73 research outputs found

    Protocol for ADDITION-PRO: a longitudinal cohort study of the cardiovascular experience of individuals at high risk for diabetes recruited from Danish primary care.

    Get PDF
    BACKGROUND: Screening programmes for type 2 diabetes inevitably find more individuals at high risk for diabetes than people with undiagnosed prevalent disease. While well established guidelines for the treatment of diabetes exist, less is known about treatment or prevention strategies for individuals found at high risk following screening. In order to make better use of the opportunities for primary prevention of diabetes and its complications among this high risk group, it is important to quantify diabetes progression rates and to examine the development of early markers of cardiovascular disease and microvascular diabetic complications. We also require a better understanding of the mechanisms that underlie and drive early changes in cardiometabolic physiology. The ADDITION-PRO study was designed to address these issues among individuals at different levels of diabetes risk recruited from Danish primary care. METHODS/DESIGN: ADDITION-PRO is a population-based, longitudinal cohort study of individuals at high risk for diabetes. 16,136 eligible individuals were identified at high risk following participation in a stepwise screening programme in Danish general practice between 2001 and 2006. All individuals with impaired glucose regulation at screening, those who developed diabetes following screening, and a random sub-sample of those at lower levels of diabetes risk were invited to attend a follow-up health assessment in 2009-2011 (n=4,188), of whom 2,082 (50%) attended. The health assessment included detailed measurement of anthropometry, body composition, biochemistry, physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors including aortic stiffness and central blood pressure. All ADDITION-PRO participants are being followed for incident cardiovascular disease and death. DISCUSSION: The ADDITION-PRO study is designed to increase understanding of cardiovascular risk and its underlying mechanisms among individuals at high risk of diabetes. Key features of this study include (i) a carefully characterised cohort at different levels of diabetes risk; (ii) detailed measurement of cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors; (iii) objective measurement of physical activity behaviour; and (iv) long-term follow-up of hard clinical outcomes including mortality and cardiovascular disease. Results will inform policy recommendations concerning cardiovascular risk reduction and treatment among individuals at high risk for diabetes. The detailed phenotyping of this cohort will also allow a number of research questions concerning early changes in cardiometabolic physiology to be addressed.RIGHTS : This article is licensed under the BioMed Central licence at http://www.biomedcentral.com/about/license which is similar to the 'Creative Commons Attribution Licence'. In brief you may : copy, distribute, and display the work; make derivative works; or make commercial use of the work - under the following conditions: the original author must be given credit; for any reuse or distribution, it must be made clear to others what the license terms of this work are

    Major Cardiac Events in Patients and Relatives With Hereditary Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    Get PDF
    BackgroundLittle evidence is available on the disease expression in relatives of index patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). This information has important implications for family screening programs, genetic counseling, and management of affected families.ObjectivesThe purpose of this study was to investigate the disease expression and penetrance in relatives of index patients carrying pathogenic/likely pathogenic (P/LP) variants in recognized HCM genes.MethodsA total of 453 consecutive and unrelated HCM index patients underwent clinical and genetic investigations. A total of 903 relatives of genotype-positive index patients were invited for clinical investigations and genetic testing. Penetrance, disease expression, and incidence rates of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) were investigated in individuals carrying P/LP variants.ResultsForty percent (183/453) of index patients carried a P/LP variant. Eighty-four percent (757/903) of all relatives of index patients with P/LP variants were available for the investigation, of whom 54% (407/757) carried a P/LP variant. The penetrance of HCM among relatives was 39% (160/407). Relatives with HCM and index patients were diagnosed at a similar age (43 ± 18 years vs 46 ± 15 years; P = 0.11). There were no differences in clinical characteristics or incidence rates of MACE during 8 years of follow-up.ConclusionsThe disease expression of HCM among index patients and affected relatives carrying P/LP variants in recognized disease genes was similar, with an equal risk of experiencing MACE. These findings provide evidence to support family screening and follow-up of genotype-positive HCM families to improve management and diminish the number of adverse disease complications among relatives

    Home care providers to the rescue:a novel first-responder programme

    Get PDF
    To describe the implementation of a novel first-responder programme in which home care providers equipped with automated external defibrillators (AEDs) were dispatched in parallel with existing emergency medical services in the event of a suspected out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).We evaluated a one-year prospective study that trained home care providers in performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and using an AED in cases of suspected OHCA. Data were collected from cardiac arrest case files, case files from each provider dispatch and a survey among dispatched providers. The study was conducted in a rural district in Denmark.Home care providers were dispatched to 28 of the 60 OHCAs that occurred in the study period. In ten cases the providers arrived before the ambulance service and subsequently performed CPR. AED analysis was executed in three cases and shock was delivered in one case. For 26 of the 28 cases, the cardiac arrest occurred in a private home. Ninety-five per cent of the providers who had been dispatched to a cardiac arrest reported feeling prepared for managing the initial resuscitation, including use of AED.Home care providers are suited to act as first-responders in predominantly rural and residential districts. Future follow-up will allow further evaluation of home care provider arrivals and patient survival

