14 research outputs found

    Natural History of MYH7-Related Dilated Cardiomyopathy

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    BACKGROUND Variants in myosin heavy chain 7 (MYH7) are responsible for disease in 1% to 5% of patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM); however, the clinical characteristics and natural history of MYH7-related DCM are poorly described. OBJECTIVES We sought to determine the phenotype and prognosis of MYH7-related DCM. We also evaluated the influence of variant location on phenotypic expression. METHODS We studied clinical data from 147 individuals with DCM-causing MYH7 variants (47.6% female; 35.6 +/- 19.2 years) recruited from 29 international centers. RESULTS At initial evaluation, 106 (72.1%) patients had DCM (left ventricular ejection fraction: 34.5% +/- 11.7%). Median follow-up was 4.5 years (IQR: 1.7-8.0 years), and 23.7% of carriers who were initially phenotype-negative developed DCM. Phenotypic expression by 40 and 60 years was 46% and 88%, respectively, with 18 patients (16%) first diagnosed at <18 years of age. Thirty-six percent of patients with DCM met imaging criteria for LV noncompaction. During follow-up, 28% showed left ventricular reverse remodeling. Incidence of adverse cardiac events among patients with DCM at 5 years was 11.6%, with 5 (4.6%) deaths caused by end-stage heart failure (ESHF) and 5 patients (4.6%) requiring heart transplantation. The major ventricular arrhythmia rate was low (1.0% and 2.1% at 5 years in patients with DCM and in those with LVEF of <= 35%, respectively). ESHF and major ventricular arrhythmia were significantly lower compared with LMNA-related DCM and similar to DCM caused by TTN truncating variants. CONCLUSIONS MYH7-related DCM is characterized by early age of onset, high phenotypic expression, low left ventricular reverse remodeling, and frequent progression to ESHF. Heart failure complications predominate over ventricular arrhythmias, which are rare. (C) 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier on behalf of the American College of Cardiology Foundation

    Fatal giant cell myocarditis in a patient with multiple autoimmune disorders

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    A case of circulatory collapse due to severe heart failure is reported in a 52-year old male with autoimmune disorders in the form of type-1 diabetes, Graves’ disease and total alopecia

    Human pluripotent stem cell line (HDZi001-A) derived from a patient carrying the ARVC-5 associated mutation TMEM43-p.S358L

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    Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy type 5 (ARVC-5) is a dominantly inherited cardiomyopathy caused by the mutation TMEM43-p.S358L. An induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line (HDZi001-A) from an adult male mutation carrier was generated, using the CytoTune Sendai Kit. The resulting iPSCs carried the mutation TMEM43-p.S358L, had a normal morphology, a stable karyotype and were positive for the expression of pluripotency markers. This iPSC line can be differentiated into the three germ layers and might be a useful model for the characterization of ARVC-5 associated pathomechanism

    Incidence and predictors of worsening heart failure in patients with wild‚Äźtype transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis

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    Abstract Background Prognostic markers of survival have been identified in wild‚Äźtype transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTRwt), but limited data exist with respect to hospitalizations with worsening heart failure (WHF). Predictive markers of WHF have yet to be identified. Methods From April 2017 to February 2021, 104 patients with ATTRwt were diagnosed and prospectively followed from the time of diagnosis to the time of death or the censoring date of 1 February 2021. Baseline patient characteristics, biomarkers, and advanced echocardiography were used to predict hospitalization with WHF. Results During the median follow‚Äźup period of 23¬†months, 51% of patients were hospitalized due to WHF. Seventy‚Äźthree per cent of patients with WHF were admitted at least twice. Patients with WHF during the first year had significantly poorer survival (P¬†<¬†0.001). Independent predictors of WHF during follow‚Äźup were pacemaker implantation prior to diagnosis (PMI, P¬†=¬†0.037) and right atrial volume index (RAVi, P¬†=¬†0.008). Patients with PMI had a higher left ventricular mass index and poorer left ventricular and right ventricular systolic function indicating a more advanced stage of amyloid disease. Conclusions A high incidence and recurrence of hospital admissions with WHF were demonstrated in contemporary patients with ATTRwt, which was associated with reduced survival. Patients with pacemaker devices prior to ATTRwt diagnosis experienced more frequent hospitalizations with WHF. PMI and right atrial enlargement were identified as independent predictors of WHF during follow‚Äźup

    The LMNA mutation p.Arg321Ter associated with dilated cardiomyopathy leads to reduced expression and a skewed ratio of lamin A and lamin C proteins

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    Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a disease of the heart muscle characterized by cardiac chamber enlargement and reduced systolic function of the left ventricle. Mutations in the LMNA gene represent the most frequent known genetic cause of DCM associated with disease of the conduction systems. The LMNA gene generates two major transcripts encoding the nuclear lamina major components lamin A and lamin C by alternative splicing. Both haploinsuffiency and dominant negative effects have been proposed as disease mechanism for premature termination codon (PTC) mutations in LMNA. These mechanisms however are still not clearly established. In this study, we used a representative LMNA nonsense mutation, p.Arg321Ter, to shed light on the molecular disease mechanisms. Cultured fibroblasts from three DCM patients carrying this mutation were analyzed. Quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR and sequencing of these PCR products indicated that transcripts from the mutant allele were degraded by the nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) mechanism. The fact that no truncated mutant protein was detectable in western blot (WB) analysis strengthens the notion that the mutant transcript is efficiently degraded. Furthermore, WB analysis showed that the expression of lamin C protein was reduced by the expected approximately 50%. Clearly decreased lamin A and lamin C levels were also observed by immunofluorescence microscopy analysis. However, results from both WB and nano-liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry demonstrated that the levels of lamin A protein were more reduced suggesting an effect on expression of lamin A from the wild type allele. PCR analysis of the ratio of lamin A to lamin C transcripts showed unchanged relative amounts of lamin A transcript suggesting that the effect on the wild type allele was operative at the protein level. Immunofluorescence microscopy analysis showed no abnormal nuclear morphology of patient fibroblast cells. Based on these data, we propose that heterozygosity for the nonsense mutation causes NMD degradation of the mutant transcripts blocking expression of the truncated mutant protein and an additional trans effect on lamin A protein levels expressed from the wild type allele. We discuss the possibility that skewing of the lamin A to lamin C ratio may contribute to ensuing processes that destabilize cardiomyocytes and trigger cardiomyopath

    Generation of a TMEM43 knockout human induced pluripotent stem cell line (HDZi003-A-1) using CRISPR/Cas9

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    TMEM43 (LUMA) is a ubiquitously expressed protein with unknown function. The protein is phylogenetically highly conserved and also found in Drosophila melanogaster (Klinke et al., 2022). TMEM43-p.S358L is a rare, fully penetrant mutation that leads to arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy type 5 (ARVC5). To understand the function of the ARVC5-associated mutation it is first important to understand the function of the TMEM43 protein. Therefore, a TMEM43 knockout induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) line was generated using the CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing system.The resulting cell line had a deficiency of TMEM43 and showed normal morphology and a stable karyotype. The colonies were positive for pluripotency markers and could be differentiated into the three germ layers
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