773 research outputs found

### Analytic model for galaxy and dark matter clustering

We investigate an analytic model to compute nonlinear power spectrum of dark
matter, galaxies and their cross-correlation. The model is based on
Press-Schechter halos, which cluster and have realistic dark matter profiles.
The total power spectrum is a sum of two contributions, one from correlations
betwen the halos and one from correlations within the same halo. We show that
such a model can give dark matter power spectra which match well with the
results of N-body simulations, provided that concentration parameter decreases
with the halo mass.
Galaxy power spectrum differs from dark matter power spectrum because pair
weighted number of galaxies increases less rapidly than the halo mass, as
predicted by theoretical models and observed in clusters. In this case the
resulting power spectrum becomes a power law with the slope closed to the
observed. Such a model also predicts a later onset of nonlinear clustering
compared to the dark matter, which is needed to reconcile the CDM models with
the data. Generic prediction of this model is that bias is scale dependent and
nonmonotonic. For red or elliptical galaxies bias in power spectrum may be
scale dependent even on very large scales.
Our predictions for galaxy-dark matter correlations, which can be observed
through the galaxy-galaxy lensing, show that these cannot be interpreted simply
as an average halo profile of a typical galaxy, because different halo masses
dominate at different scales and because larger halos host more than one
galaxy. We discuss the prospects of using cross-correlations in combination
with galaxy clustering to determine the dark matter power spectrum (ABRIDGED).Comment: 16 pages, 7 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev.

### Polarization of the Microwave Background in Defect Models

We compute the polarization power spectra for global strings, monopoles,
textures and nontopological textures, and compare them to inflationary models.
We find that topological defect models predict a significant (1 microK)
contribution to magnetic type polarization on degree angular scales, which is
produced by the large vector component of the defect source. We also
investigate the effect of decoherence on polarization. It leads to a smoothing
of acoustic oscillations both in temperature and polarization power spectra and
strongly suppresses the cross-correlation between temperature and polarization
relative to inflationary models. Presence or absence of magnetic polarization
or cross-correlation would be a strong discriminator between the two theories
of structure formation and will be testable with the next generation of CMB
satellites.Comment: 4 pages, 3 figures, RevTeX fil

### Lensing effect on polarization in microwave background: extracting convergence power spectrum

Matter inhomogeneities along the line of sight deflect the cosmic microwave
background (CMB) photons originating at the last scattering surface at redshift
$z \sim 1100$. These distortions modify the pattern of CMB polarization. We
identify specific combinations of Stokes $Q$ and $U$ parameters that correspond
to spin 0,$\pm 2$ variables and can be used to reconstruct the projected matter
density. We compute the expected signal to noise as a function of detector
sensitivity and angular resolution. With Planck satellite the detection would
be at a few $\sigma$ level. Several times better detector sensitivity would be
needed to measure the projected dark matter power spectrum over a wider range
of scales, which could provide an independent confirmation of the projected
matter power spectrum as measured from other methods.Comment: 17 pages, 5 figures, accepted for publication in PR

### Lensing of the CMB: Non Gaussian aspects

We study the generation of CMB anisotropies by gravitational lensing on small
angular scales. We show these fluctuations are not Gaussian. We prove that the
power spectrum of the tail of the CMB anisotropies on small angular scales
directly gives the power spectrum of the deflection angle. We show that the
generated power on small scales is correlated with the large scale gradient.
The cross correlation between large scale gradient and small scale power can be
used to test the hypothesis that the extra power is indeed generated by
lensing. We compute the three and four point function of the temperature in the
small angle limit. We relate the non-Gaussian aspects presented in this paper
as well as those in our previous studies of the lensing effects on large scales
to the three and four point functions. We interpret the statistics proposed in
terms of different configurations of the four point function and show how they
relate to the statistic that maximizes the S/N.Comment: Changes to match accepted version in PRD, 20 pages 10 figures. Better
resolution images of the figures can be found at
http://www.sns.ias.edu/~matiasz/RESEARCH/cmblensing.htm

### Probing for Dynamics of Dark-Energy in Mass Varying Neutrinos: Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation and Large Scale Structure

