1,475 research outputs found

    Superconductivity in S-substituted FeTe

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    We have successfully synthesized a new superconducting phase of FeTe1-xSx with a PbO-type structure. It has the simplest crystal structure in iron-based superconductors. Superconducting transition temperature is about 10 K at x = 0.2. The upper critical field Hc2 was estimated to be ~70 T. The coherent length was calculated to be ~2.2 nm. Because FeTe1-xSx is composed of nontoxic elements, this material is a candidate for applications and will activate more and more research on iron-based superconductor.Comment: 13 pages, 10 figure

    Ultrafast Photoinduced Formation of Metallic State in a Perovskite-type Manganite with Short Range Charge and Orbital Order

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    Femtosecond reflection spectroscopy was performed on a perovskite-type manganite, Gd0.55Sr0.45MnO3, with the short-range charge and orbital order (CO/OO). Immediately after the photoirradiation, a large increase of the reflectivity was detected in the mid-infrared region. The optical conductivity spectrum under photoirradiation obtained from the Kramers-Kronig analyses of the reflectivity changes demonstrates a formation of a metallic state. This suggests that ferromagnetic spin arrangements occur within the time resolution (ca. 200 fs) through the double exchange interaction, resulting in an ultrafast CO/OO to FM switching.Comment: 4 figure

    Temperature-dependent photoemission spectral weight transfer and chemical potential shift in Pr1‚ąíx_{1-x}Cax_xMnO3_3 : Implications for charge density modulation

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    We have studied the temperature dependence of the photoemission spectra of Pr1‚ąíx_{1-x}Cax_xMnO3_3 (PCMO) with x=0.25x=0.25, 0.3 and 0.5. For x=0.3x=0.3 and 0.5, we observed a gap in the low-temperature CE-type charge-ordered (CO) phase and a pseudogap with a finite intensity at the Fermi level (EFE_F) in the high-temperature paramagnetic insulating (PI) phase. Within the CO phase, the spectral intensity near EFE_F gradually increased with temperature. These observations are consistent with the results of Monte Carlo simulations on a model including charge ordering and ferromagnetic fluctuations [H. Aliaga {\it et al.} Phys. Rev. B {\bf 68}, 104405 (2003)]. For x=0.25x=0.25, on the other hand, little temperature dependence was observed within the low-temperature ferromagnetic insulating (FI) phase and the intensity at EFE_F remained low in the high-temperature PI phase. We attribute the difference in the temperature dependence near EFE_F between the CO and FI phases to the different correlation lengths of orbital order between both phases. Furthermore, we observed a chemical potential shift with temperature due to the opening of the gap in the FI and CO phases. The doping dependent chemical potential shift was recovered at low temperatures, corresponding to the disappearance of the doping dependent change of the modulation wave vector. Spectral weight transfer with hole concentration was clearly observed at high temperatures but was suppressed at low temperatures. We attribute this observation to the fixed periodicity with hole doping in PCMO at low temperatures.Comment: 5pages, 7figure

    Multiple Broken Symmetries in Striped La2‚ąíx_{2-x}Bax_{x}CuO4_{4} detected by the Field Symmetric Nernst Effect

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    We report on a thermoelectric investigation of the stripe and superconducting phases of the cuprate La2‚ąíx_{2-x}Bax_{x}CuO4_{4} near the x=1/8x=1/8 doping known to host stable stripes. We use the doping and magnetic field dependence of field-symmetric Nernst effect features to delineate the phenomenology of these phases. Our measurements are consistent with prior reports of time-reversal symmetry breaking signatures above the superconducting TcT_{{\rm c}}, and crucially detect a sharp, robust, field-invariant peak at the stripe charge order temperature, TCOT_{{\rm {\scriptscriptstyle CO}}}. Our observations suggest the onset of a nontrivial charge ordered phase at TCOT_{{\rm {\scriptscriptstyle CO}}}, and the subsequent presence of spontaneously generated vortices over a broad temperature range before the emergence of bulk superconductivity in LBCO

    Interplay of the CE-type charge ordering and the A-type spin ordering in a half-doped bilayer manganite La{1}Sr{2}Mn{2}O{7}

