7,732 research outputs found

### Metallic proximity effect in ballistic graphene with resonant scatterers

We study the effect of resonant scatterers on the local density of states in
a rectangular graphene setup with metallic leads. We find that the density of
states in a vicinity of the Dirac point acquires a strong position dependence
due to both metallic proximity effect and impurity scattering. This effect may
prevent uniform gating of weakly-doped samples. We also demonstrate that even a
single-atom impurity may essentially alter electronic states at low-doping on
distances of the order of the sample size from the impurity.Comment: 9 pages, 2 figure

### Ballistic charge transport in chiral-symmetric few-layer graphene

A transfer matrix approach to study ballistic charge transport in few-layer
graphene with chiral-symmetric stacking configurations is developed. We
demonstrate that the chiral symmetry justifies a non-Abelian gauge
transformation at the spectral degeneracy point (zero energy). This
transformation proves the equivalence of zero-energy transport properties of
the multilayer to those of the system of uncoupled monolayers. Similar
transformation can be applied in order to gauge away an arbitrary magnetic
field, weak strain, and hopping disorder in the bulk of the sample. Finally, we
calculate the full-counting statistics at arbitrary energy for different
stacking configurations. The predicted gate-voltage dependence of conductance
and noise can be measured in clean multilayer samples with generic metallic
leads.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures; EPL published versio

### Finite-temperature Bell test for quasiparticle entanglement in the Fermi sea

We demonstrate that the Bell test cannot be realized at finite temperatures
in the vast majority of electronic setups proposed previously for quantum
entanglement generation. This fundamental difficulty is shown to originate in a
finite probability of quasiparticle emission from Fermi-sea detectors. In order
to overcome the feedback problem, we suggest a detection strategy, which takes
advantage of a resonant coupling to the quasiparticle drains. Unlike other
proposals, the designed Bell test provides a possibility to determine the
critical temperature for entanglement production in the solid state.Comment: 6 pages, 3 figures, essentially revised and extended versio

### Diamagnetism of metallic nanoparticles as the result of strong spin-orbit interaction

The magnetic susceptibility of an ensemble of clean metallic nanoparticles is
shown to change from paramagnetic to diamagnetic one with the onset of
spin-orbit interaction. The effect is quantified on the basis of symmetry
analysis with the help of the random matrix theory. In particular, the magnetic
susceptibility is investigated as the function of symmetry breaking parameter
representing magnetic flux in the crossover from symplectic to unitary and from
orthogonal to unitary ensembles. Corresponding analytical and numerical results
provide a qualitative explanation to the experimental data on diamagnetism of
an ensemble of gold nanorods.Comment: 6 pages, 5 figures; extended versio

### Magnon activation by hot electrons via non-quasiparticle states

We consider the situation when a femtosecond laser pulse creates a hot
electron state in half-metallic ferromagnet (e. g. ferromagnetic semiconductor)
on a picosecond timescale but do not act directly on localized spin system. We
show that the energy and magnetic moment transfer from hot itinerant electrons
to localized spins is facilitated by the so-called non-quasiparticle states,
which are the scattering states of a magnon and spin-majority electron. The
magnon distribution is described by a quantum kinetic equation that we derive
using the Keldysh diagram technique. In a typical ferromagnetic semiconductor
such as EuO magnons remain essentially in non-equilibrium on a scale of the
order of microsecond after the laser pulse.Comment: 8 pages, 2 figure

### Electrostatic confinement of electrons in an integrable graphene quantum dot

We compare the conductance of an undoped graphene sheet with a small region
subject to an electrostatic gate potential for the cases that the dynamics in
the gated region is regular (disc-shaped region) and classically chaotic
(stadium). For the disc, we find sharp resonances that narrow upon reducing the
area fraction of the gated region. We relate this observation to the existence
of confined electronic states. For the stadium, the conductance looses its
dependence on the gate voltage upon reducing the area fraction of the gated
region, which signals the lack of confinement of Dirac quasiparticles in a
gated region with chaotic classical electron dynamics.Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures; [v2] Added discussion of large aspect ratio

### The influence of Galactic aberration on precession parameters determined from VLBI observations

The influence of proper motions of sources due to Galactic aberration on
precession models based on VLBI data is determined. Comparisons of the linear
trends in the coordinates of the celestial pole obtained with and without
taking into account Galactic aberration indicate that this effect can reach 20
$\mu$as per century, which is important for modern precession models. It is
also shown that correcting for Galactic aberration influences the derived
parameters of low-frequency nutation terms. It is therefore necessary to
correct for Galactic aberration in the reduction of modern astrometric
observations

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