarithmic two-loop coefficient B_62 for P states and states with higher angular momenta in hydrogenlike systems. We complement the discussion by a systematic derivation of B_62 based on nonrelativistic quantum electrodynamics (NRQED). In particular, we find that an additional double logarithm generated by the loop-after-loop diagram cancels when the entire gauge-invariant set of two-loop self-energy diagrams is considered. This double logarithm is not contained in the effective-potential approach.Comment: 14 pages, 1 figure; references added and typographical errors corrected; to appear in Phys. Rev.

    Extension of the sum rule for the transition rates between multiplets to the multiphoton case

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    The sum rule for the transition rates between the components of two multiplets, known for the one-photon transitions, is extended to the multiphoton transitions in hydrogen and hydrogen-like ions. As an example the transitions 3p-2p, 4p-3p and 4d-3d are considered. The numerical results are compared with previous calculations.Comment: 10 pages, 4 table

    Two-Loop Effects and Current Status of the 4He+ Lamb Shift

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    We report on recent progress in the treatment of two-loop binding corrections to the Lamb shift, with a special emphasis on S and P states. We use these and other results in order to infer an updated theoretical value of the Lamb shift in 4He+.Comment: 11 pages, nrc1 style; paper presented at PSAS (2006), Venic

    Semi-Analytic Approach to Higher-Order Corrections in Simple Muonic Bound Systems: Vacuum Polarization, Self-Energy and Radiative-Recoil

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    The current discrepancy of theory and experiment observed recently in muonic hydrogen necessitates a reinvestigation of all corrections to contribute to the Lamb shift in muonic hydrogen muH, muonic deuterium muD, the muonic 3He ion, as well as in the muonic 4He ion. Here, we choose a semi-analytic approach and evaluate a number of higher-order corrections to vacuum polarization (VP) semi-analytically, while remaining integrals over the spectral density of VP are performed numerically. We obtain semi-analytic results for the second-order correction, and for the relativistic correction to VP. The self-energy correction to VP is calculated, including the perturbations of the Bethe logarithms by vacuum polarization. Subleading logarithmic terms in the radiative-recoil correction to the 2S-2P Lamb shift of order alpha (Zalpha)^5 mu^3 ln(Zalpha)/(m_mu m_N) are also obtained. All calculations are nonperturbative in the mass ratio of orbiting particle and nucleus.Comment: 10 pages; svjour style; to appear in the European Physical Journal

    Toward high-precision values of the self energy of non-S states in hydrogen and hydrogen-like ions

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    The method and status of a study to provide numerical, high-precision values of the self-energy level shift in hydrogen and hydrogen-like ions is described. Graphs of the self energy in hydrogen-like ions with nuclear charge number between 20 and 110 are given for a large number of states. The self-energy is the largest contribution of Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) to the energy levels of these atomic systems. These results greatly expand the number of levels for which the self energy is known with a controlled and high precision. Applications include the adjustment of the Rydberg constant and atomic calculations that take into account QED effects.Comment: Minor changes since previous versio

    Some Recent Advances in Bound-State Quantum Electrodynamics

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    We discuss recent progress in various problems related to bound-state quantum electrodynamics: the bound-electron g factor, two-loop self-energy corrections and the laser-dressed Lamb shift. The progress relies on various advances in the bound-state formalism, including ideas inspired by effective field theories such as Nonrelativistic Quantum Electrodynamics. Radiative corrections in dynamical processes represent a promising field for further investigations.Comment: 12 pages, nrc1 LaTeX styl

    Generalized Nonanalytic Expansions, PT-Symmetry and Large-Order Formulas for Odd Anharmonic Oscillators

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    The concept of a generalized nonanalytic expansion which involves nonanalytic combinations of exponentials, logarithms and powers of a coupling is introduced and its use illustrated in various areas of physics. Dispersion relations for the resonance energies of odd anharmonic oscillators are discussed, and higher-order formulas are presented for cubic and quartic potentials

    Spectrum of One-Dimensional Anharmonic Oscillators

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    We use a power-series expansion to calculate the eigenvalues of anharmonic oscillators bounded by two infinite walls. We show that for large finite values of the separation of the walls, the calculated eigenvalues are of the same high accuracy as the values recently obtained for the unbounded case by the inner-product quantization method. We also apply our method to the Morse potential. The eigenvalues obtained in this case are in excellent agreement with the exact values for the unbounded Morse potential.Comment: 11 pages, 5 figures, 4 tables; there are changes to match the version published in Can. J. Phy

    Resummation of the Divergent Perturbation Series for a Hydrogen Atom in an Electric Field

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    We consider the resummation of the perturbation series describing the energy displacement of a hydrogenic bound state in an electric field (known as the Stark effect or the LoSurdo-Stark effect), which constitutes a divergent formal power series in the electric field strength. The perturbation series exhibits a rich singularity structure in the Borel plane. Resummation methods are presented which appear to lead to consistent results even in problematic cases where isolated singularities or branch cuts are present on the positive and negative real axis in the Borel plane. Two resummation prescriptions are compared: (i) a variant of the Borel-Pade resummation method, with an additional improvement due to utilization of the leading renormalon poles (for a comprehensive discussion of renormalons see [M. Beneke, Phys. Rep. vol. 317, p. 1 (1999)]), and (ii) a contour-improved combination of the Borel method with an analytic continuation by conformal mapping, and Pade approximations in the conformal variable. The singularity structure in the case of the LoSurdo-Stark effect in the complex Borel plane is shown to be similar to (divergent) perturbative expansions in quantum chromodynamics.Comment: 14 pages, RevTeX, 3 tables, 1 figure; numerical accuracy of results enhanced; one section and one appendix added and some minor changes and additions; to appear in phys. rev.