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    We demonstrate that the half-doped bilayer manganite La_{1}Sr_{2}Mn_{2}O_{7} exhibits CE-type charge-ordered and spin-ordered states below TN,COA=210T_{N, CO}^A = 210 K and below TNCE‚ąľ145T_{N}^{CE} \sim 145 K, respectively. However, the volume fraction of the CE-type ordering is relatively small, and the system is dominated by the A-type spin ordering. The coexistence of the two types of ordering is essential to understand its transport properties, and we argue that it can be viewed as an effective phase separation between the metallic d(x2‚ąíy2)d(x^{2}-y^{2}) orbital ordering and the charge-localized d(3x2‚ąír2)/d(3y2‚ąír2)d(3x^{2}-r^{2})/d(3y^{2}-r^{2}) orbital ordering.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, submitted to Phys. Rev.

    Commensurate-Incommensurate transition in the melting process of the orbital ordering in Pr0.5Ca0.5MnO3: neutron diffraction study

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    The melting process of the orbital order in Pr0.5Ca0.5MnO3 single crystal has been studied in detail as a function of temperature by neutron diffraction. It is demonstrated that a commensurate-incommensurate (C-IC) transition of the orbital ordering takes place in a bulk sample, being consistent with the electron diffraction studies. The lattice structure and the transport properties go through drastic changes in the IC orbital ordering phase below the charge/orbital ordering temperature Tco/oo, indicating that the anomalies are intimately related to the partial disordering of the orbital order, unlike the consensus that it is related to the charge disordering process. For the same T range, partial disorder of the orbital ordering turns on the ferromagnetic spin fluctuations which were observed in a previous neutron scattering study.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures, REVTeX, to be published in Phys. Rev.

    Spin excitations used to probe the nature of the exchange coupling in the magnetically ordered ground state of Pr0.5_{0.5}Ca0.5_{0.5}MnO3_{3}

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    We have used time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering to measure the spin wave spectrum of the canonical half-doped manganite Pr0.5_{0.5}Ca0.5_{0.5}MnO3_{3}, in its magnetic and orbitally ordered phase. The data, which cover multiple Brillouin zones and the entire energy range of the excitations, are compared with several different models that are all consistent with the CE-type magnetic order, but arise through different exchange coupling schemes. The Goodenough model, i.e. an ordered state comprising strong nearest neighbor ferromagnetic interactions along zig-zag chains with antiferromagnetic inter-chain coupling, provides the best description of the data, provided that further neighbor interactions along the chains are included. We are able to rule out a coupling scheme involving formation of strongly bound ferromagnetic dimers, i.e. Zener polarons, on the basis of gross features of the observed spin wave spectrum. A model with weaker dimerization reproduces the observed dispersion but can be ruled out on the basis of discrepancies between the calculated and observed structure factors at certain positions in reciprocal space. Adding further neighbor interactions results in almost no dimerization, i.e. recovery of the Goodenough model. These results are consistent with theoretical analysis of the degenerate double exchange model for half-doping, and provide a recipe for how to interpret future measurements away from half-doping, where degenerate double exchange models predict more complex ground states.Comment: 14 pages, 11 figure

    Jahn-Teller effect and stability of the charge-ordered state in La1-xCaxMnO3 (0.5<x<0.9) manganites

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    The longitudinal ultrasonic sound velocity and attenuation, the resistivity, and lattice parameters were studied as a function of temperature from 30 K to 300 K in La1-xCaxMnO3 (0.5<x<0.9). For all the samples, a dramatic stiffening of the sound velocity below the charge ordering transition temperature TCO was directly driven by distinct changes of the lattice parameters due to the formation of long range ordering of Jahn-Teller distorted MnO6 octahedra. The relative change of the sound velocity (DeltaV/V) below TCO depends on the Ca concentration x and reaches the maximum at x=0.75, implying that the effective strength of electron-lattice interaction with the Jahn-Teller distortion is the strongest at x=0.75 and hence the charge ordered state is mostly stabilized near x=0.75 and insensitive to the application of a magnetic field, which is supported by the charge transport properties under high magnetic fields up to 14T.Comment: 16 pages, 5 figures, PD
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