262 research outputs found

    Optimal Beamforming for Physical Layer Security in MISO Wireless Networks

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    A wireless network of multiple transmitter-user pairs overheard by an eavesdropper, where the transmitters are equipped with multiple antennas while the users and eavesdropper are equipped with a single antenna, is considered. At different levels of wireless channel knowledge, the problem of interest is beamforming to optimize the users' quality-of-service (QoS) in terms of their secrecy throughputs or maximize the network's energy efficiency under users' QoS. All these problems are seen as very difficult optimization problems with many nonconvex constraints and nonlinear equality constraints in beamforming vectors. The paper develops path-following computational procedures of low-complexity and rapid convergence for the optimal beamforming solution. Their practicability is demonstrated through numerical examples

    Real-time Optimal Resource Allocation for Embedded UAV Communication Systems

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    We consider device-to-device (D2D) wireless information and power transfer systems using an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) as a relay-assisted node. As the energy capacity and flight time of UAVs is limited, a significant issue in deploying UAV is to manage energy consumption in real-time application, which is proportional to the UAV transmit power. To tackle this important issue, we develop a real-time resource allocation algorithm for maximizing the energy efficiency by jointly optimizing the energy-harvesting time and power control for the considered (D2D) communication embedded with UAV. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithms as running time for solving them can be conducted in milliseconds.Comment: 11 pages, 5 figures, 1 table. This paper is accepted for publication on IEEE Wireless Communications Letter

    Separation of aqueous salt solution by pervaporation through hybrid organic-inorganic membrane: effect of operating conditions

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    Hybrid polymer-inorganic membranes were prepared by crosslinking poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), maleic acid (MA) and silica via an aqueous sol–gel route. Membrane characterisation results revealed silica nanoparticles (b10 nm) were well dispersed in the polymer matrix and significantly reduced swelling of the membrane. The membranes were tested for pervaporation separation of aqueous salt solution with NaCl concentrations of 0.2–5.0 wt% at temperatures 20–65 °C, feed flowrates 30–150 mL/min and permeate pressures 2–40 Torr. The salt rejection remained high (up to 99.9%) under all operating conditions. A high water flux of 11.7 kg/m2 h could be achieved at a feed temperature of 65 °C and a vacuum of 6 Torr. The effect of operating conditions on water flux is discussed in relation to diffusion coefficients of water and fundamental transport mechanism through the membrane. The activation energy for water permeation was found to vary from 23.8 to 20.1 kJ/kmol when the salt concentration in the feed was increased from 0.2 to 5.0 wt%

    Joint Fractional Time Allocation and Beamforming for Downlink Multiuser MISO Systems

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    It is well-known that the traditional transmit beamforming at a base station (BS) to manage interference in serving multiple users is effective only when the number of users is less than the number of transmit antennas at the BS. Non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) can improve the throughput of users with poorer channel conditions by compromising their own privacy because other users with better channel conditions can decode the information of users in poorer channel state. NOMA still prefers that the number of users is less than the number of antennas at the BS transmitter. This paper resolves such issues by allocating separate fractional time slots for serving the users with similar channel conditions. This enables the BS to serve more users within the time unit while the privacy of each user is preserved. The fractional times and beamforming vectors are jointly optimized to maximize the system's throughput. An efficient path-following algorithm, which invokes a simple convex quadratic program at each iteration, is proposed for the solution of this challenging optimization problem. Numerical results confirm its versatility.Comment: IEEE Communications Letters (To Appear