493 research outputs found

    Squark Mass Measurement in the Long-lived Stau Scenario at the LHC

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    The long-lived stau scenario is an interesting possibility at the LHC. We study squark mass measurements in this scenario; in particular, we show that left- and right-handed squark masses are both measurable. In SUSY events, multiple jets are expected, which become a source of combinatorial backgrounds. In order to reduce such backgrounds a hemisphere analysis is applied, and we discuss mass measurements of squarks in decay modes of left-handed squark into quark + (neutral / charged) Wino and also right-handed squark into quark + Bino.Comment: 14 pages, 3 figure

    Characterization of genetically modified mice for phosphoglycerate mutase, a vitally-essential enzyme in glycolysis

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    Models de ratolí; Glucòlisi; Diabetis mellitusModelos de ratón; Glucólisis; Diabetes mellitusMouse models; Glycolysis; Diabetes mellitusGlycolytic metabolism is closely involved in physiological homeostasis and pathophysiological states. Among glycolytic enzymes, phosphoglycerate mutase (PGAM) has been reported to exert certain physiological role in vitro, whereas its impact on glucose metabolism in vivo remains unclear. Here, we report the characterization of Pgam1 knockout mice. We observed that homozygous knockout mice of Pgam1 were embryonic lethal. Although we previously reported that both PGAM-1 and -2 affect global glycolytic profile of cancers in vitro, in vivo glucose parameters were less affected both in the heterozygous knockout of Pgam1 and in Pgam2 transgenic mice. Thus, the impact of PGAM on in vivo glucose metabolism is rather complex than expected before.This work was supported in part by grants from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (Grants No. 26310103 to HK and No. 15K19283 to HK), and by the Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development (AMED), Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST JP17gm0610002h0306 to HK). HK; Hiroshi Kondoh

    Lower Perplexity is Not Always Human-Like

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    In computational psycholinguistics, various language models have been evaluated against human reading behavior (e.g., eye movement) to build human-like computational models. However, most previous efforts have focused almost exclusively on English, despite the recent trend towards linguistic universal within the general community. In order to fill the gap, this paper investigates whether the established results in computational psycholinguistics can be generalized across languages. Specifically, we re-examine an established generalization -- the lower perplexity a language model has, the more human-like the language model is -- in Japanese with typologically different structures from English. Our experiments demonstrate that this established generalization exhibits a surprising lack of universality; namely, lower perplexity is not always human-like. Moreover, this discrepancy between English and Japanese is further explored from the perspective of (non-)uniform information density. Overall, our results suggest that a cross-lingual evaluation will be necessary to construct human-like computational models.Comment: Accepted by ACL 202

    Identifying the Origin of Longevity of Metastable Stau at the LHC

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    In the framework of the supersymmetric standard model, the lighter stau often becomes long-lived. Such longevity of the stau is realized in three well-motivated scenarios: (A) the stau is the next-to-lightest supersymmetric particle (NLSP) and the gravitino is the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP), (B) the stau is the LSP and R-parity is slightly violated, and (C) the stau is NLSP, the neutralino is the LSP, and the their masses are degenerate. We study the event topology and the decay of the stopping stau at the hadron calorimeter at the LHC, and show that it is possible to identify the reason why the stau becomes long-lived.Comment: 14 pages, 3 figures, 1 tabl