    Risks of Ventricular Arrhythmia and Heart Failure in Carriers of RBM20 Variants

    Get PDF
    BACKGROUND: Variants in RBM20 are reported in 2% to 6% of familial cases of dilated cardiomyopathy and may be associated with fatal ventricular arrhythmia and rapid heart failure progression. We sought to determine the risk of adverse events in RBM20 variant carriers and the impact of sex on outcomes. METHODS: Consecutive probands and relatives carrying RBM20 variants were retrospectively recruited from 12 cardiomyopathy units. The primary end point was a composite of malignant ventricular arrhythmia (MVA) and end-stage heart failure (ESHF). MVA and ESHF end points were also analyzed separately and males and females compared. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) contemporary to MVA was examined. RBM20 variant carriers with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (RBM20LVSD) were compared with variant-elusive patients with idiopathic left ventricular systolic dysfunction. RESULTS: Longitudinal follow-up data were available for 143 RBM20 variant carriers (71 male; median age, 35.5 years); 7 of 143 had an MVA event at baseline. Thirty of 136 without baseline MVA (22.0%) reached the primary end point, and 16 of 136 (11.8%) had new MVA with no significant difference between males and females (log-rank P=0.07 and P=0.98, respectively). Twenty of 143 (14.0%) developed ESHF (17 males and 3 females; log-rank P35%. At 5 years, 15 of 67 (22.4%) RBM20LVSD versus 7 of 197 (3.6%) patients with idiopathic left ventricular systolic dysfunction had reached the primary end point (log-rank P<0.001). RBM20 variant carriage conferred a 6.0-fold increase in risk of the primary end point. CONCLUSIONS: RBM20 variants are associated with a high risk of MVA and ESHF compared with idiopathic left ventricular systolic dysfunction. The risk of MVA in male and female RBM20 variant carriers is similar, but male sex is strongly associated with ESHF

    Risks of Ventricular Arrhythmia and Heart Failure in Carriers of RBM20 Variants

    Get PDF
    BACKGROUND: Variants in RBM20 are reported in 2% to 6% of familial cases of dilated cardiomyopathy and may be associated with fatal ventricular arrhythmia and rapid heart failure progression. We sought to determine the risk of adverse events in RBM20 variant carriers and the impact of sex on outcomes. METHODS: Consecutive probands and relatives carrying RBM20 variants were retrospectively recruited from 12 cardiomyopathy units. The primary end point was a composite of malignant ventricular arrhythmia (MVA) and end-stage heart failure (ESHF). MVA and ESHF end points were also analyzed separately and men and women compared. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) contemporary to MVA was examined. RBM20 variant carriers with left ventricular systolic dysfunction (RBM20LVSD) were compared with variant-elusive patients with idiopathic left ventricular systolic dysfunction. RESULTS: Longitudinal follow-up data were available for 143 RBM20 variant carriers (71 men; median age, 35.5 years); 7 of 143 had an MVA event at baseline. Thirty of 136 without baseline MVA (22.0%) reached the primary end point, and 16 of 136 (11.8%) had new MVA with no significant difference between men and women (log-rank P=0.07 and P=0.98, respectively). Twenty of 143 (14.0%) developed ESHF (17 men and 3 women; log-rank P&lt;0.001). Four of 10 variant carriers with available LVEF contemporary to MVA had an LVEF &gt;35%. At 5 years, 15 of 67 (22.4%) RBM20LVSD versus 7 of 197 (3.6%) patients with idiopathic left ventricular systolic dysfunction had reached the primary end point (log-rank P&lt;0.001). RBM20 variant carriage conferred a 6.0-fold increase in risk of the primary end point. CONCLUSIONS: RBM20 variants are associated with a high risk of MVA and ESHF compared with idiopathic left ventricular systolic dysfunction. The risk of MVA in male and female RBM20 variant carriers is similar, but male sex is strongly associated with ESHF.</p

    Clinical Features and Natural History of Preadolescent Nonsyndromic Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

    Get PDF
    BACKGROUND Up to one-half of childhood sarcomeric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) presents before the age of 12 years, but this patient group has not been systematically characterized. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to describe the clinical presentation and natural history of patients presenting with nonsyndromic HCM before the age of 12 years. METHODS Data from the International Paediatric Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Consortium on 639 children diagnosed with HCM younger than 12 years were collected and compared with those from 568 children diagnosed between 12 and 16 years. RESULTS At baseline, 339 patients (53.6%) had family histories of HCM, 132 (20.9%) had heart failure symptoms, and 250 (39.2%) were prescribed cardiac medications. The median maximal left ventricular wall thickness z-score was 8.7 (IQR: 5.3-14.4), and 145 patients (27.2%) had left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Over a median follow-up period of 5.6 years (IQR: 2.3-10.0 years), 42 patients (6.6%) died, 21 (3.3%) underwent cardiac transplantation, and 69 (10.8%) had life-threatening arrhythmic events. Compared with those presenting after 12 years, a higher proportion of younger patients underwent myectomy (10.5% vs 7.2%; P = 0.045), but fewer received primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (18.9% vs 30.1%; P = 0.041). The incidence of mortality or life-threatening arrhythmic events did not differ, but events occurred at a younger age. CONCLUSIONS Early-onset childhood HCM is associated with a comparable symptom burden and cardiac phenotype as in patients presenting later in childhood. Long-term outcomes including mortality did not differ by age of presentation, but patients presenting at younger than 12 years experienced adverse events at younger ages. (C) 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier on behalf of the American College of Cardiology Foundation.Peer reviewe
    • …
    corecore