We present cosmological perturbation theory in neutrino probe interacting
dark-energy models, and calculate cosmic microwave background anisotropies and
matter power spectrum. In these models, the evolution of the mass of neutrinos
is determined by the quintessence scalar field, which is responsible for the
cosmic acceleration today. We consider several types of scalar field potentials
and put constraints on the coupling parameter between neutrinos and dark
energy. Assuming the flatness of the universe, the constraint we can derive
from the current observation is $\sum m_{\nu} < 0.87 eV$ at the 95 % confidence
level for the sum over three species of neutrinos.Comment: 12 pages, 8 figures, Present in conferences COSPA-2006, NEPSE-2007
and Yong-Pyung APCTP-200

### Early reionization by decaying particles and cosmic microwave background radiation

We study the reionization scenario in which ionizing UV photons emitted from
decaying particle, in addition to usual contributions from stars and quasars,
ionize the universe. It is found that the scenario is consistent with both the
first year data of the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe and the fact that
the universe is not fully ionized until z \sim 6 as observed by Sloan Digital
Sky Survey. Likelihood analysis revealed that rather broad parameter space can
be chosen. This scenario will be discriminated by future observations,
especially by the EE polarization power spectrum of cosmic microwave background
radiation.Comment: 5 pages, 5 figures, fig 2, table 1, and some typos are correcte

### Gravitational lensing as a contaminant of the gravity wave signal in CMB

Gravity waves (GW) in the early universe generate B-type polarization in the
cosmic microwave background (CMB), which can be used as a direct way to measure
the energy scale of inflation. Gravitational lensing contaminates the GW signal
by converting the dominant E polarization into B polarization. By
reconstructing the lensing potential from CMB itself one can decontaminate the
B mode induced by lensing. We present results of numerical simulations of B
mode delensing using quadratic and iterative maximum-likelihood lensing
reconstruction methods as a function of detector noise and beam. In our
simulations we find the quadratic method can reduce the lensing B noise power
by up to a factor of 7, close to the no noise limit. In contrast, the iterative
method shows significant improvements even at the lowest noise levels we
tested. We demonstrate explicitly that with this method at least a factor of 40
noise power reduction in lensing induced B power is possible, suggesting that
T/S=10^-6 may be achievable in the absence of sky cuts, foregrounds, and
instrumental systematics. While we do not find any fundamental lower limit due
to lensing, we find that for high-sensitivity detectors residual lensing noise
dominates over the detector noise.Comment: 6 pages, 2 figures, submitted to PR

### Power Spectra in Global Defect Theories of Cosmic Structure Formation

An efficient technique for computing perturbation power spectra in field
ordering theories of cosmic structure formation is introduced, enabling
computations to be carried out with unprecedented precision. Large scale
simulations are used to measure unequal time correlators of the source stress
energy, taking advantage of scaling during matter and radiation domination, and
causality, to make optimal use of the available dynamic range. The correlators
are then re-expressed in terms of a sum of eigenvector products, a
representation which we argue is optimal, enabling the computation of the final
power spectra to be performed at high accuracy. Microwave anisotropy and matter
perturbation power spectra for global strings, monopoles, textures and
non-topological textures are presented and compared with recent observations.Comment: 4 pages, compressed and uuencoded RevTex file and postscript figure

### Mimicking transPlanckian effects in the CMB with conventional physics

We investigate the possibility that fields coupled to the inflaton can
influence the primordial spectrum of density perturbations through their
coherent motion. For example, the second field in hybrid inflation might be
oscillating at the beginning of inflation rather than at the minimum of its
potential. Although this effect is washed out if inflation lasts long enough,
we note that there can be up to 30 e-foldings of inflation prior to horizon
crossing of COBE fluctuations while still giving a potentially visible
distortion. Such pumping of the inflaton fluctuations by purely conventional
physics can resemble transPlanckian effects which have been widely discussed.
The distortions which they make to the CMB could leave a distinctive signature
which differs from generic effects like tilting of the spectrum.Comment: 3 pages, 4 figures; presented at PASCOS 03, TIFR, Mumbai, Indi

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